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1.  JCAH accreditation and the hospital library: a guide for librarians. 
The continuing effort to develop standards for libraries in health care institutions has resulted in the creation of two broad groups of standards: (1) quantitative and specific, and (2) qualitative and flexible. The library standards of the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals (JCAH), a major example of the second type, were revised and expanded considerably in 1978, bringing them into line with standards for other hospital departments. Possible areas of unclarity or difficulty for the librarian in complying with the revised JCAH standards are discussed, including those relating to staffing, consultants, library technicians, analysis of resources, assessment of needs, documentation, policies and procedures manuals, and the library committee. The JCAH site visit, including preparation of the Hospital Survey Profile, gathering information for the surveyor, and the summary conference, offers opportunities to librarians to participate in an institution-wide effort, to upgrade management practices, and to demonstrate the need for, and effectiveness of, library services in their hospitals.
PMCID: PMC226478  PMID: 6928793
2.  The effect of inflation on the cost of journals on the Brandon list. 
A study of the increases over the past twenty years in the cost of the journals included in the 1977 Brandon list was conducted. This information is compared to the general U.S. rate of inflation for the same period as represented by the consumer price index. Results indicate that the Brandon list journal's prices have been increasing at a significantly higher rate than the general rate of inflation for this period. This information should be useful to the hospital librarian who must justify to administrators the need for increased funding beyond the general rate of inflation.
PMCID: PMC226413  PMID: 7356497
3.  Selected list of books and journals for a small dental library. 
This subject list of 116 dental books and 20 dental journals is intended to help the dental book committee and the librarian of a small health sciences library achieve a balanced collection of dental books and journals. Cost of books totals 2,619.38 dollars, that of journals is 531.50 dollars, making a total of 3,150.88 dollars. Cost of starred books totals 1,083.75 dollars, that of starred journals is 134.00 dollars, making a total of 1,217.75 dollars.
PMCID: PMC226504  PMID: 6998530
4.  Analysis of collection development at the National Library of Medicine. 
This paper reports the major findings of a study of collection development activities at the National Library of Medicine (NLM) from 1965 to 1977. The CATLINE file was the source of the data; analyses were performed on classification number, date of entry, and language. An overview analysis of the data base is presented for major subject and form classes. An in-depth subject analysis of the monograph collection was performed using the NLM call number. An analysis by date of entry revealed that the subject content of CATLINE has varied only slightly over the years; the most notable change was a recent decline in the related and peripheral subject areas. The language analysis indicated that 83% of the data base consisted of works published in English, German, Russian, and French. Throughput processing time was measured for English language monographs for selected years.
PMCID: PMC226476  PMID: 6988025
5.  NLM's Medical Library Resource Improvement Grant for Consortia Development: a proposed outline to simplify the application process. 
The National Library of Medicine's Resource Improvement Grant for Consortia is available to assist with developing hospital library consortia, and to support the development of basic healthy information collections. In an effort to simplify the grant application process, this paper presents suggestions for writing the narrative section of the first budget-period application, using the outline in NLM's Application Instructions for Consortium Applicants. Suggestions for writing the narratives of the second budget-period application and the collection development application are also included.
PMCID: PMC226410  PMID: 7356494
6.  Dual pricing of health sciences periodicals: a survey. 
A survey of dual pricing practices among publishers of health-related journals identified 281 periodicals with an average price differential of over 100% between individual and institutional subscription rates. Both the practice itself and the amount of the differential are increasing, indicating that journal subscriptions of health sciences libraries increasingly provide the financial support necessary for the publication of health sciences journals. Dual pricing is also correlated with copyright royalties. The problems that dual pricing creates for health sciences libraries' budgets are due in part to uncritical purchasing by libraries. Increased consumerism on the part of health science librarians is recommended.
PMCID: PMC226643  PMID: 7437588
8.  A quality assurance process in health sciences libraries. 
A goal of libraries is to assure the improvement of library services. Many organizations have attempted to use standards as a method to assure quality services, but often standards have failed through a lack of individual commitment to those standards and to the methodology used in establishing the standards. Many segments of the health care field have adopted the concept of quality assurance and are applying it to the service and care they provide. This process has the potential to raise or assure quality of service in health sciences libraries. The process involves: selecting a subject for review; developing measurable criteria; ratifying the criteria; evaluating existing services using the criteria; identifying problems; analyzing problems; developing solutions; implementing solutions; and reevaluating services. Two pilot quality assurance studies conducted in the Midwest Health Science Library Network during 1978 are described. Plans are under way to use this process on a regional basis.
