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jtitle_s:("anesti Prog")
1.  Avoidance of nitrous oxide and increased isoflurane during alfentanil based anesthesia decreases the incidence of postoperative nausea. 
Anesthesia Progress  1997;44(1):27-31.
Postoperative nausea and vomiting have been associated with the use of nitrous oxide. Alfentanil, when combined with nitrous oxide, also results in a high incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting. To further define this emesis-potentiating effect of N2O, 119 patients were chosen for study and divided into two groups: group A (n = 59) was administered a mixture of alfentanil, N2O, and O2 with 0.25% isoflurane, group B (n = 60) was administered a mixture of oxygen, room air, isofluorane, and alfentanil. The incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting was ascertained by a blinded observer in the recovery room. All 119 patients were scheduled for extra-abdominal procedures (excluding thoracotomial, intracranial, ophthalmologic, and middle ear surgery). Patients with a previous history of nausea and vomiting, hiatal hernias, reflux esophagitis, or morbid obesity were excluded. The incidence of vomiting was 5% (3/60) in group B and 15% (8/59) in group A (P = 0.067). Forty-four percent (26/59) of the patients in group A and 20% (12/59) in group B were nauseated postoperatively (P = 0.005). Our data suggest that elimination of N2O from alfentanil-based anesthetics lessens the incidence of nausea.
PMCID: PMC2148860  PMID: 9481978

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