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1.  Guidelines for the use and interpretation of assays for monitoring autophagy 
Klionsky, Daniel J. | Abdalla, Fabio C. | Abeliovich, Hagai | Abraham, Robert T. | Acevedo-Arozena, Abraham | Adeli, Khosrow | Agholme, Lotta | Agnello, Maria | Agostinis, Patrizia | Aguirre-Ghiso, Julio A. | Ahn, Hyung Jun | Ait-Mohamed, Ouardia | Ait-Si-Ali, Slimane | Akematsu, Takahiko | Akira, Shizuo | Al-Younes, Hesham M. | Al-Zeer, Munir A. | Albert, Matthew L. | Albin, Roger L. | Alegre-Abarrategui, Javier | Aleo, Maria Francesca | Alirezaei, Mehrdad | Almasan, Alexandru | Almonte-Becerril, Maylin | Amano, Atsuo | Amaravadi, Ravi K. | Amarnath, Shoba | Amer, Amal O. | Andrieu-Abadie, Nathalie | Anantharam, Vellareddy | Ann, David K. | Anoopkumar-Dukie, Shailendra | Aoki, Hiroshi | Apostolova, Nadezda | Arancia, Giuseppe | Aris, John P. | Asanuma, Katsuhiko | Asare, Nana Y.O. | Ashida, Hisashi | Askanas, Valerie | Askew, David S. | Auberger, Patrick | Baba, Misuzu | Backues, Steven K. | Baehrecke, Eric H. | Bahr, Ben A. | Bai, Xue-Yuan | Bailly, Yannick | Baiocchi, Robert | Baldini, Giulia | Balduini, Walter | Ballabio, Andrea | Bamber, Bruce A. | Bampton, Edward T.W. | Juhász, Gábor | Bartholomew, Clinton R. | Bassham, Diane C. | Bast, Robert C. | Batoko, Henri | Bay, Boon-Huat | Beau, Isabelle | Béchet, Daniel M. | Begley, Thomas J. | Behl, Christian | Behrends, Christian | Bekri, Soumeya | Bellaire, Bryan | Bendall, Linda J. | Benetti, Luca | Berliocchi, Laura | Bernardi, Henri | Bernassola, Francesca | Besteiro, Sébastien | Bhatia-Kissova, Ingrid | Bi, Xiaoning | Biard-Piechaczyk, Martine | Blum, Janice S. | Boise, Lawrence H. | Bonaldo, Paolo | Boone, David L. | Bornhauser, Beat C. | Bortoluci, Karina R. | Bossis, Ioannis | Bost, Frédéric | Bourquin, Jean-Pierre | Boya, Patricia | Boyer-Guittaut, Michaël | Bozhkov, Peter V. | Brady, Nathan R | Brancolini, Claudio | Brech, Andreas | Brenman, Jay E. | Brennand, Ana | Bresnick, Emery H. | Brest, Patrick | Bridges, Dave | Bristol, Molly L. | Brookes, Paul S. | Brown, Eric J. | Brumell, John H. | Brunetti-Pierri, Nicola | Brunk, Ulf T. | Bulman, Dennis E. | Bultman, Scott J. | Bultynck, Geert | Burbulla, Lena F. | Bursch, Wilfried | Butchar, Jonathan P. | Buzgariu, Wanda | Bydlowski, Sergio P. | Cadwell, Ken | Cahová, Monika | Cai, Dongsheng | Cai, Jiyang | Cai, Qian | Calabretta, Bruno | Calvo-Garrido, Javier | Camougrand, Nadine | Campanella, Michelangelo | Campos-Salinas, Jenny | Candi, Eleonora | Cao, Lizhi | Caplan, Allan B. | Carding, Simon R. | Cardoso, Sandra M. | Carew, Jennifer S. | Carlin, Cathleen R. | Carmignac, Virginie | Carneiro, Leticia A.M. | Carra, Serena | Caruso, Rosario A. | Casari, Giorgio | Casas, Caty | Castino, Roberta | Cebollero, Eduardo | Cecconi, Francesco | Celli, Jean | Chaachouay, Hassan | Chae, Han-Jung | Chai, Chee-Yin | Chan, David C. | Chan, Edmond Y. | Chang, Raymond Chuen-Chung | Che, Chi-Ming | Chen, Ching-Chow | Chen, Guang-Chao | Chen, Guo-Qiang | Chen, Min | Chen, Quan | Chen, Steve S.-L. | Chen, WenLi | Chen, Xi | Chen, Xiangmei | Chen, Xiequn | Chen, Ye-Guang | Chen, Yingyu | Chen, Yongqiang | Chen, Yu-Jen | Chen, Zhixiang | Cheng, Alan | Cheng, Christopher H.K. | Cheng, Yan | Cheong, Heesun | Cheong, Jae-Ho | Cherry, Sara | Chess-Williams, Russ | Cheung, Zelda H. | Chevet, Eric | Chiang, Hui-Ling | Chiarelli, Roberto | Chiba, Tomoki | Chin, Lih-Shen | Chiou, Shih-Hwa | Chisari, Francis V. | Cho, Chi Hin | Cho, Dong-Hyung | Choi, Augustine M.K. | Choi, DooSeok | Choi, Kyeong Sook | Choi, Mary E. | Chouaib, Salem | Choubey, Divaker | Choubey, Vinay | Chu, Charleen T. | Chuang, Tsung-Hsien | Chueh, Sheau-Huei | Chun, Taehoon | Chwae, Yong-Joon | Chye, Mee-Len | Ciarcia, Roberto | Ciriolo, Maria R. | Clague, Michael J. | Clark, Robert S.B. | Clarke, Peter G.H. | Clarke, Robert | Codogno, Patrice | Coller, Hilary A. | Colombo, María I. | Comincini, Sergio | Condello, Maria | Condorelli, Fabrizio | Cookson, Mark R. | Coombs, Graham H. | Coppens, Isabelle | Corbalan, Ramon | Cossart, Pascale | Costelli, Paola | Costes, Safia | Coto-Montes, Ana | Couve, Eduardo | Coxon, Fraser P. | Cregg, James M. | Crespo, José L. | Cronjé, Marianne J. | Cuervo, Ana Maria | Cullen, Joseph J. | Czaja, Mark J. | D'Amelio, Marcello | Darfeuille-Michaud, Arlette | Davids, Lester M. | Davies, Faith E. | De Felici, Massimo | de Groot, John F. | de Haan, Cornelis A.M. | De Martino, Luisa | De Milito, Angelo | De Tata, Vincenzo | Debnath, Jayanta | Degterev, Alexei | Dehay, Benjamin | Delbridge, Lea M.D. | Demarchi, Francesca | Deng, Yi Zhen | Dengjel, Jörn | Dent, Paul | Denton, Donna | Deretic, Vojo | Desai, Shyamal D. | Devenish, Rodney J. | Di Gioacchino, Mario | Di Paolo, Gilbert | Di Pietro, Chiara | Díaz-Araya, Guillermo | Díaz-Laviada, Inés | Diaz-Meco, Maria T. | Diaz-Nido, Javier | Dikic, Ivan | Dinesh-Kumar, Savithramma P. | Ding, Wen-Xing | Distelhorst, Clark W. | Diwan, Abhinav | Djavaheri-Mergny, Mojgan | Dokudovskaya, Svetlana | Dong, Zheng | Dorsey, Frank C. | Dosenko, Victor | Dowling, James J. | Doxsey, Stephen | Dreux, Marlène | Drew, Mark E. | Duan, Qiuhong | Duchosal, Michel A. | Duff, Karen E. | Dugail, Isabelle | Durbeej, Madeleine | Duszenko, Michael | Edelstein, Charles L. | Edinger, Aimee L. | Egea, Gustavo | Eichinger, Ludwig | Eissa, N. Tony | Ekmekcioglu, Suhendan | El-Deiry, Wafik S. | Elazar, Zvulun | Elgendy, Mohamed | Ellerby, Lisa M. | Eng, Kai Er | Engelbrecht, Anna-Mart | Engelender, Simone | Erenpreisa, Jekaterina | Escalante, Ricardo | Esclatine, Audrey | Eskelinen, Eeva-Liisa | Espert, Lucile | Espina, Virginia | Fan, Huizhou | Fan, Jia | Fan, Qi-Wen | Fan, Zhen | Fang, Shengyun | Fang, Yongqi | Fanto, Manolis | Fanzani, Alessandro | Farkas, Thomas | Farre, Jean-Claude | Faure, Mathias | Fechheimer, Marcus | Feng, Carl G. | Feng, Jian | Feng, Qili | Feng, Youji | Fésüs, László | Feuer, Ralph | Figueiredo-Pereira, Maria E. | Fimia, Gian Maria | Fingar, Diane C. | Finkbeiner, Steven | Finkel, Toren | Finley, Kim D. | Fiorito, Filomena | Fisher, Edward A. | Fisher, Paul B. | Flajolet, Marc | Florez-McClure, Maria L. | Florio, Salvatore | Fon, Edward A. | Fornai, Francesco | Fortunato, Franco | Fotedar, Rati | Fowler, Daniel H. | Fox, Howard S. | Franco, Rodrigo | Frankel, Lisa B. | Fransen, Marc | Fuentes, José M. | Fueyo, Juan | Fujii, Jun | Fujisaki, Kozo | Fujita, Eriko | Fukuda, Mitsunori | Furukawa, Ruth H. | Gaestel, Matthias | Gailly, Philippe | Gajewska, Malgorzata | Galliot, Brigitte | Galy, Vincent | Ganesh, Subramaniam | Ganetzky, Barry | Ganley, Ian G. | Gao, Fen-Biao | Gao, George F. | Gao, Jinming | Garcia, Lorena | Garcia-Manero, Guillermo | Garcia-Marcos, Mikel | Garmyn, Marjan | Gartel, Andrei L. | Gatti, Evelina | Gautel, Mathias | Gawriluk, Thomas R. | Gegg, Matthew E. | Geng, Jiefei | Germain, Marc | Gestwicki, Jason E. | Gewirtz, David A. | Ghavami, Saeid | Ghosh, Pradipta | Giammarioli, Anna M. | Giatromanolaki, Alexandra N. | Gibson, Spencer B. | Gilkerson, Robert W. | Ginger, Michael