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1.  Osteoblastoma of C2 Corpus: 4 Years Follow-up 
Asian Spine Journal  2012;6(2):136-139.
Osteoblastomas are rare neoplasms of the spine. The majority of the spinal lesions arise from the posterior elements and involvement of the corpus is usually by extension through the pedicles. An extremely rare case of isolated C2 corpus osteoblastoma is presented herein. A 9-year-old boy who presented with neck pain and spasmodic torticollis was shown to have a lesion within the corpus of C2. He underwent surgery via an anterior cervical approach and the completely-resected mass was reported to be an osteoblastoma. The pain resolved immediately after surgery and he had radiologic assessments on a yearly basis. He was symptom-free 4 years post-operatively with benign radiologic findings. Although rare, an osteoblastoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of neck pain and torticollis, especially in patients during the first two decades of life. The standard treatment for osteoblastomas is radical surgical excision because the recurrence rate is high following incomplete resection.
doi:10.4184/asj.2012.6.2.136
PMCID: PMC3372549  PMID: 22708018
Osteoblastoma; Osteoid osteoma; C2 corpus; Anterior cervical approach
2.  Radiological Analysis of the Triangular Working Zone during Transforaminal Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy 
Asian Spine Journal  2012;6(2):98-104.
Study Design
Clinical study.
Purpose
The dimensions of the working zone for endoscopic lumbar discectomy should be evaluated by preoperative magnetic resonance images. The aim of this study was to analyze the angle of the roots, root area, and foraminal area.
Overview of Literature
Few studies have reported on the triangular working zone during transforaminal endoscopic lumbar discectomy. Many risk factors and restrictions for this procedure have been proposed.
Methods
Images of 39 patients were analyzed bilaterally at the levels of L3-L4 and L4-L5. Bilateral axial and coronal angles of the roots, root area, and foraminal area were calculated.
Results
No significant difference was observed between the axial angle of the left and right L3 root. A significant difference was found between the axial angle of right and left L4 roots. A significant difference was observed when the coronal angle of the right and left L3 roots were compared, but no significant difference was found when the coronal angle of the right and left L4 roots were compared. No significant difference was observed when the foraminal area of the right and left L3 and L4 roots were compared, but a significant difference was observed when the root area of right and left L3 and L4 roots were compared.
Conclusions
We suggest that these radiological measurements should be obtained for safety reasons before endoscopic discectomy surgery.
doi:10.4184/asj.2012.6.2.98
PMCID: PMC3372555  PMID: 22708013
Triangular working zone; Endoscopy; Lumbar

Results 1-2 (2)