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1.  Intravitreal triamcinolone with transpupillary therapy for subfoveal choroidal neovascularization in age related macular degeneration. A randomized controlled pilot study [ISRCTN74123635] 
BMC Ophthalmology  2005;5:27.
Background
To assess the effect of intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (iTA) as an adjunctive treatment to transpupillary therapy (TTT) for new subfoveal choroidal neovascular membranes (CNV) in age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
Methods
This prospective randomized controlled pilot study comprised 26 patients scheduled to receive TTT, due to either absent indications for photodynamic therapy or financial issues. Patients were assigned into; Group A (n = 14) received TTT alone and Group B (n = 12) received iTA (4 mg) followed by TTT within one week. Follow ups were at 2 weeks, and 1, 3 and 6 months for; best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) by ETDRS chart at 4 meters, intraocular pressures (IOP), fluorescein angiography (FAG), and central foveal thickness by optical coherence tomography (OCT).
Results
All 26 patients completed 6 months of follow ups. The average age for both groups was 74 years. Occult CNV formed 64% and 41%; classis/predominately classic 21% and 16.6%; and minimally classic 15% and 42.4% of group A and B respectively. At baseline; the mean BCVA was 0.045 for group A and 0.04 for group B; mean CNV size was 6.15 disc diameter (DD) and 2.44 DD; mean OCT foveal thickness was 513 um and 411 um for group A and B respectively with no statistical differences (P = 0.8, 0.07, and 0.19). At six months the proportion of patients gained ≥ 1 lines was 14% and 25% (P = 0.136) and stabilization was 86% and 66% (P = 0.336); the mean size of the CNV was 5.63 DD and 2.67 DD (P = 0.162); rate of CNV closure was 64% and 83% (P = 0.275); and the mean OCT central foveal thickness was 516.36 um and 453.67 um (P = 0.341), for group A and B respectively.
Conclusion
The use of iTA as an adjunctive to TTT for new subfoveal CNV in AMD showed a tendency towards better functional results. However due to the small sample size of the study a statistically significant results could not be reached.
doi:10.1186/1471-2415-5-27
PMCID: PMC1314893  PMID: 16309554
2.  Vitrectomy with complete posterior hyaloid removal for ischemic central retinal vein occlusion: Series of cases 
BMC Ophthalmology  2005;5:10.
Background
Central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) is a common retinal vascular disorder with potentially complications: (1) persistent macular edema and (2) neovascular glaucoma. No safe treatment exists that promotes the return of lost vision. Eyes with CRVO may be predisposed to vitreous degeneration. It has been suggested that if the vitreous remains attached to the macula owing to a firm vitreomacular adhesion, the resultant vitreous traction can cause inflammation with retinal capillary dilation, leakage and subsequent edema6. The roll of vitrectomy in ischemic CRVO surgical procedures has not been evaluated.
Case presentation
This is a non comparative, prospective, longitudinal, experimental and descriptive series of cases. Ten eyes with ischemic CRVO. Vitrectomy with complete posterior hyaloid removal was performed. VA, rubeosis, intraocular pressure (IOP), and macular edema were evaluated clinically. Multifocal ERG (m-ERG), fluorescein angiography (FAG) and optic coherence tomography (OCT) were performed. Follow-up was at least 6 months. Moderate improvement of visual acuity was observed in 60% eyes and stabilized in 40%. IOP changed from 15.7 ± 3.05 mmHg to 14.9 ± 2.69 mmHg post-operative and macular edema from 976 ± 196 μm to 640 ± 191 μm to six month. The P1 wave amplitude changed from 25.46 ± 12.4 mV to 20.54 ± 11.2 mV.
Conclusion
A solo PPV with posterior hyaloid removal may help to improve anatomic and functional retina conditions in some cases. These results should be considered when analyzing other surgical maneuvers.
doi:10.1186/1471-2415-5-10
PMCID: PMC1177960  PMID: 15943889

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