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1.  Improving the Evidence Base for Decision Making During a Pandemic: The Example of 2009 Influenza A/H1N1 
This article synthesizes and extends discussions held during an international meeting on “Surveillance for Decision Making: The Example of 2009 Pandemic Influenza A/H1N1,” held at the Center for Communicable Disease Dynamics (CCDD), Harvard School of Public Health, on June 14 and 15, 2010. The meeting involved local, national, and global health authorities and academics representing 7 countries on 4 continents. We define the needs for surveillance in terms of the key decisions that must be made in response to a pandemic: how large a response to mount and which control measures to implement, for whom, and when. In doing so, we specify the quantitative evidence required to make informed decisions. We then describe the sources of surveillance and other population-based data that can presently—or in the future—form the basis for such evidence, and the interpretive tools needed to process raw surveillance data. We describe other inputs to decision making besides epidemiologic and surveillance data, and we conclude with key lessons of the 2009 pandemic for designing and planning surveillance in the future.
This article synthesizes discussions held during an international meeting, “Surveillance for Decision Making: The Example of 2009 Pandemic Influenza A/H1N1,” held at Harvard School of Public Health in June 2010. It defines the needs for surveillance in terms of the key decisions that must be made in response to a pandemic: how large a response to mount and which control measures to implement, for whom, and when. The article describes the sources of surveillance and other population-based data that can form the basis for such evidence, and the interpretive tools needed to process raw surveillance data. It concludes with key lessons of the 2009 pandemic for designing and planning surveillance in the future.
doi:10.1089/bsp.2011.0007
PMCID: PMC3102310  PMID: 21612363

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