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1.  An in vitro method to study the effects of hematopoietic regulators during immune and blood cell development 
In adults, hematopoiesis occurs in bone marrow (BM) through a complex process with differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) to immune and blood cells. Human HSCs and their progenitors express CD34. Methods on hematopoietic regulation are presented to show the effects of the chemokine, stromal-derived growth factor (SDF)-1Î and the neuropeptide, substance P (SP). SDF-1Î production in BM stroma causes interactions with HSCs, thereby retaining the HSCs in regions close to the endosteum, at low oxygen. Small changes in SDF-1Î levels stimulate HSC functions through direct and indirect mechanisms. The indirect method occurs by SP production, which stimulates CD34+ cells, supported by ligand-binding studies, long-term culture-initiating cell assays for HSC functions, and clonogenic assays for myeloid progenitors. These methods can be applied to study other hematopoietic regulators.
PMCID: PMC2266633  PMID: 18335004
cell culture techniques; hematopoiesis; cytokines; hematopoietic stem cells
2.  An in vitro method to select malignant cells from surgical biopsies of breast cancer patients 
To date, breast cancer (BC) research is mainly studied with cell lines. These cells were passaged multiple times, acquiring phenotypes, additional mutations and epigenetic changes. These changes make the passaged cell lines different from the original malignancy. Thus cell lines, although useful as models could be improved with additional studies with primary BC. It is difficult to obtain malignant cells from breast tissues without contamination from surrounding healthy cells. Selection and expansion of malignant cells from surgical tissues have proved to be daunting tasks. This study describes a reliable and reproducible method for isolating and expanding malignant cells from surgical breast tissues. The method uses co-cultures with BM stroma to select for the cancer cells while the healthy cells undergo rapid cell death. Studies are described to show the cloning efficiencies and sensitivity of the method using surgical samples of varying sizes, different stages of BC, and samples from needle biopsies.
PMCID: PMC545497  PMID: 15678170
Bone marrow; Cultured, cells; Breast neoplasms

Results 1-2 (2)