L. | Ginsberg, Henry N. | Golab, Jakub | Goligorsky, Michael S. | Golstein, Pierre | Gomez-Manzano, Candelaria | Goncu, Ebru | Gongora, Céline | Gonzalez, Claudio D. | Gonzalez, Ramon | González-Estévez, Cristina | González-Polo, Rosa Ana | Gonzalez-Rey, Elena | Gorbunov, Nikolai V. | Gorski, Sharon | Goruppi, Sandro | Gottlieb, Roberta A. | Gozuacik, Devrim | Granato, Giovanna Elvira | Grant, Gary D. | Green, Kim N. | Gregorc, Ales | Gros, Frédéric | Grose, Charles | Grunt, Thomas W. | Gual, Philippe | Guan, Jun-Lin | Guan, Kun-Liang | Guichard, Sylvie M. | Gukovskaya, Anna S. | Gukovsky, Ilya | Gunst, Jan | Gustafsson, Åsa B. | Halayko, Andrew J. | Hale, Amber N. | Halonen, Sandra K. | Hamasaki, Maho | Han, Feng | Han, Ting | Hancock, Michael K. | Hansen, Malene | Harada, Hisashi | Harada, Masaru | Hardt, Stefan E. | Harper, J. Wade | Harris, Adrian L. | Harris, James | Harris, Steven D. | Hashimoto, Makoto | Haspel, Jeffrey A. | Hayashi, Shin-ichiro | Hazelhurst, Lori A. | He, Congcong | He, You-Wen | Hébert, Marie-Josée | Heidenreich, Kim A. | Helfrich, Miep H. | Helgason, Gudmundur V. | Henske, Elizabeth P. | Herman, Brian | Herman, Paul K. | Hetz, Claudio | Hilfiker, Sabine | Hill, Joseph A. | Hocking, Lynne J. | Hofman, Paul | Hofmann, Thomas G. | Höhfeld, Jörg | Holyoake, Tessa L. | Hong, Ming-Huang | Hood, David A. | Hotamisligil, Gökhan S. | Houwerzijl, Ewout J. | Høyer-Hansen, Maria | Hu, Bingren | Hu, Chien-an A. | Hu, Hong-Ming | Hua, Ya | Huang, Canhua | Huang, Ju | Huang, Shengbing | Huang, Wei-Pang | Huber, Tobias B. | Huh, Won-Ki | Hung, Tai-Ho | Hupp, Ted R. | Hur, Gang Min | Hurley, James B. | Hussain, Sabah N.A. | Hussey, Patrick J. | Hwang, Jung Jin | Hwang, Seungmin | Ichihara, Atsuhiro | Ilkhanizadeh, Shirin | Inoki, Ken | Into, Takeshi | Iovane, Valentina | Iovanna, Juan L. | Ip, Nancy Y. | Isaka, Yoshitaka | Ishida, Hiroyuki | Isidoro, Ciro | Isobe, Ken-ichi | Iwasaki, Akiko | Izquierdo, Marta | Izumi, Yotaro | Jaakkola, Panu M. | Jäättelä, Marja | Jackson, George R. | Jackson, William T. | Janji, Bassam | Jendrach, Marina | Jeon, Ju-Hong | Jeung, Eui-Bae | Jiang, Hong | Jiang, Hongchi | Jiang, Jean X. | Jiang, Ming | Jiang, Qing | Jiang, Xuejun | Jiang, Xuejun | Jiménez, Alberto | Jin, Meiyan | Jin, Shengkan V. | Joe, Cheol O. | Johansen, Terje | Johnson, Daniel E. | Johnson, Gail V.W. | Jones, Nicola L. | Joseph, Bertrand | Joseph, Suresh K. | Joubert, Annie M. | Juhász, Gábor | Juillerat-Jeanneret, Lucienne | Jung, Chang Hwa | Jung, Yong-Keun | Kaarniranta, Kai | Kaasik, Allen | Kabuta, Tomohiro | Kadowaki, Motoni | Kågedal, Katarina | Kamada, Yoshiaki | Kaminskyy, Vitaliy O. | Kampinga, Harm H. | Kanamori, Hiromitsu | Kang, Chanhee | Kang, Khong Bee | Kang, Kwang Il | Kang, Rui | Kang, Yoon-A | Kanki, Tomotake | Kanneganti, Thirumala-Devi | Kanno, Haruo | Kanthasamy, Anumantha G. | Kanthasamy, Arthi | Karantza, Vassiliki | Kaushal, Gur P. | Kaushik, Susmita | Kawazoe, Yoshinori | Ke, Po-Yuan | Kehrl, John H. | Kelekar, Ameeta | Kerkhoff, Claus | Kessel, David H. | Khalil, Hany | Kiel, Jan A.K.W. | Kiger, Amy A. | Kihara, Akio | Kim, Deok Ryong | Kim, Do-Hyung | Kim, Dong-Hou | Kim, Eun-Kyoung | Kim, Hyung-Ryong | Kim, Jae-Sung | Kim, Jeong Hun | Kim, Jin Cheon | Kim, John K. | Kim, Peter K. | Kim, Seong Who | Kim, Yong-Sun | Kim, Yonghyun | Kimchi, Adi | Kimmelman, Alec C. | King, Jason S. | Kinsella, Timothy J. | Kirkin, Vladimir | Kirshenbaum, Lorrie A. | Kitamoto, Katsuhiko | Kitazato, Kaio | Klein, Ludger | Klimecki, Walter T. | Klucken, Jochen | Knecht, Erwin | Ko, Ben C.B. | Koch, Jan C. | Koga, Hiroshi | Koh, Jae-Young | Koh, Young Ho | Koike, Masato | Komatsu, Masaaki | Kominami, Eiki | Kong, Hee Jeong | Kong, Wei-Jia | Korolchuk, Viktor I. | Kotake, Yaichiro | Koukourakis, Michael I. | Flores, Juan B. Kouri | Kovács, Attila L. | Kraft, Claudine | Krainc, Dimitri | Krämer, Helmut | Kretz-Remy, Carole | Krichevsky, Anna M. | Kroemer, Guido | Krüger, Rejko | Krut, Oleg | Ktistakis, Nicholas T. | Kuan, Chia-Yi | Kucharczyk, Roza | Kumar, Ashok | Kumar, Raj | Kumar, Sharad | Kundu, Mondira | Kung, Hsing-Jien | Kurz, Tino | Kwon, Ho Jeong | La Spada, Albert R. | Lafont, Frank | Lamark, Trond | Landry, Jacques | Lane, Jon D. | Lapaquette, Pierre | Laporte, Jocelyn F. | László, Lajos | Lavandero, Sergio | Lavoie, Josée N. | Layfield, Robert | Lazo, Pedro A. | Le, Weidong | Le Cam, Laurent | Ledbetter, Daniel J. | Lee, Alvin J.X. | Lee, Byung-Wan | Lee, Gyun Min | Lee, Jongdae | lee, Ju-hyun | Lee, Michael | Lee, Myung-Shik | Lee, Sug Hyung | Leeuwenburgh, Christiaan | Legembre, Patrick | Legouis, Renaud | Lehmann, Michael | Lei, Huan-Yao | Lei, Qun-Ying | Leib, David A. | Leiro, José | Lemasters, John J. | Lemoine, Antoinette | Lesniak, Maciej S. | Lev, Dina | Levenson, Victor V. | Levine, Beth | Levy, Efrat | Li, Faqiang | Li, Jun-Lin | Li, Lian | Li, Sheng | Li, Weijie | Li, Xue-Jun | Li, Yan-Bo | Li, Yi-Ping | Liang, Chengyu | Liang, Qiangrong | Liao, Yung-Feng | Liberski, Pawel P. | Lieberman, Andrew | Lim, Hyunjung J. | Lim, Kah-Leong | Lim, Kyu | Lin, Chiou-Feng | Lin, Fu-Cheng | Lin, Jian | Lin, Jiandie D. | Lin, Kui | Lin, Wan-Wan | Lin, Weei-Chin | Lin, Yi-Ling | Linden, Rafael | Lingor, Paul | Lippincott-Schwartz, Jennifer | Lisanti, Michael P. | Liton, Paloma B. | Liu, Bo | Liu, Chun-Feng | Liu, Kaiyu | Liu, Leyuan | Liu, Qiong A. | Liu, Wei | Liu, Young-Chau | Liu, Yule | Lockshin, Richard A. | Lok, Chun-Nam | Lonial, Sagar | Loos, Benjamin | Lopez-Berestein, Gabriel | López-Otín, Carlos | Lossi, Laura | Lotze, Michael T. | Low, Peter | Lu, Binfeng | Lu, Bingwei | Lu, Bo | Lu, Zhen | Luciano, Fréderic | Lukacs, Nicholas W. | Lund, Anders H. | Lynch-Day, Melinda A. | Ma, Yong | Macian, Fernando | MacKeigan, Jeff P. | Macleod, Kay F. | Madeo, Frank | Maiuri, Luigi | Maiuri, Maria Chiara | Malagoli, Davide | Malicdan, May Christine V. | Malorni, Walter | Man, Na | Mandelkow, Eva-Maria | Manon, Stephen | Manov, Irena | Mao, Kai | Mao, Xiang | Mao, Zixu | Marambaud, Philippe | Marazziti, Daniela | Marcel, Yves L. | Marchbank, Katie | Marchetti, Piero | Marciniak, Stefan J. | Marcondes, Mateus | Mardi, Mohsen | Marfe, Gabriella | Mariño, Guillermo | Markaki, Maria | Marten, Mark R. | Martin, Seamus J. | Martinand-Mari, Camille | Martinet, Wim | Martinez-Vicente, Marta | Masini, Matilde | Matarrese, Paola | Matsuo, Saburo | Matteoni, Raffaele | Mayer, Andreas | Mazure, Nathalie M. | McConkey, David J. | McConnell, Melanie J. | McDermott, Catherine | McDonald, Christine | McInerney, Gerald M. | McKenna, Sharon L. | McLaughlin, BethAnn | McLean, Pamela J. | McMaster, Christopher R. | McQuibban, G. Angus | Meijer, Alfred J. | Meisler, Miriam H. | Meléndez, Alicia | Melia, Thomas J. | Melino, Gerry | Mena, Maria A. | Menendez, Javier A. | Menna-Barreto, Rubem F. S. | Menon, Manoj B. | Menzies, Fiona M. | Mercer, Carol A. | Merighi, Adalberto | Merry, Diane E. | Meschini, Stefania | Meyer, Christian G. | Meyer, Thomas F. | Miao, Chao-Yu | Miao, Jun-Ying | Michels, Paul A.M. | Michiels, Carine | Mijaljica, Dalibor | Milojkovic, Ana | Minucci, Saverio | Miracco, Clelia | Miranti, Cindy K. | Mitroulis, Ioannis | Miyazawa, Keisuke | Mizushima, Noboru | Mograbi, Baharia | Mohseni, Simin | Molero, Xavier | Mollereau, Bertrand | Mollinedo, Faustino | Momoi, Takashi | Monastyrska, Iryna | Monick, Martha M. | Monteiro, Mervyn J. | Moore, Michael N. | Mora, Rodrigo | Moreau, Kevin | Moreira, Paula I. | Moriyasu, Yuji | Moscat, Jorge | Mostowy, Serge | Mottram, Jeremy C. | Motyl, Tomasz | Moussa, Charbel E.