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1.  Training at the postgraduate level for medical librarians: a review. 
Postgraduate education for medical librarians is approachable from several perspectives, including internships, certificate programs, and continuing education programs. The diverse population of medical library personnel calls for a varied yet coordinated system of postgraduate education involving the Medical Library Association, regional medical libraries, library schools, and the National Library of Medical, in addition to active participation by all librarians in the health sciences field. Basic philosophies for each of the major types of programs are discussed and recommendations for future training of health sciences librarians are provided.
PMCID: PMC226881  PMID: 371722
2.  New library buildings: the Health Sciences Library, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's. 
The new Health Sciences Library of Memorial University of Newfoundland is described and illustrated. A library facility that forms part of a larger health sciences center, this is a medium-sized academic health sciences library built on a single level. Along with a physical description of the library and its features, the concepts of single-level libraries, phased occupancy, and the project management approach to building a large health center library are discussed in detail.
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PMCID: PMC226936  PMID: 476319
3.  Continuing education and library services for physicians in office practice. 
A program is described which incorporates library services into continuing medical education for physicians. The educational service is based on the actual needs of the physician rather than on his perceived needs. The needs assessment is accomplished by reviewing drug-prescribing habits. Current medical literature is then selected for the physician to coincide with his unique educational needs. The program is further designed to evaluate the change in the physician's drug-prescribing habits as a result of his study of the literature received.
PMCID: PMC226951  PMID: 486820
4.  MLA Certification by examination under the 1964 code: a survey of 1975-1976 participants. 
The increased attention being given to an examination in the Medical Library Association certification process prompted a study of a group taking the examination under the old (1964 revision) code. Completed questionnaires were received from fifty-three of the sixty-five persons who took the examination in 1975 and 1976. Backgrounds of individuals varied, especially in years of experience. The majority of those responding had worked in both health sciences and other libraries. Experience in health sciences libraries was reported by 92% of those replying. A number of reasons for seeking MLA certification were given. Problems in being able to take MLA-approved courses prompted the choice of the examination process. Preparation for the examination was chiefly by self-directed study. Continuing education courses were considered as of greater value for professional development than as help on the examination. The examination was rated "moderately difficult" by 57% of those responding. Opinions were expressed on the skills and areas of expertise which were considered by this group to be important in an examination for professional competence.
PMCID: PMC226909  PMID: 465837
5.  Medical school graduates' retrospective evaluation of a clinical medical librarian program. 
This paper reports on the results of a survey of sixty-six graduates of the University of Missouri-Kansas City (UMKC) School of Medicine conducted in the spring of 1977. The graduates were questioned about their present library use behavior and their restrospective perceptions of the clinical medical librarian (CML) services which they received as medical students at UMKC. The results show that these young physicians, after regular association with other, more tradional medical library services, hold very positive impressions of the CML program. The graduates also typically credit the CML'S with helping them to learn to use library resources effectively. These retrospective perceptions of the CML match the short-term benefits reported in other studies of similar programs.
PMCID: PMC226935  PMID: 476318
6.  The implementation of a large-scale self-instructional course in medical information resources. 
The implementation of library orientation and bibliographic instruction in health sciences centers presents some interesting as well as perplexing problems. The Rowland Medical Library at The University of Mississippi Medical Center had to confront and reexamine these problems when faced with the requirement to teach 298 freshman and sophomore medical students in one ten-week quarter. This paper outlines the development and implementation of a large-scale self-instructional approach to library instruction. The package consisted of an audiotape, a videotape, a written program, self-teaching quizzes, a performance test, and a student evaluation. Performance test results and student evaluation data are presented which indicate that this format can successfully be employed to meet course objectives and to be accepted by students.
