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1.  Synthesis, Characterization, and Biological Studies of Organotin(IV) Derivatives with o- or p-hydroxybenzoic Acids 
Organotin(IV) complexes with o- or p-hydroxybenzoic acids (o-H2BZA or p-H2BZA) of formulae [R2Sn(HL)2] (where H2L = o-H2BZA and R = Me- (1), n-Bu- (2)); [R3Sn(HL)] (where H2L = o-H2BZA and R = n-Bu- (3), Ph- (4) or H2L = p-H2BZA and R = n-Bu- (5), Ph- (6)) were synthesized by reacting a methanolic solution of di- and triorganotin(IV) compounds with an aqueous solution of the ligand (o-H2BZA or p-H2BZA) containing equimolar amounts of potassium hydroxide. The complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, Far-IR, TGA-DTA, FT-Raman, Mössbauer spectroscopy, 1H, 119Sn-NMR, UV/Vis spectroscopy, and Mass spectroscopy. The X-ray crystal structures of complexes 1 and 2 have also been determined. Finally, the influence of these complexes 1–6 upon the catalytic peroxidation of linoleic acid to hydroperoxylinoleic acid by the enzyme lipoxygenase (LOX) was kinetically studied and the results showed that triorganotin(IV) complex 6 has the lowest IC50 value. Also complexes 1–6 were studied for their in vitro cytotoxicity against sarcoma cancer cells (mesenchymal tissue) from the Wistar rat, and the results showed that the complexes have high activity against these cell lines with triphenyltin((IV) complex 4 to be the most active one.
doi:10.1155/2009/542979
PMCID: PMC2669538  PMID: 19390627
2.  Crystal Structure and Antitumor Activity of the Novel Zwitterionic Complex of tri-n-Butyltin(IV) with 2-Thiobarbituric Acid 
A novel tri-n-butyl(IV) derivative of 2-thiobarbituric acid (HTBA) of formula [(n-Bu)3Sn(TBA) H2O] (1) has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis and 119Sn-NMR and FT-IR spectroscopic techniques. The crystal structure of complex 1 has been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis at 120(2) K. The geometry around Sn(IV) is trigonal bipyramidal. Three n-butyl groups and one oxygen atom from a deprotonated 2-thiobarbituric ligand are bonded to the metal center. The geometry is completed with one oxygen from a water molecule. Compound 1 exhibits potent, in vitro, cytotoxicity against sarcoma cancer cells (mesenchymal tissue) from the Wistar rat, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH, benzo[a]pyrene) carcinogenesis. In addition, the inhibition caused by 1, in the rate of lipoxygenase (LOX) catalyzed oxidation reaction of linoleic acid to hyperoxolinoleic acid, has been also kinetically and theoretically studied. The results are compared to that of cisplatin.
doi:10.1155/2008/654137
PMCID: PMC2288696  PMID: 18401456
3.  Pressure-Tuning Raman Spectra of Diiodine Thioamide Compounds: Models for Antithyroid Drug Activity 
The pressure-tuning Raman spectra of five solid, diiodine heterocyclic thioamide compounds (mbztS)I2 (mbztS = N-methyl-2-mercaptobenzothiazole) (1); [(mbztS)2I]+[I7]− (2); (pySH)I2 (pySH = 2-mercaptopyridine) (3); [(pySH)(pyS]+[I3]− (4); (thpm)(I2)2 or possibly [(thpm)I2]+[I3]− (thpm = 2-mercapto-3,4,5,6-tertahydropyrimidine (5) have been measured for pressures up to ∼ 50 kbar using a diamond-anvil cell. Compounds 1, 4, and 5 undergo pressure-induced phase transitions at ∼ 35, ∼ 25, and ∼ 32 kbar, respectively. Following the phase transition in 1, the pressure dependences of the vibrational modes, which were originally located at 84, 111, and 161 cm−1 and are associated with the S⋯I–I linkage, are 2.08, 1.78, and 0.57 cm−1/kbar, respectively. These pressure dependences are typical of low-energy vibrations. The pressure-tuning FT-Raman results for the pairs of compounds 1 , 2, 3, and 4 are remarkably similar to each other suggesting that the compounds are most probably perturbed diiodide compounds rather than ionic ones. The Raman data for 5 show that it is best formulated as (thpm)(I2)2 rather than [(thpm)2I]+[I3]−.