-H. | Müller, Sylke | Muller, Sylviane | Münger, Karl | Münz, Christian | Murphy, Leon O. | Murphy, Maureen E. | Musarò, Antonio | Mysorekar, Indira | Nagata, Eiichiro | Nagata, Kazuhiro | Nahimana, Aimable | Nair, Usha | Nakagawa, Toshiyuki | Nakahira, Kiichi | Nakano, Hiroyasu | Nakatogawa, Hitoshi | Nanjundan, Meera | Naqvi, Naweed I. | Narendra, Derek P. | Narita, Masashi | Navarro, Miguel | Nawrocki, Steffan T. | Nazarko, Taras Y. | Nemchenko, Andriy | Netea, Mihai G. | Neufeld, Thomas P. | Ney, Paul A. | Nezis, Ioannis P. | Nguyen, Huu Phuc | Nie, Daotai | Nishino, Ichizo | Nislow, Corey | Nixon, Ralph A. | Noda, Takeshi | Noegel, Angelika A. | Nogalska, Anna | Noguchi, Satoru | Notterpek, Lucia | Novak, Ivana | Nozaki, Tomoyoshi | Nukina, Nobuyuki | Nürnberger, Thorsten | Nyfeler, Beat | Obara, Keisuke | Oberley, Terry D. | Oddo, Salvatore | Ogawa, Michinaga | Ohashi, Toya | Okamoto, Koji | Oleinick, Nancy L. | Oliver, F. 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Autophagy  2012;8(4):445-544.
In 2008 we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, research on this topic has continued to accelerate, and many new scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Accordingly, it is important to update these guidelines for monitoring autophagy in different organisms. Various reviews have described the range of assays that have been used for this purpose. Nevertheless, there continues to be confusion regarding acceptable methods to measure autophagy, especially in multicellular eukaryotes. A key point that needs to be emphasized is that there is a difference between measurements that monitor the numbers or volume of autophagic elements (e.g., autophagosomes or autolysosomes) at any stage of the autophagic process vs. those that measure flux through the autophagy pathway (i.e., the complete process); thus, a block in macroautophagy that results in autophagosome accumulation needs to be differentiated from stimuli that result in increased autophagic activity, defined as increased autophagy induction coupled with increased delivery to, and degradation within, lysosomes (in most higher eukaryotes and some protists such as Dictyostelium) or the vacuole (in plants and fungi). In other words, it is especially important that investigators new to the field understand that the appearance of more autophagosomes does not necessarily equate with more autophagy. In fact, in many cases, autophagosomes accumulate because of a block in trafficking to lysosomes without a concomitant change in autophagosome biogenesis, whereas an increase in autolysosomes may reflect a reduction in degradative activity. Here, we present a set of guidelines for the selection and interpretation of methods for use by investigators who aim to examine macroautophagy and related processes, as well as for reviewers who need to provide realistic and reasonable critiques of papers that are focused on these processes. These guidelines are not meant to be a formulaic set of rules, because the appropriate assays depend in part on the question being asked and the system being used. In addition, we emphasize that no individual assay is guaranteed to be the most appropriate one in every situation, and we strongly recommend the use of multiple assays to monitor autophagy. In these guidelines, we consider these various methods of assessing autophagy and what information can, or cannot, be obtained from them. Finally, by discussing the merits and limits of particular autophagy assays, we hope to encourage technical innovation in the field.
doi:10.4161/auto.19496
PMCID: PMC3404883  PMID: 22966490
LC3; autolysosome; autophagosome; flux; lysosome; phagophore; stress; vacuole
2.  Guidelines for the use and interpretation of assays for monitoring autophagy (3rd edition) 
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Autophagy  2016;12(1):1-222.
doi:10.1080/15548627.2015.1100356
PMCID: PMC4835977  PMID: 26799652
autolysosome; autophagosome; chaperone-mediated autophagy; flux; LC3; lysosome; macroautophagy; phagophore; stress; vacuole
3.  Drosophila Muller F Elements Maintain a Distinct Set of Genomic Properties Over 40 Million Years of Evolution 
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Devin | Stemler, Kristina M. | Throm, Allison A. | Van Camp, Matt | Weihbrecht, Katie | Wiles, T. Aaron | Williams, Mallory A. | Williams, Matthew | Zoll, Kyle | Bailey, Cheryl | Zhou, Leming | Balthaser, Darla M. | Bashiri, Azita | Bower, Mindy E. | Florian, Kayla A. | Ghavam, Nazanin | Greiner-Sosanko, Elizabeth S. | Karim, Helmet | Mullen, Victor W. | Pelchen, Carly E. | Yenerall, Paul M. | Zhang, Jiayu | Rubin, Michael R. | Arias-Mejias, Suzette M. | Bermudez-Capo, Armando G. | Bernal-Vega, Gabriela V. | Colon-Vazquez, Mariela | Flores-Vazquez, Arelys | Gines-Rosario, Mariela | Llavona-Cartagena, Ivan G. | Martinez-Rodriguez, Javier O. | Ortiz-Fuentes, Lionel | Perez-Colomba, Eliezer O. | Perez-Otero, Joseph | Rivera, Elisandra | Rodriguez-Giron, Luke J. | Santiago-Sanabria, Arnaldo J. | Senquiz-Gonzalez, Andrea M. | delValle, Frank R. Soto | Vargas-Franco, Dorianmarie | Velázquez-Soto, Karla I. | Zambrana-Burgos, Joan D. | Martinez-Cruzado, Juan Carlos | Asencio-Zayas, Lillyann | Babilonia-Figueroa, Kevin | Beauchamp-Pérez, Francis D. | Belén-Rodríguez, Juliana | Bracero-Quiñones, Luciann | Burgos-Bula, Andrea P. | Collado-Méndez, Xavier A. | Colón-Cruz, Luis R. | Correa-Muller, Ana I. | Crooke-Rosado, Jonathan L. | Cruz-García, José M. | Defendini-Ávila, Marianna | Delgado-Peraza, Francheska M. | Feliciano-Cancela, Alex J. | Gónzalez-Pérez, Valerie M. | Guiblet, Wilfried | Heredia-Negrón, Aldo | Hernández-Muñiz, Jennifer | Irizarry-González, Lourdes N. | Laboy-Corales, Ángel L. | Llaurador-Caraballo, Gabriela A. | Marín-Maldonado, Frances | Marrero-Llerena, Ulises | Martell-Martínez, Héctor A. | Martínez-Traverso, Idaliz M. | Medina-Ortega, Kiara N. | Méndez-Castellanos, Sonya G. | Menéndez-Serrano, Krizia C. | Morales-Caraballo, Carol I. | Ortiz-DeChoudens, Saryleine | Ortiz-Ortiz, Patricia | Pagán-Torres, Hendrick | Pérez-Afanador, Diana | Quintana-Torres, Enid M. | Ramírez-Aponte, Edwin G. | Riascos-Cuero, Carolina | Rivera-Llovet, Michelle S. | Rivera-Pagán, Ingrid T. | Rivera-Vicéns, Ramón E. | Robles-Juarbe, Fabiola | Rodríguez-Bonilla, Lorraine | Rodríguez-Echevarría, Brian O. | Rodríguez-García, Priscila M. | Rodríguez-Laboy, Abneris E. | Rodríguez-Santiago, Susana | Rojas-Vargas, Michael L. | Rubio-Marrero, Eva N. | Santiago-Colón, Albeliz | Santiago-Ortiz, Jorge L. | Santos-Ramos, Carlos