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1.  A checklist for planning and designing audiovisual facilities in health sciences libraries. 
Developed by an MLA/HeSCA (Health Sciences Communications Association) joint committee, this checklist is intended to serve as a conceptual framework for planning a new or renovated audiovisual facility in a health sciences library. Emphasis is placed on the philosophical and organizational decisions that must be made about an audiovisual facility before the technical or spatial decisions can be wisely made. Specific standards for facilities or equipment are not included. The first section focuses on health sciences library settings. Ideas presented in the remaining sections could apply to academic learning resource center environments as well. A bibliography relating to all aspects of audiovisual facilities planning and design is included with references to specific sections of the checklist.
PMCID: PMC227514  PMID: 6208957
2.  Regional Online Union Catalog of the Greater Midwest Regional Medical Library Network: development and operation. 
The GMRMLN Online Catalog was developed as an easily accessible locator tool for monographs and audiovisuals held within the Greater Midwest Regional Medical Library Network. The catalog was generated from machine-readable records in MARC formats contributed by regional libraries. It was mounted by BRS as a private database and is fully free text searchable using BRS search. Each institutional file was merged and purged of duplicates to create a single entry for each title. The catalog features an online interlibrary loan system that automatically routes a request to the two nearest, smallest libraries that own the title. If the request is not filled within the region, the system automatically routes it to the National Library of Medicine without the need to rekeyboard data. The system collects management data on interlibrary loan processing. Funding for the catalog permitted a trial period of use with cost support. Data on system operation were gathered during this demonstration.
PMCID: PMC227397  PMID: 6733326
3.  MEDLARS utilization profile in New England. 
The Northeastern Consortium for Health Information's Ad Hoc Committee on Online Statistics conducted a three-month MEDLARS utilization study in New England. Mailing lists from the New England Regional Medical Library Service and the New England Online Users Group were used to solicit participants. Seventy-four libraries submitted data on 8,899 MEDLARS searches. Each search was described by (1) type of institution; (2) occupation of requester; (3) purpose of search; (4) whether requester was a new or repeat user; (5) if the requester was from inside or outside the online center's institution; (6) fees-for-service; and (7) choice of vendor or vendors for accessing MEDLARS. Overall, patient care and research were the most frequently stated purposes of search; 44% of the searches were initiated by physicians.
PMCID: PMC227335  PMID: 6365229
5.  Journal article overlap among Index Medicus, Science Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, and Chemical Abstracts. 
Journal article overlap is defined as the same journal article being indexed by two or more services. Using journal references from seventy dissertations written in the preclinical sciences, the extent of journal article overlap among Index Medicus, Science Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, and Chemical Abstracts was examined. Of the 7,969 journal references cited, 92% were indexed by at least two of these services; 591 articles were covered by only one of the services, and 55 articles were not indexed. A discussion of the advantages and costs of journal article overlap is presented.
PMCID: PMC227512  PMID: 6388693
6.  Looking backward, 1984-1959: twenty-five years of library automation--a personal view. 
A brief profile of Janet Doe is given. Twenty-five years of library automation are reviewed from the author's point of view. Major projects such as the SUNY Biomedical Communication Network and the Regional Online Union Catalog of the Greater Midwest Regional Medical Library Network are discussed. Important figures in medical library automation are considered, as is the major role played by the National Library of Medicine.
PMCID: PMC227507  PMID: 6388691
7.  Patterns of journal publications by staff of the College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria, 1961-1980. 
This study analyzes publishing patterns of the staff of the University of Ibadan College of Medicine, Nigeria, based on a bibliography prepared by the authors. Data-gathering for the bibliography is described. An analysis is made of journals staff published in for the period 1961-1980, focusing on changes in journal order rank, publishing locations, and subject spread. A ranked list of the leading journals for the period 1976-1980 is given, showing the importance of local publishing and pointing to the need for local indexing.