PMCID: PMC226934  PMID: 89878
7.  The development and evaluation of a small ready-reference library collection for a rural practice: a case study. 
A demonstration core collection of twenty-four ready-reference sources and five journals was selected cooperatively by a solo practitioner in rural Menifee County, Kentucky, and the University of Kentucky Medical Center Library Field Librarian to fit the ready-reference and current awareness information needs of a primary care solo rural practice in eastern Kentucky. The collection selections were systematically assessed by the physician to determine their utility in filling the practitioner's information needs with regard to his particular situation in terms of medical experience and level of training, available library and educational resources, and the type of health problems seen in his practice. This assessment showed that the Rural Demonstration Library Collection completely filled the information needs of the physician 66% of the time materials were consulted and filled his immediate information needs either completely or partially 82% of the time the collection was searched. This demonstration has shown that, under a specific set of circumstances, a librarian and a solo rural practitioner can effectively work together in identifying health sciences materials which fit the information needs of a solo rural practitioner. It suggests that cooperation between a librarian and a physician is important in meeting information needs.
PMCID: PMC226906  PMID: 465835
8.  Comparison of holdings of NLM (CATLINE) with those of resource libraries. 
The collection development practices of the National Library of Medicine (NLM), with the goal of comprehensive acquisition of biomedical monographs, are compared with those of the resource libraries of the TALON (Region IX) Regional Medical Library. Holdings of two resource libraries in the TALON region, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio and The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, and of the TALON Union Catalog of Monographs were compared with the NLM CATLINE data base for four subject classes and selected imprint years. Foreign-language coverage is lacking in Region IX, with English-language coverage is lacking in Region IX, with English-language coverage ranging between 70 and 88% of titles listed in CATLINE. Absent English-language material tends to be ephemeral or otherwise out of scope for the resource libraries. Between 7.1 and 18.8% of monographs acquired in each subject class by the two recource libraries are lacking in CATLINE; this represents between 2 and 8% of the CATLINE titles for each class.
PMCID: PMC226878  PMID: 427286
9.  Library School Education for Medical Librarianship * 
This paper reviews the current situation in library school education for medical librarianship in the United States and Canada based on information from a questionnaire sent to teachers of courses in medical librarianship in accredited library schools. Since 1939, when the first course devoted entirely to medical librarianship was offered at Columbia University, courses have been introduced into the curricula of at least forty-seven of the ALA-accredited library schools. In 1978 there were seventy courses available through forty-seven library schools. Possibilities for specialization in medical librarianship are examined. Course content is reviewed. Implications of the MLA certification examination for library school courses are explored.
PMCID: PMC226952  PMID: 385086
11.  A regional cooperative acquisition program for monographs. 
A cooperative acquisition program for monographs for the twelve resource libraries in Region IX of the Regional Medical Library Network is described. Each of the participating libraries has agreed to purchase all books of an assigned publisher which fall within a prescribed subject-format profile. It is hoped that this will help to reduce unnecessary duplication and contribute toward the development of resources in the region.
PMCID: PMC226933  PMID: 476317
12.  Core lists of medical journals: a comparison. 
Five core lists of medical journals are compared with respect to size, intended users, and content. Despite variations in scope and depth, there is significant agreement among the lists. A list of the seventy-two titles appearing on four or all of the five lists is appended. There is no clear relationship between frequency of inclusion in these core lists and citation frequency as reported in Journal Citation Reports.
PMCID: PMC226905  PMID: 380696
13.  President's Page 
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PMCID: PMC226918  PMID: 16017764
14.  Library development and the joint commission on accreditation of hospitals standards. 
The author traces the historical development of standards for library services prepared by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals, emphasizing those elements of the present standards that auger well for the development of libraries in hospitals. Then examined are the role of librarians and new roles for libraries, stressing sound management practices that ensure continued development.
PMCID: PMC226907  PMID: 288490
15.  Searching the MEDLARS file on NLM and BRS a comparative study. 
A comparison of the MEDLARS data base as it is currently available from the National Library of Medicine and Bibliographic Retrieval Services (BRS), Inc., is presented in chart format, and some major capability differences between the two systems are highlighted. The information inlcuded justifies the dual availability of the data base in health sciences libraries. This paper is intended for searchers and others familiar with one or both systems. Administrators considering the acquisition of the BRS system may find the study useful.
