PMCC PMCC

Search tips
Search criteria

Advanced
Results 1-4 (4)
 

Clipboard (0)
None
Journals
Authors
more »
Year of Publication
Document Types
1.  Neutral vs positive oral contrast in diagnosing acute appendicitis with contrast-enhanced CT: sensitivity, specificity, reader confidence and interpretation time 
The British Journal of Radiology  2011;84(1001):418-426.
Objective
The study compared the sensitivity, specificity, confidence and interpretation time of readers of differing experience in diagnosing acute appendicitis with contrast-enhanced CT using neutral vs positive oral contrast agents.
Methods
Contrast-enhanced CT for right lower quadrant or right flank pain was performed in 200 patients with neutral and 200 with positive oral contrast including 199 with proven acute appendicitis and 201 with other diagnoses. Test set disease prevalence was 50%. Two experienced gastrointestinal radiologists, one fellow and two first-year residents blindly assessed all studies for appendicitis (2000 readings) and assigned confidence scores (1=poor to 4=excellent). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were generated. Total interpretation time was recorded. Each reader's interpretation with the two agents was compared using standard statistical methods.
Results
Average reader sensitivity was found to be 96% (range 91–99%) with positive and 95% (89–98%) with neutral oral contrast; specificity was 96% (92–98%) and 94% (90–97%). For each reader, no statistically significant difference was found between the two agents (sensitivities p-values >0.6; specificities p-values>0.08), in the area under the ROC curve (range 0.95–0.99) or in average interpretation times. In cases without appendicitis, positive oral contrast demonstrated improved appendix identification (average 90% vs 78%) and higher confidence scores for three readers. Average interpretation times showed no statistically significant differences between the agents.
Conclusion
Neutral vs positive oral contrast does not affect the accuracy of contrast-enhanced CT for diagnosing acute appendicitis. Although positive oral contrast might help to identify normal appendices, we continue to use neutral oral contrast given its other potential benefits.
doi:10.1259/bjr/20854868
PMCID: PMC3473642  PMID: 20959365
2.  Hepatic artery pseudoaneurysms arising from within a hepatocellular carcinoma 
The British Journal of Radiology  2010;83(996):e252-e254.
We report a case of a 70-year-old man with a large hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) containing two pseudoaneurysms measuring up to 2 cm in diameter. The pseudoaneurysms and part of the HCC were supplied by branches from the middle colic artery, which arises from the superior mesenteric artery. This complex arterial vasculature was visualised on CT and confirmed with conventional angiography.
doi:10.1259/bjr/55365425
PMCID: PMC3473622  PMID: 21088082
3.  MRI in the diagnosis of incomplete testicular torsion 
The British Journal of Radiology  2010;83(989):e105-e107.
We present a case of subacute left testicular pain and enlargement. Scrotal Doppler ultrasound revealed an enlarged left testicle with symmetrical intra-testicular colour flow bilaterally. Contrast-enhanced MRI demonstrated incomplete testicular torsion which was verified at surgery. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the use of contrast-enhanced MRI in the diagnosis of incomplete testicular torsion.
doi:10.1259/bjr/95900989
PMCID: PMC3473566  PMID: 20418466
4.  Müllerian duct anomalies: from diagnosis to intervention 
The British Journal of Radiology  2009;82(984):1034-1042.
The purpose of this study was to review the embryology, classification, imaging features and treatment options of Müllerian duct anomalies. The three embryological phases will be described and the appearance of the seven classes of Müllerian duct anomalies will be illustrated using hysterosalpingography, ultrasound and MRI. This exhibit will also review the treatment options, including interventional therapy. The role of imaging is to help detect, classify and guide surgical management. At this time, MRI is the modality of choice because of its high accuracy in detecting and accurately characterising Müllerian duct anomalies. In conclusion, radiologists should be familiar with the imaging features of the seven classes of Müllerian duct anomalies, as the appropriate course of treatment relies upon the correct diagnosis and categorisation of each anomaly.
doi:10.1259/bjr/99354802
PMCID: PMC3473390  PMID: 19433480

Results 1-4 (4)