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1.  New Dihydro OO′Bis(Salicylidene) 2,2′ Aminobenzothiazolyl Borate Complexes: Kinetic and Voltammetric Studies of Dimethyltin Copper Complex with Guanine, Adenine, and Calf Thymus DNA 
The newly synthesized ligand, dihydro OO′bis(salicylidene) 2,2′ aminobenzothiazolyl borate (2), was derived from the reaction of Schiff base of 2-aminobenzothiazole and salicylaldehyde with KBH4. CuII (3) and ZnII (4) complexes of (2) were synthesized and further metallated with dimethyltindichloride to yield heterobimetallic complexes (5) and (6). All complexes have been thoroughly characterized by elemental analysis, and IR, NMR, EPR, and UV-Vis spectroscopy and conductance measurements. The spectroscopic data support square planar environment around the CuII atom, while the SnIV atom acquires pentacoordinate geometry. The interaction of complex (5) with guanine, adenine, and calf thymus DNA was studied by spectrophotometric, electrochemical, and kinetic methods. The absorption spectra of complex (5) exhibit a remarkable “hyperchromic effect” in the presence of guanine and calf thymus DNA. Indicative of strong binding of the complex to calf thymus DNA preferentially binds through N7 position of guanine base, while the adenine shows binding to a lesser extent. The kinetic data were obtained from the rate constants, kobs, values under pseudo-first-order conditions. Cyclic voltammetry was employed to study the interaction of complex (5) with guanine, adenine, and calf thymus DNA. The CV of complex (5) in the absence and in the presence of guanine and calf thymus DNA altered drastically, with a positive shift in formal peak potential Epa and Epc values and a significant increase in peak current. The positive shift in formal potentials with increase in peak current favours strong interaction of complex (5) with calf thymus DNA. The net shift in E1/2 has been used to estimate the ratio of equilibrium constants for the binding of Cu(II) and Cu(I) complexes to calf thymus DNA.
PMCID: PMC1686294  PMID: 17497007
2.  Template Synthesis of Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) Complexes Derived From Oxamide Ligand and the Reactivity of Cu(II) Complex Towards Human Serum Albumin 
A new oxamide ligand 2,2'-(oxalydimino)bis(diacetic acid)[C10H11O10N2],[L] has been synthesized by the condensation reaction of Iminodiacetic acid and Diethyloxalate. This ligand [L] was further allowed to interact with triethylene-tetraamine metal complexes [C16H26N6O8M]Cl2 (where M=Co11, Ni11 and Cu11) to yield the new N4 macrocyclic complexes 3, 3', 6, 6' tetraazadodeca 1-1' diimino N N tetraacetic acid M) chloride ([C16H26N6O8Co]Cl2, [C16H26N6O8Ni]Cl2 and [C16H26N6O8Cu]Cl2). These complexes were characterized by elemental analyses, i.r., n.m.r., e.p.r, and u.v.-vis spectroscopy. All the complexes show square planar geometry and are ionic in nature. The kinetic studies of the Cu(lI) complex were ascertained spectrophotometrically by observing the absorbance changes in presence of protein Human Serum Albumin (HSA) in phosphate buffer at different pH's at 300C. The absorbance changes were monitored at 278 nm (λmax of HSA) with respect to time and pseudo-first-order rate constants, kobs, were obtained from the slope of the straight line using the least squares regression method. The electrochemical behaviour of the Cu(ll) complex was monitored by cyclic voltammetry in a phosphate buffer. The Ep values-0.730 and-0.560 V respectively, were obtained at the scan rate of 0.1 Vs-1. The interaction of the Cu(II) complex with the HSA was studied at the same scan rate, which reveals weak binding as the E0 values do not shift considerably. The cyclic voltammogram of the Cu(II) complex bound to HSA was recorded at different pH's also (6.5 to 7.4). The pH-rate profile data reveals that the reactions are pH dependent.
PMCID: PMC2267083  PMID: 18365078

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