E. | Serrano-González, Joseline | Tamayo-Figueroa, Alina M. | Tascón-Peñaranda, Edna P. | Torres-Castillo, José L. | Valentín-Feliciano, Nelson A. | Valentín-Feliciano, Yashira M. | Vargas-Barreto, Nadyan M. | Vélez-Vázquez, Miguel | Vilanova-Vélez, Luis R. | Zambrana-Echevarría, Cristina | MacKinnon, Christy | Chung, Hui-Min | Kay, Chris | Pinto, Anthony | Kopp, Olga R. | Burkhardt, Joshua | Harward, Chris | Allen, Robert | Bhat, Pavan | Chang, Jimmy Hsiang-Chun | Chen, York | Chesley, Christopher | Cohn, Dara | DuPuis, David | Fasano, Michael | Fazzio, Nicholas | Gavinski, Katherine | Gebreyesus, Heran | Giarla, Thomas | Gostelow, Marcus | Greenstein, Rachel | Gunasinghe, Hashini | Hanson, Casey | Hay, Amanda | He, Tao Jian | Homa, Katie | Howe, Ruth | Howenstein, Jeff | Huang, Henry | Khatri, Aaditya | Kim, Young Lu | Knowles, Olivia | Kong, Sarah | Krock, Rebecca | Kroll, Matt | Kuhn, Julia | Kwong, Matthew | Lee, Brandon | Lee, Ryan | Levine, Kevin | Li, Yedda | Liu, Bo | Liu, Lucy | Liu, Max | Lousararian, Adam | Ma, Jimmy | Mallya, Allyson | Manchee, Charlie | Marcus, Joseph | McDaniel, Stephen | Miller, Michelle L. | Molleston, Jerome M. | Diez, Cristina Montero | Ng, Patrick | Ngai, Natalie | Nguyen, Hien | Nylander, Andrew | Pollack, Jason | Rastogi, Suchita | Reddy, Himabindu | Regenold, Nathaniel | Sarezky, Jon | Schultz, Michael | Shim, Jien | Skorupa, Tara | Smith, Kenneth | Spencer, Sarah J. | Srikanth, Priya | Stancu, Gabriel | Stein, Andrew P. | Strother, Marshall | Sudmeier, Lisa | Sun, Mengyang | Sundaram, Varun | Tazudeen, Noor | Tseng, Alan | Tzeng, Albert | Venkat, Rohit | Venkataram, Sandeep | Waldman, Leah | Wang, Tracy | Yang, Hao | Yu, Jack Y. | Zheng, Yin | Preuss, Mary L. | Garcia, Angelica | Juergens, Matt | Morris, Robert W. | Nagengast, Alexis A. | Azarewicz, Julie | Carr, Thomas J. | Chichearo, Nicole | Colgan, Mike | Donegan, Megan | Gardner, Bob | Kolba, Nik | Krumm, Janice L. | Lytle, Stacey | MacMillian, Laurell | Miller, Mary | Montgomery, Andrew | Moretti, Alysha | Offenbacker, Brittney | Polen, Mike | Toth, John | Woytanowski, John | Kadlec, Lisa | Crawford, Justin | Spratt, Mary L. | Adams, Ashley L. | Barnard, Brianna K. | Cheramie, Martin N. | Eime, Anne M. | Golden, Kathryn L. | Hawkins, Allyson P. | Hill, Jessica E. | Kampmeier, Jessica A. | Kern, Cody D. | Magnuson, Emily E. | Miller, Ashley R. | Morrow, Cody M. | Peairs, Julia C. | Pickett, Gentry L. | Popelka, Sarah A. | Scott, Alexis J. | Teepe, Emily J. | TerMeer, Katie A. | Watchinski, Carmen A. | Watson, Lucas A. | Weber, Rachel E. | Woodard, Kate A. | Barnard, Daron C. | Appiah, Isaac | Giddens, Michelle M. | McNeil, Gerard P. | Adebayo, Adeola | Bagaeva, Kate
G3: Genes|Genomes|Genetics  2015;5(5):719-740.
The Muller F element (4.2 Mb, ~80 protein-coding genes) is an unusual autosome of Drosophila melanogaster; it is mostly heterochromatic with a low recombination rate. To investigate how these properties impact the evolution of repeats and genes, we manually improved the sequence and annotated the genes on the D. erecta, D. mojavensis, and D. grimshawi F elements and euchromatic domains from the Muller D element. We find that F elements have greater transposon density (25–50%) than euchromatic reference regions (3–11%). Among the F elements, D. grimshawi has the lowest transposon density (particularly DINE-1: 2% vs. 11–27%). F element genes have larger coding spans, more coding exons, larger introns, and lower codon bias. Comparison of the Effective Number of Codons with the Codon Adaptation Index shows that, in contrast to the other species, codon bias in D. grimshawi F element genes can be attributed primarily to selection instead of mutational biases, suggesting that density and types of transposons affect the degree of local heterochromatin formation. F element genes have lower estimated DNA melting temperatures than D element genes, potentially facilitating transcription through heterochromatin. Most F element genes (~90%) have remained on that element, but the F element has smaller syntenic blocks than genome averages (3.4–3.6 vs. 8.4–8.8 genes per block), indicating greater rates of inversion despite lower rates of recombination. Overall, the F element has maintained characteristics that are distinct from other autosomes in the Drosophila lineage, illuminating the constraints imposed by a heterochromatic milieu.
doi:10.1534/g3.114.015966
PMCID: PMC4426361  PMID: 25740935
codon bias; evolution of heterochromatin; gene size; melting characteristics; transposons
4.  Proceedings of the American Society for Enhanced Recovery/Evidence Based Peri-Operative Medicine 2016 Annual Congress of Enhanced Recovery and Perioperative Medicine 
Horres, Charles R. | Adam, Mohamed A. | Sun, Zhifei | Thacker, Julie K. | Miller, Timothy J. | Grant, Stuart A. | Huang, Jeffrey | McPherson, Kirstie | Patel, Sanjiv | Ng, Su Cheen | Veelo, Denise | Geerts, Bart | Mythen, Monty | Ng, Su Cheen | Foulger, Mark | Collins, Tim | McPherson, Kirstie | Mythen, Michael | Edwards, Mark | Levett, Denny | Chapman, Tristan | Jones, Imogen Fecher | Smith, Julian | Knight, John | Grocott, Michael | Edwards, Mark | Sharp, Thomas | Jack, Sandy | Armstrong, Tom | Primrose, John | Grocott, Michael | Levett, Denny | King, Adam B. | Higdon, Kye | Bellomy, Melissa | An, Sandy | Jacques, Paul St. | Wanderer, Jon | McEvoy, Matthew | Fabrizio, Anne C. | Grant, Michael C. | Hobson, Deborah | Efron, Jonathan | Gearhart, Susan | Safar, Bashar | Fang, Sandy | Wu, Christopher | Wick, Elizabeth | Darwin, Leanne | Moore, John | Rege, Aparna | Reddy, Jayanth | Irish, William | Zaaroura, Ahmad | Vera, Elizabeth Flores | Vikraman, Deepak | Brennan, Todd | Sudan, Debra | Ravindra, Kadiyala | Watson, Deborah | Shah, Manasee V. | Maiese, Brett A. | Eaddy, Michael T. | Lunacsek, Orsolya | Pham, An | Wan, George J. | McPherson, Kirstie | Keen, Thomas | Mythen, Monty | Stone, Alexander B | Wu, Christopher L. | Wick, Elizabeth C. | Anolik, Rachel A. | Glener, Adam | Hopkins, Thomas J. | Hollenbeck, Scott T. | Thacker, Julie K. Marosky | Hong, Tracey | Bisaillon, Andrea | Black, Peter | So, Alan | Mayson, Kelly | McPherson, Kirstie | Keen, Thomas | Mythen, Monty | King, Adam B. | Forbes, Rachel | Koss, Brad | McGrane, Tracy | Sandberg, Warren S. | Wanderer, Jonathan | McEvoy, Matthew | Shanahan, Patrick | Rohan, John | Chappell, Desirée | Chesher, Carrie | VanderBeek, Susan | Kelly, Rebekah | Daneshmand, Siamak | Bazargani, Soroush T. | Ahmadi, Hamed | Miranda, Gus | Cai, Jie | Schuckman, Anne K. | Djaladat, Hooman | L., Volz | J., Milby | Popoola, Opeyemi | Reid, Tanisha | Mullan, Luciana | Rafizadeh, Mehrdad | Pitera, Richard
Perioperative Medicine  2016;5(Suppl 1):21.
Table of contents
A1 Effects of enhanced recovery pathways on renal function
Charles R. Horres, Mohamed A. Adam, Zhifei Sun, Julie K. Thacker, Timothy J. Miller, Stuart A. Grant
A2 Economic outcomes of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS)
Jeffrey Huang
A3 What does eating, drinking and mobilizing after enhanced recovery surgery really mean?