PMCID: PMC226877  PMID: 371721
16.  New library buildings: Bracken Library, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada. 
A brief sketch is given of the past history and present functions of the Bracken Library. Architectural and decorative features of the new library are described.
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PMCID: PMC226956  PMID: 486823
17.  Profile, data, and management of two learning resource centers, 1970--1978. 
Eight years' data have been collected in the operation of learning resource centers (LRCs) for medical and dental students at the Medical College of Virginia Campus, Virginia Commonwealth University. Data present evidence of high utilization of facilities and materials, including the successful use of small group cluster carrels. Management concepts and strategies to account for the data are identified and the LRC profile discussed for an understanding of how the strategies are implemented. These management concepts--responsiveness to students, interaction with faculty, and delivery of coordinated service--are transferable to other institutions and serve as guidlines for efficient management of LRC space, staff, equipment, and acquisition in support of medical and dental school curricula.
PMCID: PMC226954  PMID: 486822
18.  Results-oriented management though MBO. 
Management by Objectives (MBO) as it has been implemented in the Houston Academy of Medicine--Texas Medical Center Library is described. That MBO must be a total management system and not just another library program is emphasized throughout the discussion and definitions of the MBO system parts: (1) mission statement; (2) role functions; (3) role relationships; (4) effectiveness areas; (5) objective; (6) action plans; and (7) performance review and evaluation. Examples from the library's implementation are given within the discussion of each part to give the reader a clearer picture of the library's actual experiences with the MBO process. Tables are included for further clarification. In conclusion some points are made which the author feels are particularly crucial to any library MBO implementation.
PMCID: PMC226932  PMID: 476316
20.  Classification of support staff in a consortium medical library: a case study. 
A representative committee of Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library staff and faculty, under the direction of the library administration, successfully redesigned a job classification system for the library's nonprofessional staff. In the new system all nonprofessionals are assigned to one of five grade levels, each with a corresponding salary range. To determine its appropriate grade level each job is analyzed and assigned a numerical value using a point system based on a set of five factors, each of which is assigned a relative number of points. The factors used to measure jobs are: education and experience, complexity of work, administrative accountability, manual skill, and contact with users. Each factor is described according to degrees, so that a job can be given partial credit for a factor. An advisory staff classification committee now participates in the ongoing administration of the classification system.
PMCID: PMC226908  PMID: 465836
22.  Residency selection process: description and annotated bibliography. 
Specialty and residency training choices of medical students will affect the quality, mode, and geographic location of their future practice; the importance of such choices should not be underestimated. Medical school librarians have largely ignored the opportunity to interact with both medical students and medical school officials in providing sources needed to assist these career decisions, and for the most part students and administrators have ignored the opportunity to utilize the medical library in this process. This article presents an overview of the processes and procedures in which third- and fourth-year medical students are involved in selecting specialty and residency training, and provides a detailed description of the resources which the medical student should consult in order to make thoughtful, informed career decisions. The article urges medical school advisers and medical librarians to work as partners in providing information on specialty and residency selection to medical students.
PMCID: PMC226955  PMID: 385087
23.  Cooperation strengthens small hospital libraries in a rural area of New England: a five-year experience. 
Before 1970, library facilities and services at the small hospitals in rural Vermont were essentially nonexistent. Similar findings were later encountered along the Connecticut River in New Hampshire and in a small area of upstate New York. The Hospital Library Development Services program was established at the University of Vermont's Dana Medical Library to improve these conditions. Financial assistance was received from the National Library of Medicine, and by the end of 1974, thirty-three hospitals had staffed libraries. Earlier that year it has been decided to begin emphasing cooperation among the developing libraries, including the production of union lists and regular meetings of staff members from geographically proximate hospital libaries to plan and implement various activities. An additional one-year award from NLM was received in 1975. Results achieved during and after the period of grant support are reported. Cooperation among hospital libraries is seen as a feasible and beneficial undertaking provided that the participating libraries are internally supported and developing.
PMCID: PMC226937  PMID: 476320
25.  Books Received 
PMCID: PMC226925

Results 1-25 (86)