PMCID: PMC226510  PMID: 7417732
9.  New library buildings: Creighton University Bio-Information Center. 
In May 1977 the newly constructed Creighton University Bio-Information Center, costing over $4 million and containing more than 57,000 square feet of space, officially began to provide services. This facility houses three educational support programs--the Health Sciences Library, the Learning Resources Center, and the Biomedical Communications Center--that primarily serve the University's health sciences schools of medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, nursing, and allied health, and the University's major teaching hospital, Saint Joseph Hospital. This article begins with a brief history of the development of the library and is chiefly concerned with the Health Sciences Library and the Learning Resources Center. Criteria formulated during the design phase of the Bio-Information Center are identified. A description of the center and its services, with an emphasis on the application of these criteria, is set forth. Finally, an assessment of the current increased utilization of library services and resources contained in the Bio-Information Center is presented.
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PMCID: PMC226480  PMID: 7362924
11.  Random time sampling with self-observation for library cost studies: unit costs of reference questions. 
The working time of reference librarians was sampled using random alarm devices and a structured checklist of mutually exclusive categories of reference questions. An average wage rate was applied to the unit time reciprocals derived from the resulting percentages. Wage costs for directional questions averaged $1.98; extended reference queries, $4.57. Random time sampling with self-observation gives acceptable reliability at low cost, minimal interference with service operations, and minimal distortion of collected data due to the collection process. It can be carried out by library managers themselves.
PMCID: PMC226414  PMID: 7356498
12.  Descriptive cataloging of serials: the National Library of Medicine versus the Library of Congress. 
Descriptive cataloging practices for serial differ significantly in some respects between the Library of Congress and the National Library of Medicine. This paper compares some of these differences and indicates the impact they can have on the development of on-line cooperative data bases such as OCLC. Attention is also given to the possible impact of the second edition of the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules on serials cataloging. The need for standardization is stressed.
PMCID: PMC226412  PMID: 7356496
13.  Communicating the results of NLM grant-supported library projects. 
National Library of Medicine research, resource project, and resource improvement grant-related communication activity was measured and examined as an initial task in exploring information exchanges in health sciences librarianship. Grantees were generally found to be reporting results extensively in a variety of written formats and oral presentations. Ways to improve the transfer and utilization of research and development activity results are presented.
PMCID: PMC226411  PMID: 7356495
16.  Hospital library resources in Massachusetts: data collection and analysis. 
Hospitals in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts were surveyed to establish some ranges and baseline statistics for hospital medical information resources. The data were evaluated in terms of theoretical compliance with the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals standards as well as the more specific proposed appendices to the Canadian Standards for Hospital Libraries. The study quantifies hospital library resources and services in a state with a substantial number of acute care facilities. Of the study universe, 67.6% were judged as meeting either the revised JCAH or the Canadian criteria. The central finding is that the 100- to 299-bed institutions reflect a significant number of deficiencies when evaluated against either quantitative or nonquantitative standards. Further areas of study are suggested.
PMCID: PMC226644  PMID: 6934016
17.  Where there is no vision the people perish. 
Forces are already in motion that will change the future of health sciences librarianship. In addition to changes in academic health centers, changes in the publishing industry, the mode of delivering information by librarians, the use of computers to manipulate and make information available, the user's access to information, and communications technology are briefly described. The author proposes that health sciences librarians can participate in the creative process of constructing their professional future by being informed, expanding cooperative efforts, planning, ceasing a romanticized view of the profession, and becoming achievers rather than sustainers.
