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1.  Radiotherapeutic Options for Symptom Control in Breast Cancer 
Breast Care  2011;6(1):14-19.
Summary
The majority of breast cancer patients will require radiation therapy at some time during the course of their disease. An estimated 30–50% of all radiation treatments are of palliative nature, either to alleviate symptoms or prophylactic to prevent deterioration of quality of life due to locally progressive disease. Radiotherapy is a locally effective tool, and typically causes no systemic and mostly mild acute side effects. The following article provides an overview of options and decision-making in palliative radiotherapy for symptom control.
doi:10.1159/000324564
PMCID: PMC3083266  PMID: 21547021
Radiotherapy; Breast cancer; Symptom control; Palliative care
2.  Clinical Recommendations of DEGRO and AGO on Preferred Standard Palliative Radiotherapy of Bone and Cerebral Metastases, Metastatic Spinal Cord Compression, and Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis in Breast Cancer 
Breast Care  2010;5(6):401-407.
Summary
Background
To provide guidance for clinical practice on preferred standard palliative radiotherapy (RT) of different sites of metastasis for breast cancer patients based on current published evidence complemented by expert opinion.
Methods
The breast cancer expert panel of the German Society for Radiation Oncology (DEGRO) and members of the Working Party of Gynecologic Oncology (AGO) Breast Committee formulated recommendations based on the panel's interpretation of the level of evidence referring to the criteria of evidence-based medicine added to the AGO grades of recommendation.
Results
For different types and sites of metastasis, distinct therapeutic goals (alleviation of symptoms, pain relief, local tumor control, prevention or improvement of neurological deficits, stabilization of the spine or other bones) require complex approaches considering individual factors (i.e. life expectancy, tumor progression at other sites). With regard to different therapeutic goals, different dose concepts and fractionation schedules, and single-versus multi-fraction palliative RT should be adapted individually.
Conclusions
RT is an effective tool in palliation treatment of bone metastasis (BM), cerebral metastasis (CM) and metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC), or leptomeningeal carcinomatosis (LC) and plays a central role in an interdisciplinary approach. Preferred technique, targeting, and different dose schedules are described in detail in the DEGRO guidelines, which are also integrated in the updated 2010 AGO recommendations.
doi:10.1159/000322661
PMCID: PMC3076353  PMID: 21494406
Metastatic breast cancer; Palliative radiation therapy; Bone metastasis; Cerebral metastasis; Metastatic spinal cord compression; Leptomeningeal carcinomatosis

Results 1-2 (2)