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Biology Letters (9)
Barnard, Phoebe (1)
Barrett, Paul M. (1)
Bataillon, Thomas (1)
Bates, L. A. (1)
Biewener, Andrew (1)
Bromham, Lindell (1)
Byrne, R. W. (1)
Chapman, Tracey (1)
Daniel, Thomas (1)
Herbers, Joan M. (1)
Joyce, Paul (1)
Smith, Andrew B. (1)
Smulders, Tom V. (1)
Sniegowski, Paul (1)
Thuiller, Wilfried (1)
Year of Publication
50 Years on: the legacy of William Donald Hamilton
Herbers, Joan M.
Hamilton; inclusive fitness; social evolution
As it happens: current directions in experimental evolution
Recent decades have seen a significant rise in studies in which evolution is observed and analysed directly—as it happens—under replicated, controlled conditions. Such ‘experimental evolution’ approaches offer a degree of resolution of evolutionary processes and their underlying genetics that is difficult or even impossible to achieve in more traditional comparative and retrospective analyses. In principle, experimental populations can be monitored for phenotypic and genetic changes with any desired level of replication and measurement precision, facilitating progress on fundamental and previously unresolved questions in evolutionary biology. Here, we summarize 10 invited papers in which experimental evolution is making significant progress on a variety of fundamental questions. We conclude by briefly considering future directions in this very active field of research, emphasizing the importance of quantitative tests of theories and the emerging role of genome-wide re-sequencing.
fitness; adaptation; epistasis; competition; social evolution
Modelling the past: new generation approaches to understanding biological patterns in the fossil record
Smith, Andrew B.
Barrett, Paul M.
The history of life on this planet is gleaned from analysing how fossils are distributed through time and space. While these patterns are now rather securely known, at least for well-studied parts of the world, their interpretation remains far from simple. Fossils preserve only partial data from which to reconstruct their biology and the geological record is incomplete and biased, so that taxonomic ranges and palaeocommunity structure are imperfectly known. To better understand the often highly complex deep-time processes that gave rise to the empirical fossil record, palaeontologists have turned to modelling the past. Here, we summarize a series of 11 papers that showcase where modelling the past is being applied to advance our understanding across a wide spectrum of current palaeontological endeavours.
palaeontology; modelling; evolutionary history; sampling biases
Cognition in the wild: exploring animal minds with observational evidence
Byrne, R. W.
Bates, L. A.
A moving topic: control and dynamics of animal locomotion
Animal locomotion arises from complex interactions among sensory systems, processing of sensory information into patterns of motor output, the musculo-skeletal dynamics that follow motor stimulation, and the interaction of appendages and body parts with the environment. These processes conspire to produce motions and forces that permit stunning manoeuvres with important ecological and evolutionary consequences. Thus, the habitats that animals may exploit, their ability to escape predators or attack prey, their capacity to manoeuvre and turn, or the use of their available energy all depend upon the processes that determine locomotion. Here, we summarize a series of 10 papers focused on this integrative research topic.
animal locomotion; sensory systems; motor control; biomechanics
Sexual conflict and sex allocation
Darwin 200: special feature on brain evolution
Smulders, Tom V.
Introduction. Global change and biodiversity: future challenges
Putting the ‘bio’ into bioinformatics
Bioinformatic analyses have grown rapidly in sophistication and efficiency to accommodate the vast increase in available data. One of the major challenges has been to incorporate the growing appreciation of the complexity of molecular evolution into new analytical methods. As the reliance on molecular data in biology and medicine increases, we need to be confident that these methods adequately reflect the underlying processes of genome change. This special issue focuses on the way that patterns and processes of molecular evolution are influenced by features of populations of whole organisms, such as selection pressure, population size and life history. The advantage of this approach to molecular evolution is that it views genomic change not simply as a biochemical or stochastic process, but as the result of a complex series of interactions that shape the kinds of genomic changes that can and do happen.
mutation; substitution; molecular evolution; relaxed clocks; barcoding; alignment
Results 1-9 (9)
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