PMCID: PMC226641  PMID: 7437586
18.  Research: the third dimension of librarianship. 
The rapid accumulation of data through increasingly sophisticated computer technology has created an unprecedented information explosion which might better be called an ignorance explosion. Data gathering emphasizing quantity rather than quality, speed of transmission rather than reliability or relevance, poses a challenge to the future of librarianship. Two concerns are discussed: (1) Relationship of technology to the information age. Librarians must be concerned with the methodology used in data collection, including the value judgments reflected in this activity. (2) Preparation of medical librarianship for the future. The profession will grow only as a result of individual effort, the recognition of people, and an appreciation of human values. Thus far, attempts to evaluate needs focus on technology while neglecting research into the human aspect. The author proposes that dimensions of the total professional model for medical librarianship must include research, as well as education and practice. The need to aid in the development of library researchers at the Ph.D. level through a National Library of Medicine program similar to that offered to researchers by the National Institutes of Health is stressed. By way of federal assistance and scholarships made available through national library associations, library research can become the vital and effective third dimension that will redefine the traditional concept of information storage and service in human terms, thus introducing a new relevance into the area of medical librarianship during the coming decades.
PMCID: PMC226407  PMID: 7356492
20.  A MEDLINE feasibility study. 
A MEDLINE feasibility study was conducted with the Northeastern Consortium for Health Information (NECHI) and sponsored by the New England Regional Medical Library Service. It is based on the theory that most potential users and supporters of MEDLINE within hospitals are unaware of its usefulness and applications, and that there exists a need for expanding MEDLINE services to more hospital libraries. The purpose of the study was to provide NECHI with an evaluation of MEDLINE as a feasible service by ascertaining the need and by evaluating the usefulness, satisfaction, and costs of the system. The study demonstrated sufficient use of MEDLINE to justify implementation within NECHI and it provided useful data to determine the future of MEDLINE in each institution. It documented that utilization improved rapidly with publicity and the presence of the system within an institution, that MEDLINE can be an effective and economical complement to the traditional reference services used to support information needs in hospitals, and that more hospital libraries should be able to implement MEDLINE to their advantage once potential users and supporters have been exposed to the system.
PMCID: PMC226508  PMID: 6998531
22.  Circulation versus photocopy: Quid pro Quo? 
Information thought necessary for assessing the potential impact of a limited journal circulation policy at the University of California, San Francisco, included the effects on seating, on in-house photocopying, and on circulation. An initial survey during a "typical circulation" week showed journal circulation to be 71% of the total, with journals issued during the past five years comprising 45% of the total. A survey of user photocopying practice suggested that circulation limited to journals more than five years old might result in a 90% increase in photocopying, and results of the circulation survey were used to predict a 45% decrease in circulation. Results of implementing a limited circulation policy were a 41% decrease in circulation and a 136% increase in photocopy. Differences between prediction and results may be accounted for by the effect of duplicate copy subscriptions and by provision of convenient photocopy facilities.
PMCID: PMC226507  PMID: 7417731
23.  Medical librarianship: a systems perspective. 
Medical or health sciences librarianship is viewed as a system whose components are the professional school, the professional group, and the professional association. As an open system it imports energy from these components, or subsystems, and transforms this energy into professionally identifiable products. The subsystems, in influencing the character of the medical and health sciences library profession, are interdependent and interrelated. However, linkages between the subsystems are becoming defective due primarily to lack of communication, information, and feedback. Stronger and more vigorous interaction among the subsystems is needed.
PMCID: PMC226475  PMID: 7362921
24.  Consumer health information: libraries as partners. 
The need for consumer health information delivery is becoming more evident to librarians. The results of a user survey at a large medical center library and a metropolitan public library confirm that the general public is making demands for health information at both types of libraries. Issues facing librarians are discussed; roles are suggested for public libraries, for academic health sciences libraries, and for hospital libraries. The importance of library involvement in the delivery of consumer health information is emphasized. Librarians are urged to define a role for themselves and to work hard at identifying the library profession to all others involved in the delivery of consumer health information.
PMCID: PMC226479  PMID: 7362923
25.  The CLR/NLM Health Sciences Library Management Intern Program: first year. 
The first year of the Health Sciences Library Management Intern Program, funded by the National Library of Medicine and administered by the Council on Library Resources, has recently been completed. This paper discusses the origins of the internship, the selection of the successful applicants, and the motivation of the interns and host directors. The basic components of the intership year are described, and its effects on the host libraries and interns are considered. The immediate future of the internship is outlined, and other methods for training health sciences library administrators are briefly discussed.
PMCID: PMC226409  PMID: 7356493

Results 1-25 (76)