Kirstie McPherson, Sanjiv Patel, Su Cheen Ng, Denise Veelo, Bart Geerts, Monty Mythen
A4 Intra-operative fluid monitoring practices
Su Cheen Ng, Mark Foulger, Tim Collins, Kirstie McPherson, Michael Mythen
A5 Development of an integrated perioperative medicine care pathway
Mark Edwards, Denny Levett, Tristan Chapman, Imogen Fecher – Jones, Julian Smith, John Knight, Michael Grocott
A6 Cardiopulmonary exercise testing for collaborative decision making prior to major hepatobiliary surgery
Mark Edwards, Thomas Sharp, Sandy Jack, Tom Armstrong, John Primrose, Michael Grocott, Denny Levett
A7 Effect of an enhanced recovery program on length of stay for microvascular breast reconstruction patients
Adam B. King, Kye Higdon, Melissa Bellomy, Sandy An, Paul St. Jacques, Jon Wanderer, Matthew McEvoy
A8 Addressing readmissions associated with an enhanced recovery pathway for colorectal surgery
Anne C. Fabrizio, Michael C. Grant, Deborah Hobson, Jonathan Efron, Susan Gearhart, Bashar Safar, Sandy Fang, Christopher Wu, Elizabeth Wick
A9 The Manchester surgical outcomes project: prevalence of pre operative anaemia and peri operative red cell transfusion rates
Leanne Darwin, John Moore
A10 Preliminary results from a pilot study utilizing ears protocol in living donor nephrectomy
Aparna Rege, Jayanth Reddy, William Irish, Ahmad Zaaroura, Elizabeth Flores Vera, Deepak Vikraman, Todd Brennan, Debra Sudan, Kadiyala Ravindra
A11 Enhanced recovery after surgery: the role of the pathway coordinator
Deborah Watson
A12 Hospitalization costs for patients undergoing orthopedic surgery treated with intravenous acetaminophen (IV-APAP) + IV opioids or IV opioids alone for postoperative pain
Manasee V. Shah, Brett A. Maiese, Michael T. Eaddy, Orsolya Lunacsek, An Pham, George J. Wan
A13 Development of an app for quality improvement in enhanced recovery
Kirstie McPherson, Thomas Keen, Monty Mythen
A14 A clinical rotation in enhanced recovery pathways and evidence based perioperative medicine for medical students
Alexander B Stone, Christopher L. Wu, Elizabeth C. Wick
A15 Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) implementation in abdominal based free flap breast reconstruction
Rachel A. Anolik, Adam Glener, Thomas J. Hopkins, Scott T. Hollenbeck, Julie K. Marosky Thacker
A16 How the implementation of an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol can improve outcomes for patients undergoing cystectomy
Tracey Hong, Andrea Bisaillon, Peter Black, Alan So, Associate Professor, Kelly Mayson
A17 Use of an app to improve patient engagement with enhanced recovery pathways
Kirstie McPherson, Thomas Keen, Monty Mythen
A18 Effect of an enhanced recovery after surgery pathway for living donor nephrectomy patients
Adam B. King, Rachel Forbes, Brad Koss, Tracy McGrane, Warren S. Sandberg, Jonathan Wanderer, Matthew McEvoy
A19 Introduction and implementation of an enhanced recovery program to a general surgery practice in a community hospital
Patrick Shanahan, John Rohan, Desirée Chappell, Carrie Chesher
A20 “Get fit” for surgery: benefits of a prehabilitation clinic for an enhanced recovery program for colorectal surgical patients
Susan VanderBeek, Rebekah Kelly
A21 Evaluation of gastrointestinal complications following radical cystectomy using enhanced recovery protocol
Siamak Daneshmand, Soroush T. Bazargani, Hamed Ahmadi, Gus Miranda, Jie Cai, Anne K. Schuckman, Hooman Djaladat
A22 Impact of a novel diabetic management protocol for carbohydrate loaded patients within an orthopedic ERAS protocol
Volz L, Milby J
A23 Institution of a patient blood management program to decrease blood transfusions in elective knee and hip arthroplasty
Opeyemi Popoola, Tanisha Reid, Luciana Mullan, Mehrdad Rafizadeh, Richard Pitera
doi:10.1186/s13741-016-0045-0
PMCID: PMC5016731
5.  CAG repeat expansion in Huntington disease determines age at onset in a fully dominant fashion 
Lee, J.-M. | Ramos, E.M. | Lee, J.-H. | Gillis, T. | Mysore, J.S. | Hayden, M.R. | Warby, S.C. | Morrison, P. | Nance, M. | Ross, C.A. | Margolis, R.L. | Squitieri, F. | Orobello, S. | Di Donato, S. | Gomez-Tortosa, E. | Ayuso, C. | Suchowersky, O. | Trent, R.J.A. | McCusker, E. | Novelletto, A. | Frontali, M. | Jones, R. | Ashizawa, T. | Frank, S. | Saint-Hilaire, M.H. | Hersch, S.M. | Rosas, H.D. | Lucente, D. | Harrison, M.B. | Zanko, A. | Abramson, R.K. | Marder, K. | Sequeiros, J. | Paulsen, J.S. | Landwehrmeyer, G.B. | Myers, R.H. | MacDonald, M.E. | Gusella, J.F. | Durr, Alexandra | Rosenblatt, Adam | Frati, Luigi | Perlman, Susan | Conneally, Patrick M. | Klimek, Mary Lou | Diggin, Melissa | Hadzi, Tiffany | Duckett, Ayana | Ahmed, Anwar | Allen, Paul | Ames, David | Anderson, Christine | Anderson, Karla | Anderson, Karen | Andrews, Thomasin | Ashburner, John | Axelson, Eric | Aylward, Elizabeth | Barker, Roger A. | Barth, Katrin | Barton, Stacey | Baynes, Kathleen | Bea, Alexandra | Beall, Erik | Beg, Mirza Faisal | Beglinger, Leigh J. | Biglan, Kevin | Bjork, Kristine | Blanchard, Steve | Bockholt, Jeremy | Bommu, Sudharshan Reddy | Brossman, Bradley | Burrows, Maggie | Calhoun, Vince | Carlozzi, Noelle | Chesire, Amy | Chiu, Edmond | Chua, Phyllis | Connell, R.J. | Connor, Carmela | Corey-Bloom, Jody | Craufurd, David | Cross, Stephen | Cysique, Lucette | Santos, Rachelle Dar | Davis, Jennifer | Decolongon, Joji | DiPietro, Anna | Doucette, Nicholas | Downing, Nancy | Dudler, Ann | Dunn, Steve | Ecker, Daniel | Epping, Eric A. | Erickson, Diane | Erwin, Cheryl | Evans, Ken | Factor, Stewart A. | Farias, Sarah | Fatas, Marta | Fiedorowicz, Jess | Fullam, Ruth | Furtado, Sarah | Garde, Monica Bascunana | Gehl, Carissa | Geschwind, Michael D. | Goh, Anita | Gooblar, Jon | Goodman, Anna | Griffith, Jane | Groves, Mark | Guttman, Mark | Hamilton, Joanne | Harrington, Deborah | Harris, Greg | Heaton, Robert K. | Helmer, Karl | Henneberry, Machelle | Hershey, Tamara | Herwig, Kelly | Howard, Elizabeth | Hunter, Christine | Jankovic, Joseph | Johnson, Hans | Johnson, Arik | Jones, Kathy | Juhl, Andrew | Kim, Eun Young | Kimble, Mycah | King, Pamela | Klimek, Mary Lou | Klöppel, Stefan | Koenig, Katherine | Komiti, Angela | Kumar, Rajeev | Langbehn, Douglas | Leavitt, Blair | Leserman, Anne | Lim, Kelvin | Lipe, Hillary | Lowe, Mark | Magnotta, Vincent A. | Mallonee, William M. | Mans, Nicole | Marietta, Jacquie | Marshall, Frederick | Martin, Wayne | Mason, Sarah | Matheson, Kirsty | Matson, Wayne | Mazzoni, Pietro | McDowell, William | Miedzybrodzka, Zosia | Miller, Michael | Mills, James | Miracle, Dawn | Montross, Kelsey | Moore, David | Mori, Sasumu | Moser, David J. | Moskowitz, Carol | Newman, Emily | Nopoulos, Peg | Novak, Marianne | O'Rourke, Justin | Oakes, David | Ondo, William | Orth, Michael | Panegyres, Peter | Pease, Karen | Perlman, Susan | Perlmutter, Joel | Peterson, Asa | Phillips, Michael | Pierson, Ron | Potkin, Steve | Preston, Joy | Quaid, Kimberly | Radtke, Dawn | Rae, Daniela | Rao, Stephen | Raymond, Lynn | Reading, Sarah | Ready, Rebecca | Reece, Christine | Reilmann, Ralf | Reynolds, Norm | Richardson, Kylie | Rickards, Hugh | Ro, Eunyoe | Robinson, Robert | Rodnitzky, Robert | Rogers, Ben | Rosenblatt, Adam | Rosser, Elisabeth | Rosser, Anne | Price, Kathy | Price, Kathy | Ryan, Pat | Salmon, David | Samii, Ali | Schumacher, Jamy | Schumacher, Jessica | Sendon, Jose Luis Lópenz | Shear, Paula | Sheinberg, Alanna | Shpritz, Barnett | Siedlecki, Karen | Simpson, Sheila A. | Singer, Adam | Smith, Jim | Smith, Megan | Smith, Glenn | Snyder, Pete | Song, Allen | Sran, Satwinder | Stephan, Klaas | Stober, Janice | Sü?muth, Sigurd | Suter, Greg | Tabrizi, Sarah | Tempkin, Terry | Testa, Claudia | Thompson, Sean | Thomsen, Teri | Thumma, Kelli | Toga, Arthur | Trautmann, Sonja | Tremont, Geoff | Turner, Jessica | Uc, Ergun | Vaccarino, Anthony | van Duijn, Eric | Van Walsem, Marleen | Vik, Stacie | Vonsattel, Jean Paul | Vuletich, Elizabeth | Warner, Tom | Wasserman, Paula | Wassink, Thomas | Waterman, Elijah | Weaver, Kurt | Weir, David | Welsh, Claire | Werling-Witkoske, Chris | Wesson, Melissa | Westervelt, Holly | Weydt, Patrick | Wheelock, Vicki | Williams, Kent | Williams, Janet | Wodarski, Mary | Wojcieszek, Joanne | Wood, Jessica | Wood-Siverio, Cathy | Wu, Shuhua | Yastrubetskaya, Olga | de Yebenes, Justo Garcia | Zhao, Yong Qiang | Zimbelman, Janice | Zschiegner, Roland | Aaserud, Olaf | Abbruzzese, Giovanni | Andrews, Thomasin | Andrich, Jurgin | Antczak, Jakub | Arran, Natalie | Artiga, Maria J. Saiz | Bachoud-Lévi, Anne-Catherine | Banaszkiewicz, Krysztof | di Poggio, Monica Bandettini | Bandmann, Oliver | Barbera, Miguel A. | Barker, Roger A. | Barrero, Francisco | Barth, Katrin | Bas, Jordi | Beister, Antoine | Bentivoglio, Anna Rita | Bertini, Elisabetta | Biunno, Ida | Bjørgo, Kathrine | Bjørnevoll, Inga | Bohlen, Stefan | Bonelli, Raphael M. | Bos, Reineke | Bourne, Colin | Bradbury, Alyson | Brockie, Peter | Brown, Felicity | Bruno, Stefania | Bryl, Anna | Buck, Andrea | Burg, Sabrina | Burgunder, Jean-Marc | Burns, Peter | Burrows, Liz | Busquets, Nuria | Busse, Monica | Calopa, Matilde | Carruesco, Gemma T. | Casado, Ana Gonzalez | Catena, Judit López | Chu, Carol | Ciesielska, Anna | Clapton, Jackie | Clayton, Carole | Clenaghan, Catherine | Coelho, Miguel | Connemann, Julia | Craufurd, David | Crooks, Jenny | Cubillo, Patricia Trigo | Cubo, Esther | Curtis, Adrienne | De Michele, Giuseppe | De Nicola, A. | de Souza, Jenny | de Weert, A. Marit | de Yébenes, Justo Garcia | Dekker, M. | Descals, A. Martínez | Di Maio, Luigi | Di Pietro, Anna | Dipple, Heather | Dose, Matthias | Dumas, Eve M. | Dunnett, Stephen | Ecker, Daniel | Elifani, F. | Ellison-Rose, Lynda | Elorza, Marina D. | Eschenbach, Carolin | Evans, Carole | Fairtlough, Helen | Fannemel, Madelein | Fasano, Alfonso | Fenollar, Maria | Ferrandes, Giovanna | Ferreira, Jaoquim J. | Fillingham, Kay | Finisterra, Ana Maria | Fisher, K. | Fletcher, Amy | Foster, Jillian | Foustanos, Isabella | Frech, Fernando A. | Fullam, Robert | Fullham, Ruth | Gago, Miguel | García, RocioGarcía-Ramos | García, Socorro S. | Garrett, Carolina | Gellera, Cinzia | Gill, Paul | Ginestroni, Andrea | Golding, Charlotte | Goodman, Anna | Gørvell, Per | Grant, Janet | Griguoli, A. | Gross, Diana | Guedes, Leonor | BascuñanaGuerra, Monica | Guerra, Maria Rosalia | Guerrero, Rosa | Guia, Dolores B. | Guidubaldi, Arianna | Hallam, Caroline | Hamer, Stephanie | Hammer, Kathrin | Handley, Olivia J. | Harding, Alison | Hasholt, Lis | Hedge, Reikha | Heiberg, Arvid | Heinicke, Walburgis | Held, Christine | Hernanz, Laura Casas | Herranhof, Briggitte | Herrera, Carmen Durán | Hidding, Ute | Hiivola, Heli | Hill, Susan | Hjermind, Lena. E. | Hobson, Emma | Hoffmann, Rainer | Holl, Anna Hödl | Howard, Liz | Hunt, Sarah | Huson, Susan | Ialongo, Tamara | Idiago, Jesus Miguel R. | Illmann, Torsten | Jachinska, Katarzyna | Jacopini, Gioia | Jakobsen, Oda | Jamieson, Stuart | Jamrozik, Zygmunt | Janik, Piotr | Johns, Nicola | Jones, Lesley | Jones, Una | Jurgens, Caroline K. | Kaelin, Alain | Kalbarczyk, Anna | Kershaw, Ann | Khalil, Hanan | Kieni, Janina | Klimberg, Aneta | Koivisto, Susana P. | Koppers, Kerstin | Kosinski, Christoph Michael | Krawczyk, Malgorzata | Kremer, Berry | Krysa, Wioletta | Kwiecinski, Hubert | Lahiri, Nayana | Lambeck, Johann | Lange, Herwig | Laver, Fiona | Leenders, K.L. | Levey, Jamie | Leythaeuser, Gabriele | Lezius, Franziska | Llesoy, Joan Roig | Löhle, Matthias | López, Cristobal Diez-Aja | Lorenza, Fortuna | Loria, Giovanna | Magnet, Markus | Mandich, Paola | Marchese, Roberta | Marcinkowski, Jerzy | Mariotti, Caterina | Mariscal, Natividad | Markova, Ivana | Marquard, Ralf | Martikainen, Kirsti | Martínez, Isabel Haro | Martínez-Descals, Asuncion | Martino, T. | Mason, Sarah | McKenzie, Sue | Mechi, Claudia | Mendes, Tiago | Mestre, Tiago | Middleton, Julia | Milkereit, Eva | Miller, Joanne | Miller, Julie | Minster, Sara | Möller, Jens Carsten | Monza, Daniela | Morales, Blas | Moreau, Laura V. | Moreno, Jose L. López-Sendón | Münchau, Alexander | Murch, Ann | Nielsen, Jørgen E. | Niess, Anke | Nørremølle, Anne | Novak, Marianne | O'Donovan, Kristy | Orth, Michael | Otti, Daniela | Owen, Michael | Padieu, Helene | Paganini, Marco | Painold, Annamaria | Päivärinta, Markku | Partington-Jones, Lucy | Paterski, Laurent | Paterson, Nicole | Patino, Dawn | Patton, Michael | Peinemann, Alexander | Peppa, Nadia | Perea, Maria Fuensanta Noguera | Peterson, Maria | Piacentini, Silvia | Piano, Carla | Càrdenas, Regina Pons i | Prehn, Christian | Price, Kathleen | Probst, Daniela | Quarrell, Oliver | Quiroga, Purificacion Pin | Raab, Tina | Rakowicz, Maryla | Raman, Ashok | Raymond, Lucy | Reilmann, Ralf | Reinante, Gema | Reisinger, Karin | Retterstol, Lars | Ribaï, Pascale | Riballo, Antonio V. | Ribas, Guillermo G. | Richter, Sven | Rickards, Hugh | Rinaldi, Carlo | Rissling, Ida | Ritchie, Stuart | Rivera, Susana Vázquez | Robert, Misericordia Floriach | Roca, Elvira | Romano, Silvia | Romoli, Anna Maria | Roos, Raymond A.C. | Røren, Niini | Rose, Sarah | Rosser, Elisabeth | Rosser, Anne | Rossi, Fabiana | Rothery, Jean | Rudzinska, Monika | Ruíz, Pedro J. García | Ruíz, Belan Garzon | Russo, Cinzia Valeria | Ryglewicz, Danuta | Saft, Carston | Salvatore, Elena | Sánchez, Vicenta | Sando, Sigrid Botne | Šašinková, Pavla | Sass, Christian | Scheibl, Monika | Schiefer, Johannes | Schlangen, Christiane | Schmidt, Simone | Schöggl, Helmut | Schrenk, Caroline | Schüpbach, Michael | Schuierer, Michele | Sebastián, Ana Rojo | Selimbegovic-Turkovic, Amina | Sempolowicz, Justyna | Silva, Mark | Sitek, Emilia | Slawek, Jaroslaw | Snowden, Julie | Soleti, Francesco | Soliveri, Paola | Sollom, Andrea | Soltan, Witold | Sorbi, Sandro | Sorensen, Sven Asger | Spadaro, Maria | Städtler, Michael | Stamm, Christiane | Steiner, Tanja | Stokholm, Jette | Stokke, Bodil | Stopford, Cheryl | Storch, Alexander | Straßburger, Katrin | Stubbe, Lars | Sulek, Anna | Szczudlik, Andrzej | Tabrizi, Sarah | Taylor, Rachel | Terol, Santiago Duran-Sindreu | Thomas, Gareth | Thompson, Jennifer | Thomson, Aileen | Tidswell, Katherine | Torres, Maria M. Antequera | Toscano, Jean | Townhill, Jenny | Trautmann, Sonja | Tucci, Tecla | Tuuha, Katri | Uhrova, Tereza | Valadas, Anabela | van Hout, Monique S.E. | van Oostrom, J.C.H. | van Vugt, Jeroen P.P. | vanm, Walsem Marleen R. | Vandenberghe, Wim | Verellen-Dumoulin, Christine | Vergara, Mar Ruiz | Verstappen, C.C.P. | Verstraelen, Nichola | Viladrich, Celia Mareca | Villanueva, Clara | Wahlström, Jan | Warner, Thomas | Wehus, Raghild | Weindl, Adolf | Werner, Cornelius J. | Westmoreland, Leann | Weydt, Patrick | Wiedemann, Alexandra | Wild, Edward | Wild, Sue | Witjes-Ané, Marie-Noelle | Witkowski, Grzegorz | Wójcik, Magdalena | Wolz, Martin | Wolz, Annett | Wright, Jan | Yardumian, Pam | Yates, Shona | Yudina, Elizaveta | Zaremba, Jacek | Zaugg, Sabine W. | Zdzienicka, Elzbieta | Zielonka, Daniel | Zielonka, Euginiusz | Zinzi, Paola | Zittel, Simone | Zucker, Birgrit | Adams, John | Agarwal, Pinky | Antonijevic, Irina | Beck, Christopher | Chiu, Edmond | Churchyard, Andrew | Colcher, Amy | Corey-Bloom, Jody | Dorsey, Ray | Drazinic, Carolyn | Dubinsky, Richard | Duff, Kevin | Factor, Stewart | Foroud, Tatiana | Furtado, Sarah | Giuliano, Joe | Greenamyre, Timothy | Higgins, Don | Jankovic, Joseph | Jennings, Dana | Kang, Un Jung | Kostyk, Sandra | Kumar, Rajeev | Leavitt, Blair | LeDoux, Mark | Mallonee, William | Marshall, Frederick | Mohlo, Eric | Morgan, John | Oakes, David | Panegyres, Peter | Panisset, Michel | Perlman, Susan | Perlmutter, Joel | Quaid, Kimberly | Raymond, Lynn | Revilla, Fredy | Robertson, Suzanne | Robottom, Bradley | Sanchez-Ramos, Juan | Scott, Burton | Shannon, Kathleen | Shoulson, Ira | Singer, Carlos | Tabbal, Samer | Testa, Claudia | van, Kammen Dan | Vetter, Louise | Walker, Francis | Warner, John | Weiner, illiam | Wheelock, Vicki | Yastrubetskaya, Olga | Barton, Stacey | Broyles, Janice | Clouse, Ronda | Coleman, Allison | Davis, Robert | Decolongon, Joji | DeLaRosa, Jeanene | Deuel, Lisa | Dietrich, Susan | Dubinsky, Hilary | Eaton, Ken | Erickson, Diane | Fitzpatrick, Mary Jane | Frucht, Steven | Gartner, Maureen | Goldstein, Jody | Griffith, Jane | Hickey, Charlyne | Hunt, Victoria | Jaglin, Jeana | Klimek, Mary Lou | Lindsay, Pat | Louis, Elan | Loy, Clemet | Lucarelli, Nancy | Malarick, Keith | Martin, Amanda | McInnis, Robert | Moskowitz, Carol | Muratori, Lisa | Nucifora, Frederick | O'Neill, Christine | Palao, Alicia | Peavy, Guerry | Quesada, Monica | Schmidt, Amy | Segro, Vicki | Sperin, Elaine | Suter, Greg | Tanev, Kalo | Tempkin, Teresa | Thiede, Curtis | Wasserman, Paula | Welsh, Claire | Wesson, Melissa | Zauber, Elizabeth
Neurology  2012;78(10):690-695.
