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1.  A clinical study to evaluate the efficacy of Trataka Yoga Kriya and eye exercises (non-pharmocological methods) in the management of Timira (Ammetropia and Presbyopia) 
Ayu  2012;33(4):543-546.
Timira is a disease that can be attributed to wide range of clinical conditions starting from mild blurring of vision and having potential risk of permanent vision loss. According to the involvement of Dhatus (body elements) the condition can be grouped into two stages. The initial stage or Uttana, where the involvement of Dhatus is limited to Rasa, Rakta (blood), and Mamsa Dhatu (muscle tissue). When the Doshas are localized in the first and second Patala refractive error do happen and in presbyopia more emphasis is given to Mamsa Dhatu. In this study only Uttana stage of Timira was considered. The clinical study was done on 66 patients of Timira in two groups of four sub groups each of myopia, hypermetropia, astigmatism, and presbyopia. Group A was subjected to eye exercises (Bates method) and Group B was subjected to Trataka Yoga Kriya. After the enrolment of patients for this study, signs and symptoms were assessed both subjectively and objectively before, during, and after treatment. The study indicates that subjectively there are significant results in both the groups but objectively there is not much improvement.
doi:10.4103/0974-8520.110534
PMCID: PMC3665208  PMID: 23723673
Eye exercises; refractive errors; Timira; Trataka Yoga Kriya
2.  A clinical study on the role of Akshi Tarpana with Jeevantyadi Ghrita in Timira (Myopia) 
Ayu  2011;32(4):540-545.
Myopia is a major public health problem pertaining to eye that entails substantial societal, personal, educational, and economical impact. Various surveys in India have found the prevalence of myopia ranging from 6.9% to 19.7%. Myopia progression is irreversible and methods for the correction of myopia are not without complications. Myopia closely resembles Timira involving first and second Patala in terms of symptoms, anatomical structures involved, and the pathogenesis of the disease. The study is aimed at evaluating the efficacy of the Akshi-Tarpana procedure with Jeevantyadi Ghrita in fresh and old myopes. A total of 54 patients (108 eyes) having myopia ≥-6 D were registered for the study and divided into two groups (Group A, Akshi-Tarpana with Jeevantyadi Ghrita, and Group B, Akshi-Tarpana with plain Go Ghrita), by stratified sampling. The procedure was done in 5 sittings of 5 days each with an equal interval of 5 days between each sitting. A total of 22 patients in Group A and 18 in Group B completed the treatment. Obtained data were statistically analyzed using a t-test and the study reveals that objectively, 09.30% and 05.55% eyes were cured, 16.28% and 02.78% markedly improved, and 34.88% and 11.11% moderately improved in Group A and B, respectively.
doi:10.4103/0974-8520.96130
PMCID: PMC3361932  PMID: 22661851
Akshi-Tarpana; Jeevantyadi Ghrita; Patala; Timira
3.  A clinical study on the effect of Arka Taila in the management of Karnasrava (Otomycosis) 
Ayu  2011;32(3):349-352.
Karnasrava is the condition characterized by discharge from Karna and occurs mainly due to Avarana of Vata Dosha. Otomycosis denotes diffuse otitis externa due to fungal infection in ear. Otomycosis being one of the causes of Karnasrava was selected for the study. The present study is done on 28 patients of Karnasrava, who were grouped in to two with 14 patients in each group. Group-A was treated with Arka Taila Karnapurana and Group-B with Clotrimazole ear drops (standard control). The signs and symptoms were studied before and after treatment. Result of the study indicates that Arka Taila and Clotrimazole are equally effective in all the signs and symptoms of Karnasrava (Otomycosis).
doi:10.4103/0974-8520.93912
PMCID: PMC3326880  PMID: 22529649
Arka Taila; Avarana; Karnasrava; Otomycosis
4.  Clinical efficacy of “Bhadra Mustadi Paste” and “Nagaradi Kwatha Gandusha” in Shitada (Gingivitis) 
Ayu  2011;32(2):218-224.
Shitada is one of the Dantamulagata Rogas mentioned by Acarya Susruta under the heading of Mukha Rogas. It is characterized by symptoms like spontaneous bleeding, halitosis, blackish discoloration of gums, and so on. The symptomatology of Shitada can be compared with gingivitis, which is caused mainly by the accumulation of debris, plaque, and calculus at the tooth margin due to ignorance of oral care. It can progress into periodontitis – the disease in which the firmness, contour, and position of the gums are altered and teeth become mobile. The prevalence of gingivitis is as high as 50% in most of the population. In the present study, a total of 33 patients were registered in three groups. Bhadramustadi yoga has been used in paste form for local application along with Nagaradi Kwatha Gandusa in Group A and in powder form for Pratisarana along with Nagaradi Kwatha Gandusa in Group B. In Group C (Control) Sphatika Jala was used. The patients were diagnosed and assessed on the basis of Ayurvedic as well as modern classical signs and symptoms. Further assessment was done with the different indices used in modern dentistry. All the signs and symptoms were given a score depending upon the severity, to assess the effect of the drugs objectively. The effect of therapy was highly significant in group A in most of the signs, symptoms, and indices; and in group B it was highly significant in some signs and symptoms.
doi:10.4103/0974-8520.92590
PMCID: PMC3296344  PMID: 22408306
Bhadramustadi yoga; bleeding gums; Dantamula; Gingivitis; Nagaradi Kwatha; oral hygiene; Shitada

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