PMCID: PMC227399  PMID: 6375776
9.  Electronic document delivery: directing interlibrary loan traffic through multiple electronic networks. 
The University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC) uses five different electronic networks for interlibrary loan (ILL) request transmission. The advantages and problems of using electronic networks for ILL request transmission are discussed. Advantages include speed of request transmission, improved capabilities for locating documents, lower labor costs, improved turnaround time, and production of user reports and statistics. Disadvantages include increased work load, additional staff training, coordination of non-standard networks, determining access protocols, and establishing priorities for handling requests.
PMCID: PMC227402  PMID: 6733327
10.  Tailoring periodical collections to meet institutional needs. 
A system for tailoring journal collections to meet institutional needs is described. The approach is based on the view that reference work and collection development are variant and complementary forms of the same library function; both tasks have as their objective a literature response to information problems. Utilizing the tools and procedures of the reference search in response to a specific collection development problem topic, the author created a model ranked list of relevant journals. Finally, by linking the model to certain operational and environmental factors in three different health care organizations, he tailored the collection to meet the institutions' respective information needs.
PMCID: PMC227398  PMID: 6375775
11.  The role of annotated bibliographies in information dissemination. 
In July 1982, a comprehensive questionnaire was sent to a random sample of names on the National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse (NDIC) mailing list to measure user satisfaction with and use of annotated bibliographies about diabetes topics. The bibliographies are used to learn more about a topic and to locate cited materials. The total number of publications ordered by this sample is 8,857; therefore, an extrapolation from these data suggests that more than 45,000 publications were ordered as a direct result of the citations as the source of information.
PMCID: PMC227401  PMID: 6375778
12.  Renovation and expansion of an academic health sciences library. 
Planning is described for the renovation, expansion, and principal design features of the Health Sciences Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The three-and-a-half-year construction project resulted in the addition of three floors over the existing building and a complete renovation of the original floor space. An architectural summary provides statistics on project costs and building capacities.
PMCID: PMC227464  PMID: 6743879
13.  Salary survey of the Medical Library Group of Southern California and Arizona. 
The 1982 salary survey of the Medical Library Group of Southern California and Arizona (MLGSCA) indicates that 211 health sciences librarians in Southern California and Arizona earned a mean annual salary of $20,910 for 1982. Data analysis shows a positive correlation between salary and educational level. Other factors found to affect salary were job history, number of positions held, MLA certification, and professional responsibility. Age, gender, and MLA certification did not have a consistent positive correlation with salary. Results indicate that the salaries of hospital librarians are, on the average, roughly comparable to those of academic librarians in Southern California and Arizona.
PMCID: PMC227463  PMID: 6743878
14.  Subject expertise among MEDLINE searchers: results of a survey and analysis of job openings. 
To determine the current demand for subject expertise among MEDLINE searchers, position announcements in the MLA News from January, 1981 to September, 1982 were examined. Of 125 reference/search analyst positions listed, 63 (50%) required or preferred a health sciences or related subject background. To ascertain how well the current medical library search analyst workforce meets these requirements of expertise 111 MEDLINE searchers were surveyed. Participants were queried as to the type of institution in which they were currently employed, searching experience, searching workload, educational background, and value placed on subject expertise in online searching. Differences were noted among the responses of hospital, academic health sciences, and corporate MEDLINE searchers.
PMCID: PMC227457  PMID: 6378286
16.  A review of psychiatric literature for residency training programs, 1980s. 
The authors obtained cumulated reading lists from sixteen nationally-recognized psychiatric residency programs to assess the common body of knowledge shared by recent psychiatry graduates and learn which works in psychiatry had survived from an earlier compilation in 1964 (Woods, Pieper, and Frazier, "Basic Psychiatric Literature" [2]. The new list was compiled by consensus, with the working assumptions that books of importance would appear on the list of more than one program and that a book or article's relative usefulness was related to the number of appearances on different residency lists. An updated list for the 1980s is provided from the survey and is compared to the 1964 list compiled from a survey of experts in the field of psychiatry.