Objective:
Age at onset of diagnostic motor manifestations in Huntington disease (HD) is strongly correlated with an expanded CAG trinucleotide repeat. The length of the normal CAG repeat allele has been reported also to influence age at onset, in interaction with the expanded allele. Due to profound implications for disease mechanism and modification, we tested whether the normal allele, interaction between the expanded and normal alleles, or presence of a second expanded allele affects age at onset of HD motor signs.
Methods:
We modeled natural log-transformed age at onset as a function of CAG repeat lengths of expanded and normal alleles and their interaction by linear regression.
Results:
An apparently significant effect of interaction on age at motor onset among 4,068 subjects was dependent on a single outlier data point. A rigorous statistical analysis with a well-behaved dataset that conformed to the fundamental assumptions of linear regression (e.g., constant variance and normally distributed error) revealed significance only for the expanded CAG repeat, with no effect of the normal CAG repeat. Ten subjects with 2 expanded alleles showed an age at motor onset consistent with the length of the larger expanded allele.
Conclusions:
Normal allele CAG length, interaction between expanded and normal alleles, and presence of a second expanded allele do not influence age at onset of motor manifestations, indicating that the rate of HD pathogenesis leading to motor diagnosis is determined by a completely dominant action of the longest expanded allele and as yet unidentified genetic or environmental factors. Neurology® 2012;78:690–695
doi:10.1212/WNL.0b013e318249f683
PMCID: PMC3306163  PMID: 22323755
6.  31st Annual Meeting and Associated Programs of the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC 2016): late breaking abstracts 
Althammer, Sonja | Steele, Keith | Rebelatto, Marlon | Tan, Tze Heng | Wiestler, Tobias | Schmidt, Guenter | Higgs, Brandon | Li, Xia | Shi, Li | Jin, Xiaoping | Antal, Joyce | Gupta, Ashok | Ranade, Koustubh | Binning, Gerd | Bellmunt, Joaquim | de Wit, Ronald | Vaughn, David J. | Fradet, Yves | Lee, Jae Lyun | Fong, Lawrence | Vogelzang, Nicholas J. | Climent, Miguel A. | Petrylak, Daniel P. | Choueiri, Toni K. | Necchi, Andrea | Gerritsen, Winald | Gurney, Howard | Quinn, David I. | Culine, Stéphane | Sternberg, Cora N. | Mai, Yabing | Puhlmann, Markus | Perini, Rodolfo F. | Bajorin, Dean F. | Sharma, Padmanee | Callahan, Margaret K. | Calvo, Emiliano | Kim, Joseph W. | de Braud, Filipo | Ott, Patrick A. | Bono, Petri | Pillai, Rathi N. | Morse, Michael | Le, Dung T. | Taylor, Matthew | Spilliopoulou, Pavlina | Bendell, Johanna | Jaeger, Dirk | Chan, Emily | Antonia, Scott J. | Ascierto, Paolo A. | Hennicken, Delphine | Tschaika, Marina | Azrilevich, Alex | Rosenberg, Jonathan | Levy, Ofer | Chan, Christopher | Cojocaru, Gady | Liang, Spencer | Ophir, Eran | Ganguly, Sudipto | Toporik, Amir | Kotturi, Maya | Kfir, Tal Fridman | Murter, Benjamin M. | Logronio, Kathryn | Dassa, Liat | Leung, Ling | Greenwald, Shirley | Azulay, Meir | Kumar, Sandeep | Alteber, Zoya | Pan, Xiaoyu | Machlenkin, Arthur | Benita, Yair | Drake, Andrew W. | Chajut, Ayelet | Salomon, Ran | Vankin, Ilan | Safyon, Einav | Hunter, John | Levine, Zurit | White, Mark | Leidner, Rom | Kang, Hyunseok | Haddad, Robert | Segal, Neil H. | Wirth, Lori J. | Ferris, Robert L. | Hodi, F. Stephen | Sanborn, Rachel E. | Gajewski, Thomas F. | Sharfman, William | McDonald, Dan | Srivastava, Shivani | Gu, Xuemin | Phillips, Penny | Passey, Chaitali | Seiwert, Tanguy | Habtetsion, Tsadik | Zhou, Gang | Sakellariou-Thompson, Donastas | Haymaker, Cara | Creasy, Caitlin | Hurd, Mark | Uraoka, Naohiro | Canales, Jaime Rodriguez | Koptez, Scott | Hwu, Patrick | Maitra, Anirban | Bernatchez, Chantale | Coyle, Scott M. | Roybel, Kole T. | Rupp, Levi J. | Santoro, Stephen P. | Secrest, Stephanie | Spelman, Michael | Ho, Hanson | Gomes, Tina | Tse, Tiffany | Yung-Wu, Chia | Taunton, Jack | Lim, Wendell | Emtage, Peter | Moudgil, Tarsem | Ballesteros-Merino, Carmen | Hilton, Traci | Paustian, Christopher | Leidner, Rom | Page, David | Urba, Walter | Fox, Bernard | Bell, Bryan | Patel, Ashish | Olafsen, Tove | Satpayev, Daulet | Torgov, Michael | Marchioni, Filippo | Romero, Jason | Jiang, Ziyue Karen | Zamilpa, Charles | Keppler, Jennifer S. | Mascioni, Alessandro | Jia, Fang | Lee, Chen-Yu | Gudas, Jean | Sullivan, Ryan J. | Hoshida, Yujin | Logan, Theodore | Khushalani, Nikhil | Giobbie-Hurder, Anita | Margolin, Kim | Roder, Joanna | Bhatt, Rupal | Koon, Henry | Olencki, Thomas | Hutson, Thomas | Curti, Brendan | Blackmon, Shauna | Mier, James W. | Puzanov, Igor | Roder, Heinrich | Stewart, John | Amin, Asim | Ernstoff, Marc S. | Clark, Joseph I. | Atkins, Michael B. | Kaufman, Howard L. | Sosman, Jeffrey | Signoretti, Sabina | McDermott, David F. | Anderson, Abraham A. | Puzanov, Igor | Milhem, Mohammed M. | Andtbacka, Robert H. I. | Minor, David | Gorski, Kevin S. | Baker, Daniel M. | Hamid, Omid | Kaufman, Howard L. | Akporiaye, Emmanuel | Curti, Brendan | Koguchi, Yoshinobu | Leidner, Rom | Sutcliffe, Kim | Conder, Kristie | Urba, Walter | Marron, Thomas | Bhardwaj, Nina | Hammerich, Linda | George, Fiby | Kim-Schulze, Seunghee | Keler, Tibor | Davis, Tom | Crowley, Elizabeth | Salazar, Andres | Brody, Joshua | Monjazeb, Arta | Daly, Megan E. | Riess, Jonathan | Li, Tianhong | Murphy, William J. | Kelly, Karen | Hu, Zhiwei | Shen, Rulong | Campbell, Amanda | McMichael, Elizabeth | Yu, Lianbo | Ramaswam, Bhuvaneswari | London, Cheryl A. | Xu, Tian | Carson, William | Kokolus, Kathleen M. | Repasky, Elizabeth A. | Schell, Todd D. | Drabick, Joseph D. | Messenheimer, David J. | Jensen, Shawn | Fox, Bernard | Rubinstein, Mark | Andrijauskaite, Kristina | Swiderska-syn, Marzena | Lind, Kristin | Choppin, Agnes | Roell, Marina K. | Wrangle, John | Andrijauskaite, Kristina | Swiderska-syn, Marzena | Rhode, Peter | Wong, Hing | Rubinstein, Mark | Ahmad, Shamim | Webb, Mason | Abu-Eid, Rasha | Shrimali, Rajeev | Verma, Vivek | Doroodchi, Atbin | Berrong, Zuzana | Yashar, David | Samara, Raed | Mkrtichyan, Mikayel | Khleif, Samir | Powell, Steven | Gitau, Mark | Sumey, Christopher | Terrell, Andrew | Lohr, Michele | Nowak, Ryan K. | McGraw, Steven | Jensen, Ash | Blanchard, Miran | Gold, Kathryn A. | Cohen, Ezra E. W. | Ellison, Christie | Black, Lora | Lee, John | Spanos, William Chad | Wennerberg, Erik | Schwitzer, Emily | Lhuillier, Claire | Koelwyn, Graeme | Hiner, Rebecca | Jones, Lee | Demaria, Sandra | Amanda, Vandeveer | Greiner, John W. | Schlom, Jeffrey | Bookstaver, Michelle | Jewell, Christopher M. | Paustian, Christopher | Gunderson, Andrew | Boulmay, Brian | Li, Rui | Spieler, Bradley | Happel, Kyle | Moudgil, Tarsem | Feng, Zipei | Ballesteros-Merino, Carmen | Dubay, Christopher | Fisher, Brenda | Koguchi, Yoshinobu | Aung, Sandra | Mederos, Eileen | Bifulco, Carlo B. | McNamara, Michael | Bahjat, Keith | Redmond, William | Ochoa, Augusto | Hu, Hong-Ming | Mehta, Adi | Lund-Johansen, Fridtjof | Fox, Bernard | Urba, Walter | Sanborn, Rachel E. | Hilton, Traci | Bedu-Addo, Frank | Conn, Greg | King, Michael | Dutta, Panna | Shepard, Robert | Einstein, Mark | Adams, Sylvia | Wang, Ena | Jin, Ping | Novik, Yelena | Morrison, Debra | Oratz, Ruth | Marincola, Franco M. | Stroncek, David | Goldberg, Judith | Demaria, Sandra | Formenti, Silvia C. | Galon, Jérôme | Mlecnik, Bernhard | Marliot, Florence | Ou, Fang-Shu | Bifulco, Carlo B. | Lugli, Alessandro | Zlobec, Inti | Rau, Tilman T. | Nagtegaal, Iris D. | Vink-Borger, Elisa | Hartmann, Arndt | Geppert, Carol | Roehrl, Michael H. | Bavi, Prashant | Ohashi, Pamela S. | Wang, Julia Y. | Nguyen, Linh T. | Han, SeongJun | MacGregor, Heather L. | Hafezi-Bakhtiari, Sara | Wouters, Bradley G. | Kawakami, Yutaka | Papivanova, Boryana | Xu, Mingli | Fujita, Tomonobu | Hazama, Shoichi | Suzuki, Nobuaki | Nagano, Hiroaki | Okuno, Kiyotaka | Itoh, Kyogo | Zavadova, Eva | Vocka, Michal | Spacek, Jan | Petruzelka, Lubos | Konopasek, Bohuslav | Dundr, Pavel | Skalova, Helena | Torigoe, Toshihiko | Sato, Noriyuki | Furuhata, Tomohisa | Takemasa, Ichiro | Van den Eynde, Marc | Jouret-Mourin, Anne | Machiels, Jean-Pascal | Fredriksen, Tessa | Lafontaine, Lucie | Buttard, Bénédicte | Church, Sarah | Maby, Pauline | Angell, Helen | Angelova, Mihaela | Vasaturo, Angela | Bindea, Gabriela | Berger, Anne | Lagorce, Christine | Patel, Prabhu S. | Vora, Hemangini H. | Shah, Birva | Patel, Jayendrakumar B. | Rajvik, Kruti N. | Pandya, Shashank J. | Shukla, Shilin N. | Wang, Yili | Zhang, Guanjun | Masucci, Giuseppe V. | Andersson, Emilia K. | Grizzi, Fabio | Laghi, Luigi | Botti, Gerardo | Tatangelo, Fabiana | Delrio, Paolo | Cilberto, Gennaro | Ascierto, Paolo A. | Marincola, Franco | Sargent, Daniel J. | Fox, Bernard A. | Algazi, Alain | Tsai, Katy | Rosenblum, Michael | Nandoskar, Prachi | Andtbacka, Robert H. I. | Li, Amy | Nonomura, John | Takamura, Kathryn | Dwyer, Mary | Browning, Erica | Talia, Reneta | Twitty, Chris | Gargosky, Sharron | Campbell, Jean | Ballesteros-Merino, Carmen | Bifulco, Carlo B. | Fox, Bernard | Le, Mai | Pierce, Robert H. | Daud, Adil | Gartrell, Robyn | Marks, Douglas | Stack, Edward | Lu, Yan | Izaki, Daisuke | Beck, Kristen | Jia, Dan Tong | Armenta, Paul | White-Stern, Ashley | Fu, Yichun | Blake, Zoe | Kaufman, Howard L. | Taback, Bret | Horst, Basil | Saenger, Yvonne M. | Leonardo, Steven | Gorden, Keith | Fulton, Ross B. | Fraser, Kathryn | Kangas, Takashi O. | Walsh, Richard | Ertelt, Kathleen | Graff, Jeremy | Uhlik, Mark | Sims, Jennifer S. | Lei, Liang | Tsujiuchi, Takashi | Bruce, Jeffrey N. | Canoll, Peter | Tolcher, Anthony W | Alley, Evan W | Chichili, Gurunadh | Canoll, Jan E | Moore, Paul | Bonvini, Ezio | Johnson, Syd | Shankar, Sadhna | Vasselli, James | Wigginton, Jon | Powderly, John
doi:10.1186/s40425-016-0191-4
PMCID: PMC5260784
7.  Proceedings of the 8th Annual Conference on the Science of Dissemination and Implementation 
Chambers, David | Simpson, Lisa | Hill-Briggs, Felicia | Neta, Gila | Vinson, Cynthia | Chambers, David | Beidas, Rinad | Marcus, Steven | Aarons, Gregory | Hoagwood, Kimberly | Schoenwald, Sonja | Evans, Arthur | Hurford, Matthew | Rubin, Ronnie | Hadley, Trevor | Barg, Frances | Walsh, Lucia | Adams, Danielle | Mandell, David | Martin, Lindsey | Mignogna, Joseph | Mott, Juliette | Hundt, Natalie | Kauth, Michael | Kunik, Mark | Naik, Aanand | Cully, Jeffrey | McGuire, Alan | White, Dominique | Bartholomew, Tom | McGrew, John | Luther, Lauren | Rollins, Angie | Salyers, Michelle | Cooper, Brittany | Funaiole, Angie | Richards, Julie | Lee, Amy | Lapham, Gwen | Caldeiro, Ryan | Lozano, Paula | Gildred, Tory | Achtmeyer, Carol | Ludman, Evette | Addis, Megan | Marx, Larry | Bradley, Katharine | VanDeinse, Tonya | Wilson, Amy Blank | Stacey, Burgin | Powell, Byron | Bunger, Alicia | Cuddeback, Gary | Barnett, Miya | Stadnick, Nicole | Brookman-Frazee, Lauren | Lau, Anna | Dorsey, Shannon | Pullmann, Michael | Mitchell, Shannon | Schwartz, Robert | Kirk, Arethusa | Dusek, Kristi | Oros, Marla | Hosler, Colleen | Gryczynski, Jan | Barbosa, Carolina | Dunlap, Laura | Lounsbury, David | O’Grady, Kevin | Brown, Barry | Damschroder, Laura | Waltz, Thomas | Powell, Byron | Ritchie, Mona | Waltz, Thomas | Atkins, David | Imel, Zac E. | Xiao, Bo | Can, Doğan | Georgiou, Panayiotis | Narayanan, Shrikanth | Berkel, Cady | Gallo, Carlos | Sandler, Irwin | Brown, C. Hendricks | Wolchik, Sharlene | Mauricio, Anne Marie | Gallo, Carlos | Brown, C. Hendricks | Mehrotra, Sanjay | Chandurkar, Dharmendra | Bora, Siddhartha | Das, Arup | Tripathi, Anand | Saggurti, Niranjan | Raj, Anita | Hughes, Eric | Jacobs, Brian | Kirkendall, Eric | Loeb, Danielle | Trinkley, Katy | Yang, Michael | Sprowell, Andrew | Nease, Donald | Lyon, Aaron | Lewis, Cara | Boyd, Meredith | Melvin, Abigail | Nicodimos, Semret | Liu, Freda | Jungbluth, Nathanial | Lyon, Aaron | Lewis, Cara | Boyd, Meredith | Melvin, Abigail | Nicodimos, Semret | Liu, Freda | Jungbluth, Nathanial | Flynn, Allen | Landis-Lewis, Zach | Sales, Anne | Baloh, Jure | Ward, Marcia | Zhu, Xi | Bennett, Ian | Unutzer, Jurgen | Mao, Johnny | Proctor, Enola | Vredevoogd, Mindy | Chan, Ya-Fen | Williams, Nathaniel | Green, Phillip | Bernstein, Steven | Rosner, June-Marie | DeWitt, Michelle | Tetrault, Jeanette | Dziura, James | Hsiao, Allen | Sussman, Scott | O’Connor, Patrick | Toll, Benjamin | Jones, Michael | Gassaway, Julie | Tobin, Jonathan | Zatzick, Douglas | Bradbury, Angela R. | Patrick-Miller, Linda | Egleston, Brian | Olopade, Olufunmilayo I. | Hall, Michael J. | Daly, Mary B. | Fleisher, Linda | Grana, Generosa | Ganschow, Pamela | Fetzer, Dominique | Brandt, Amanda | Farengo-Clark, Dana |