doi:10.1155/BCA/2006/68542
PMCID: PMC1794079  PMID: 17497015
4.  Interaction of Thioamides, Selenoamides, and Amides With Diiodine 
We review the results of our work on the iodine interaction with thioamides, selenoamides, and amides. Complexes with (i) “spoke” or “extended spoke” structures, D · I2 and D · I2 · I2, respectively, (D is the ligand donor) (ii) iodonium salts of {[D2 − I]+[In]−} (n = 3, 7) and {[D2 − I]+[FeCl4]−} formulae and (iii) disulfides of the categories (a) [D − D], (b) {[D − DH]+[I3]−} have been isolated and characterized. A compound of formula {[D2 − I]+[I3]−[D · I2]} containing both types of complexes (i) and (ii) was also isolated. The interaction of diiodine with selenium analogs of the antithyroid drug 6-n-propyl-2-thiouracil (PTU), of formulae RSeU (6-alkyl-2-Selenouracil) results in the formation of complexes with formulae [(RSeU)I2]. All these results are correlated with the mechanism of action of antithyroid drugs. Finally, we review here our work on the diiodine interaction with the amides (LO).
doi:10.1155/BCA/2006/60291
PMCID: PMC1794077  PMID: 17497011
5.  Organotin(IV) Derivatives of L-Cysteine and their in vitro Anti-Tumor Properties 
The synthesis and characterization of the organotin compounds [(n-C4H9)2Sn(cys)] (1), [(C6H5)2Sn(cys)] (2), [(C6H5)3Sn(Hcys).(H2o)] (3), {[(CH3)2Sn(Kcys)2].2(H20)} (4), {[(n-C4H9)2Sn(Kcys)2].2(H20)} (5) and {[(C6H5)2Sn(Kcys)2].2(H20)} (6) (where H2cys = L-cysteine) are reported. The compounds have been characterized by elemental analysis and 1H-NMR, Uv-Vis, FT-IR and MOssbauer spectroscopic techniques. Attempted recrystallization of (2) in DMSO/methanol 2:1 solution yielded after several days unexpectedly the dimeric compound bis(tri-phenyltin)sulphide {[(C6H5)3Sn]2S} (7) which has been characterized by x-ray analysis. The structure of the parent complex (2) as well as the mechanism of the decomposition of cysteine are being further investigated. The in vitro anticancer activity of complexes (I)- (6), against human leukemia (HL60), human liver (Bel7402), human stomach (BGC823) and human cervix epithelial human carcinoma (Hela), nasopharyngeal carcinoma (KB) and lung cancer (PG) tumor cells, were evaluated.
doi:10.1155/S1565363304000044
PMCID: PMC2267074  PMID: 18365068
6.  Communication: Synthesis of a Novel Triphenyltin(IV) Derivative of 2- Mercaptonicotinic Acid with Potent Cytotoxicity in vitro  
A novel triphenyltin(IV) derivative of 2-mercaptonicotinic acid (H2mna) of formula {[(C6H5)3Sn]2(mna).[(CH3)2CO]} (1) has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis and 1H, 13C-NMR, and FT-IR spectroscopic techniques. The crystal structure of complex (1) has been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis at 173(1) K. Compound (1) contains two triphenyltin moieties linked by a doubly de-protonated 2,mercaptonicotinic acid (H>2mna). It is an example of a pentacoordinated Ph3SnXY system with an axial-equatorial arrangement of the phenyl groups at Sn(1). Compound (1), exhibits potent, in vitro, cytotoxicity against sarcoma cancer cells (mesenchymal tissue) from the Wistar rat, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH, benzo[a]pyrene) carcinogenesis.
doi:10.1155/S1565363303000189
PMCID: PMC2267064  PMID: 18365056

Results 1-6 (6)