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1.  Surgical Correction of Fixed Kyphosis 
Asian Spine Journal  2007;1(1):12-18.
Study Design
A retrospective review was carried out on 23 patients with rigid fixed kyphosis who underwent surgical correction for their deformity.
Purpose
To report the results of surgical correction of fixed kyphosis according to the surgical approaches or methods.
Overview of Literature
Surgical correction of fixed kyphosis is more dangerous than the correction of any other spinal deformity because of the high incidence of paraplegia.
Methods
There were 12 cases of acute angular kyphosis (6 congenital, 6 healed tuberculosis) and 11 cases of round kyphosis (10 ankylosing spondylitis, 1 Scheuermann's kyphosis). Patients were excluded if their kyphosis was due to active tuberculosis, fractures, or degenerative lumbar changes. Operative procedures consisted of anterior, posterior and combined approaches with or without total vertebrectomy. Anterior procedure only was performed in 2 cases, while posterior procedure only was performed in 8 cases. Combined procedures were used in 13 cases, including 4 total vertebrectomies.
Results
The average kyphotic angle was 71.8° preoperatively, 31.0° postoperatively, and the average final angle was 39.2°. Thus, the correction rate was 57% and the correction loss rate was 12%. In acute angular kyphosis, correction rate of an anterior procedure only was 71%, correction rate of the combined procedures without total vertebrectomy was 49% and correction rate of the combined procedures with total vertebrectomy was 60%. In round kyphosis, correction rate of posterior procedure only was 65% and correction rate of combined procedures was 59%. The clinical results according to the Kirkaldy-Willis scale demonstrated 17 excellent outcomes, 5 good outcomes and one poor outcome.
Conclusions
Our data indicates that the combined approach and especially the total vertebrectomy showed the safety and the greatest correction rate if acute angular kyphosis was greater than 60 degrees.
doi:10.4184/asj.2007.1.1.12
PMCID: PMC2857494  PMID: 20411147
Surgical correction; Fixed kyphosis; Total vertebrectomy
2.  Cervical Myelopathy Secondary to Atlas Hypoplasia - Reports of 3 Adult Cases - 
Asian Spine Journal  2007;1(1):48-52.
There have been paucity of reports on atlas hypoplasia, and as a result this condition is not clearly defined, nor well understood. The authors reported three cases of atlas hypoplasia that were found in adults who presented with myelopathic symptoms. On radiographic examination, it was found that the anterior-posterior diameter of the atlas was remarkably narrower in all three cases in comparison with normal persons. The MRI in all three cases also revealed intramedullary high signal lesions at the levels where severe spinal cord compression was present. This led to our diagnosis of atlas hypoplasia causing myelopathy.
doi:10.4184/asj.2007.1.1.48
PMCID: PMC2857503  PMID: 20411153
Atlas hypoplasia; Cervical myelopathy; Cervical spinal stenosis

Results 1-2 (2)