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5.  CLASSIFICATION OF LOW BACK PAIN 
PMCID: PMC2051084  PMID: 17987181
Low back pain
6.  VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY OF CLINICAL TESTS FOR THE SACROILIAC JOINT 
PMCID: PMC2051081
Sacroiliac joint; reliability; validity; clinical tests; clinical challenge
7.  VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY OF CLINICAL TESTS FOR THE SACROILIAC JOINT 
Background: The sacroiliac joint (SIJ) can be a source of low back pain. The complexity of the system involving the SIJ and the varied SIJ pain referral pattern makes it difficult to clinically assess SIJ dysfunction. Despite the emergence of detail of the SIJ complex, the basis of the clinical tests has not been thoroughly investigated.
Objective: To review the literature from the last decade dealing with the validity and reliability of clinical tests for SIJ dysfunction in order to determine which tests are reliable and valid.
Discussion: For clinical tests with multiple studies, there was agreement on reliability for Gaenslens, Thigh Thrust test, Finger Point test and SIJ Pain Mapping and agreement on validity for Thigh Thrust test. However, Gillets Test, Patrick’s FABER and Sacral Thrust/Compression were considered invalid and unreliable, although these results may have been influenced by methodological shortcomings. Examination of the entire SIJ complex may mean that a series of tests are required.
PMCID: PMC2051080  PMID: 17987177
Sacroiliac joint; reliability; validity; clinical tests
8.  FIBROMYALGIA 
Background: Fibromyalgia is a common chronic musculoskeletal pain syndrome, however its characteristics, diagnosis and management have not always been well understood. There is now increasing understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms of fibromyalgia and development of more effective management strategies.
Objective: To explain the characteristics and diagnostic features of fibromyalgia. A discussion of current management strategies is included.
Discussion: Fibromyalgia patients have a central pain system problem that results in widespread musculoskeletal pain, and many other disabling features in the absence of tissue damage. The ability to exclude other pathology and recognize the disorder is important, as there are very real management options available. Management is most effective as a multidisciplinary, layered approach. It is important to involve the patient in their own treatment program, to enhance its success.
PMCID: PMC2051079  PMID: 17987178
Fibromyalgia; diagnosis; management
9.  PATHOLOGICAL FRACTURES; A CONSIDERATION WITH METACHONDROMATOSIS AND DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSES 
Background: Metachondromatosis is a condition that causes gross conical metaphyseal expansion (sometimes irregular), cortical thinning, exostoses. Metachondromatous lesions occur mainly in the extremities and are roughly symmetrical. The lesions can involve the bones of the hand and all long bones in the arms and legs. The distribution in this case additionally involved the acromion process and ischia. The bone changes, although dramatic, can be confused with other types of metaphyseal dysplasia such as Gaucher disease and multiple exostoses.
Objective: This paper will review the literature with regard to Metachondromatosis, Gaucher disease and Osteochondromatosis due to their similarities. The case study serves as an example of these findings and documents a history of fractures secondary to the obvious bone changes.
Discussion: Clinical manifestations of these conditions and how they may present to the manual therapist are discussed. With respect to Metachondromatosis, the manual therapist needs to be mindful of pathological fractures that can occur with little trauma. Manual therapists are cautioned against using long bones as levers for spinal manipulation in these patients.
PMCID: PMC2051078  PMID: 17987186
Metachondromatosis; Osteochondromatosis; manual therapies; manipulation; chiropractic; contraindications; fractures; case report
10.  COMMUNICATION BETWEEN HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS AND THE MULTIDISCIPLINARY FOCUS 
PMCID: PMC2051077  PMID: 17987176
Chiropractic; communication
11.  A USER’S GUIDE TO THE CHIROPRACTIC AND OSTEOPATHIC LITERATURE 
PMCID: PMC2051075  PMID: 17987180
Systematic review; chiropractic; osteopathy
12.  GENERAL SURVEY AND SIGNS 
PMCID: PMC2051074
Clinical challenge
13.  CLINICAL UPDATE 
PMCID: PMC2051073  PMID: 17987179
Shoulder pain; chiropractic; Scapulo-costal Syndrome
14.  FIBROMYALGIA 
PMCID: PMC2051072
Fibromyalgia; diagnosis; management; clinical challenge
15.  HOW TO READ A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW 
PMCID: PMC2051071
Clinical challenge; systematic review
20.  PAIN RELIEF 
PMCID: PMC2051059
21.  Record keeping chart… 
PMCID: PMC2051067
Clinical procedures; chiropractic
22.  MULTISEGMENTAL STABILITY 
PMCID: PMC2051066  PMID: 17987173
Chiropractic; rehabilitation
23.  EVALUATING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CARE IN NECK AND BACK PAIN 
Background: Objective outcome measures reflecting the level of effectiveness of care is a clinical imperative for practitioners dealing with neck and back pain. It is widely recognised that there is no relationship between physical pathology, pain and disability. Traditional measures of function such as range of motion and strength, on their own, are no longer sufficient when assessing treatment outcomes.
Objective: Five patient-based objective outcome tools for measuring pain and four for measuring disability are outlined with a view to encouraging their use when managing back and neck pain.
Discussion: All of the outcome measures presented in this review have a high clinical utility when managing patients with neck and back pain. That is, they have been shown to be valid and reliable as well as being easy to administer and score.
PMCID: PMC2051064  PMID: 17987170
Outcome measures; back pain; neck pain; disability
24.  Editorial 
PMCID: PMC2051063  PMID: 17987168
Chiropractic; evidence
25.  LATERAL ANKLE INJURY 
Background: Injury to the ankle joint is the most common peripheral joint injury. The sports that most commonly produce high ankle injury rates in their participating athletes include: basketball, netball, and the various codes of football.
Objective: To provide an up to date understanding of manual therapy relevant to lateral ligament injury of the ankle. A discussion of the types of ligament injury and common complicating factors that present with lateral ankle pain is presented along with a review of relevant anatomy, assessment and treatment. Also included is a discussion of the efficacy of manual therapy in the treatment of ankle sprain.
Discussion: A detailed knowledge of the anatomy of the ankle as well as the early recognition of factors that may delay the rate of healing are important considerations when developing a management plan for inversion sprains of the ankle. This area appears to be under-researched however it was found that movement therapy and its various forms appear to be the most efficient and most effective method of treating uncomplicated ankle injury. Future investigations should involve a study to determine the effect chiropractic treatment (manipulation) may have on the injured ankle.
PMCID: PMC2051062  PMID: 17987171
Ankle; sport; injury; treatment; chiropractic

Results 1-25 (28)