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1.  Brachial plexitis following bee sting 
doi:10.4103/0972-2327.99740
PMCID: PMC3424813  PMID: 22919208
2.  Brachial plexitis following bee sting 
doi:10.4103/0972-2327.120435
PMCID: PMC3841647  PMID: 24339626
3.  Plasmapheresis in neurological disorders: Experience from a tertiary care hospital in South India 
Background:
Therapeutic plasma exchange (PE) or plasmapheresis is the treatment of choice in many neurological disorders. Even though it is safe in experienced hands, there is a major concern about its safety among physicians.
Objectives:
To analyze our experience with 230 patients who underwent PE for various neurological disorders.
Materials and Methods:
Retrospective review of PE procedures done during a period of 48 months, from July 2007 to June 2011 in a tertiary care teaching hospital in South India. Indications, clinical results and technical factors are discussed.
Results:
The main indication for PE was GBS (203 patients; 88.3%). Age of patients ranged from 14-65 (mean = 42.3 years). The most common complications were paraesthesias and/or cramps (36.1%) and hypotension (32.2%). Four pregnant patients who underwent PE had good recovery with one intrauterine death. There was no mortality.
Conclusion:
The analysis of 240 cases of PE done in our department shows that the procedure is safe, with only minimal procedure related complications and no mortality.
doi:10.4103/0972-2327.144301
PMCID: PMC4350207  PMID: 25745304
Continuous flow method; Guillain-Barré syndrome; plasmapheresis; therapeutic plasma exchange
4.  Recurrence rate of seizure following discontinuation of anti-epileptic drugs in patients with normal long term electroencephalography 
Background:
The usefulness of electroencephalography (EEG) in predicting seizure recurrence after antiepileptic drugs (AED) tapering is a controversial subject. There have been no studies which tested the additional yield of long-term over routine EEG recordings in predicting seizure recurrence after AED withdrawal.
Objective:
The primary objective of our study is to determine the recurrence rate of seizure following AED withdrawal in patients with focal epilepsy, unknown cause who had normal long-term electroencephalography (LTEEG) and secondary objective is to analyze the variables that would predict seizure recurrence.
Materials and Methods:
This was a prospective observational study. A total of 91 patients were included. 62 patients who had normal routine and LTEEG entered the final phase of the study were followed-up regularly for 1 year or until seizure recurrence whichever was earlier.
Results:
A total number of 91 patients were enrolled for the first phase of the study. Of these, 13 (14.29%) patients had an abnormal routine EEG. Of the remaining patients, another 16 (17.58%) had abnormal LTEEG. The remaining 62 patients with normal routine and long-term EEG entered the final phase of the study. Of these, 17 patients (27.41%) had seizure recurrence during the follow-up while 45 (72.58%) remained seizure free until the end of the 1 year follow-up. The significant variables associated with a higher risk of seizure relapse were a positive past history of seizure recurrence on prior drug withdrawal (relative risk: 2.19, confidence interval: 1.01-4.74, P < 0.05) and the duration of epilepsy until seizure control was achieved (P < 0.009).
Conclusions:
The recurrence rate of seizure in patients with a normal LTEEG is 27.41%. A positive past history of seizure recurrence and a longer time to achieve seizure freedom with AED increased the risk of seizure recurrence.
doi:10.4103/0972-2327.138492
PMCID: PMC4162012  PMID: 25221395
Antiepileptic drugs; electroencephalography; epilepsy
5.  Acute stroke-like presentation of acquired hepatocerebral degeneration 
Neurological manifestations in liver diseases have been well-described. Parkinsonism developing in cirrhotic patients is a unique clinical, neuroradiological, and biological entity. The symptoms are often insidious in onset and occur after liver disease has made its presentation. Acute dysarthria as the presenting manifestation of cirrhosis is rare. Here we report three cases where liver disease made an unusual presentation as acute dysarthria. In all cases the abruptness of the onset prompted the treating physicians to make a diagnosis of stroke. The computed tomography (CT) scans of all these patients did not show any evidence of stroke. This was followed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) which showed the characteristic symmetric high-signal intensities in globus pallidus and substantia nigra in T1-weighted images, a reflection of increased tissue concentrations of manganese that helped in making a retrospective diagnosis of liver disease, confirmed later by altered serum albumin to globulin ratios and altered liver echo texture in ultra sonogram.
doi:10.4103/0972-2327.132631
PMCID: PMC4090849  PMID: 25024574
AHCD; MRI; pallidal hyperintensities; stroke
7.  First case of scrub typhus with meningoencephalitis from Kerala: An emerging infectious threat 
Scrub typhus is a rickettsial disease caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, one of the most common infectious diseases in the Asia-Pacific region. It has been reported from northern, eastern, and southern India, and its presence has been documented in at least 11 Indian states. However, scrub typhus meningoencephalitis has not been well documented in Kerala. We report two cases of scrub typhus meningoencephalitis from northern Kerala. The diagnosis was made based on the clinical pictures, presence of eschar, and a positive Weil–Felix test with a titer of > 1:320. The first patient succumbed to illness due to respiratory failure and the second patient improved well.
doi:10.4103/0972-2327.95002
PMCID: PMC3345595  PMID: 22566732
Meningoencephalitis; rickettsia; scrub typhus

Results 1-9 (9)