PMCID: PMC227462  PMID: 6378287
17.  Cost and usage of health sciences libraries: economic aspects. 
A study of ninety-five health sciences libraries, obtaining nearly 24,000 user responses, provides estimates of the national cost of library services through the three principal services of circulation, reference, and in-house use; and for four types of users: persons interested in patient care, those interested in research, those involved in education, and others. Unit costs of the three principal services are reported and differences in their relative importance are described. National totals for nine classes of libraries are reported as well as costs by service, user, and function: patient care, research, education, or other. The national expenditure in 1982 was approximately $365 million. The study establishes a method for obtaining results that can be compared and combined across libraries.
PMCID: PMC227461  PMID: 6743877
18.  Evaluation of the TALON Cooperative Acquisitions Program for monographs. 
The TALON Cooperative Acquisitions Program for monographs (TALON/CAP) was implemented in 1979 by eleven resource libraries in the South Central Regional Medical Library Program. Each participating library acquired books from selected publishers within a profile covering subject and format. The program was evaluated by comparing interlibrary loan requests, surveying participants, and analyzing cataloging records. The results were that ten of the eleven libraries significantly increased their coverage of assigned publishers, and that academic medical libraries are not all buying the same books, even from major medical publishers. The fifty-six publishers in the program accounted for 60% to 83% of the titles with 1977-80 imprints held by participating libraries. The computer-generated collection analysis reports provide a baseline for future collection management studies.
PMCID: PMC227455  PMID: 6743874
19.  New library building: Mercer University School of Medicine, Macon, Georgia. 
The Mercer University School of Medicine (MUSM) enrolled its charter class in 1982. The curriculum is problem-based and adaptable to the learning needs of each student. MUSM is housed in a new building designed to support this unique educational program. Its library is an example of a comparatively small, but fully functional, medical school library. The planning process, design, and layout of the new library facility are described. Among its unique features are an integrated print and non-print collection, current periodical display space, and extensive use of task lighting.
PMCID: PMC227405  PMID: 6733330
20.  Collection development policies and practices in medical school rare book libraries. 
A survey of collection development policies and practices in medical school rare book libraries indicated that only 20% had documented criteria for collection development. The advantages of preparing and maintaining a formal written collection development policy are presented with guidelines for formulating such a policy.
PMCID: PMC227396  PMID: 6733325
21.  Medical library services in Kuwait: history and future prospects. 
Despite immense resources and a growing interest in education and libraries, library development in Kuwait has been restricted by the problems common to all developing countries. These include an overdose of bureaucracy, lack of trained librarians, and little perception of the library's importance in the educational system. Medical librarianship is virtually a new field. The only medical library of any significance in the country is the Faculty of Medicine Library established in 1974 to serve the newly organized Faculty of Medicine of Kuwait University. In recent years, the Faculty of Medicine Library has gone through several reassessments and many changes. It has expanded its collection, begun computerized searching, and recruited several professional librarians. Now semiautonomous from the university's Libraries Department and housed in a new, modern building, the library has the potential to become the main medical library in the Persian Gulf area.
PMCID: PMC227336  PMID: 6365225
22.  New library buildings: the University of Michigan Medical Library and Learning Resource Center. 
The University of Michigan opened a new medical library in July 1980. The five-story structure combines the library with a learning-resources center. Overall, the building has operated smoothly and has been well accepted. The combining of two facilities designed to support the teaching and learning objectives of the health sciences curriculum will ensure long-term cooperation between them.
PMCID: PMC227337  PMID: 6199067
24.  Selected list of books and journals in allied health sciences. 
This list of 450 books and 67 journals is intended as a selection guide to be used in a library supporting allied health educational programs and personnel in either an academic or health care setting. Due to the necessity of limiting the scope of coverage because of the large number and wide variety of allied health professions and occupations, the recommended publications are focused mainly on the twenty-six educational programs accredited by the Committee on Allied Health Education and Accreditation of the American Medical Association, in addition to programs in allied dental health and medical secretarial skills. Books are categorized by broad subject followed by an author/editor index; journals are listed alphabetically by title. To purchase the entire collection of books and to pay for annual (1984) journal subscriptions would require a total expenditure of approximately $15,000.
PMCID: PMC227516  PMID: 6388696
25.  Journal Notes 
PMCID: PMC227529  PMID: 16017849

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