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1.  Essentials of Airway Management, Oxygenation, and Ventilation: Part 1: Basic Equipment and Devices 
Anesthesia Progress  2014;61(2):78-83.
Offices and outpatient dental facilities must be properly equipped with devices for airway management, oxygenation, and ventilation. Optimizing patient safety using crisis resource management (CRM) involves the entire dental office team being familiar with airway rescue equipment. Basic equipment for oxygenation, ventilation, and airway management is mandated in the majority of US dental offices per state regulations. The immediate availability of this equipment is especially important during the administration of sedation and anesthesia as well as the treatment of medical urgencies/emergencies. This article reviews basic equipment and devices essential in any dental practice whether providing local anesthesia alone or in combination with procedural sedation. Part 2 of this series will address advanced airway devices, including supraglottic airways and armamentarium for tracheal intubation and invasive airway procedures.
PMCID: PMC4068090  PMID: 24932982
Airway management; Oxygenation; Ventilation; Equipment; Devices
2.  Adverse Drug Reactions in Dental Practice 
Anesthesia Progress  2014;61(1):26-34.
Adverse reactions may occur with any of the medications prescribed or administered in dental practice. Most of these reactions are somewhat predictable based on the pharmacodynamic properties of the drug. Others, such as allergic and pseudoallergic reactions, are less common and unrelated to normal drug action. This article will review the most common adverse reactions that are unrelated to drug allergy.
PMCID: PMC3975611  PMID: 24697823
Adverse drug reactions; Drug side effects; Dentistry
3.  Continuing Education Program 
Anesthesia Progress  2014;61(1):35.
PMCID: PMC3975613
4.  Drug Allergies and Implications for Dental Practice 
Anesthesia Progress  2013;60(4):188-197.
Adverse reactions to medications prescribed or administered in dental practice can be worrying. Most of these reactions are somewhat predictable based on the pharmacodynamic properties of the drug. Others, such as allergic and pseudoallergic reactions, are generally unpredictable and unrelated to normal drug action. This article will review immune and nonimmune-mediated mechanisms that account for allergic and related reactions to the particular drug classes commonly used in dentistry. The appropriate management of these reactions will also be addressed.
PMCID: PMC3891459  PMID: 24423421
Drug allergy; Drug side effects; Dentistry
5.  Continuing Education Program 
Anesthesia Progress  2013;60(4):198.
PMCID: PMC3891460
6.  Continuing Education Program 
Anesthesia Progress  2013;60(3):124.
PMCID: PMC3771200
7.  Antithrombotic Drugs: Pharmacology and Implications for Dental Practice 
Anesthesia Progress  2013;60(2):72-80.
Appropriate preoperative assessment of the dental patient should always include an analysis of the patient's medications. This article reviews the actions and indications for the various categories of antithrombotic medications and considers actual risks for postoperative bleeding and potential interactions with drugs the dental provider might administer or prescribe.
PMCID: PMC3683884  PMID: 23763563
Drug interactions; Drug side effects; Antiplatelet drugs; Anticoagulants; Postoperative bleeding; Dental treatment
8.  Basic and Clinical Pharmacology of Glucocorticosteroids 
Anesthesia Progress  2013;60(1):25-32.
Glucocorticosteroids are a product of the adrenal cortex and perform a staggering number of physiological effects essential for life. Their clinical use is largely predicated on their anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties, but they also have notable efficacy in the prophylaxis of postoperative nausea and vomiting. This article reviews the basic functions of glucocorticoids and their clinical use in dental practice.
PMCID: PMC3601727  PMID: 23506281
Glucocorticosteroid; Trauma; Postoperative swelling; PONV; Dentistry; Mucosal lesions
9.  Basic and Clinical Pharmacology of Autonomic Drugs 
Anesthesia Progress  2012;59(4):159-169.
Autonomic drugs are used clinically to either imitate or inhibit the normal functions of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems. A large number of additional drug classes also interact with these systems to produce a stunning number of possible side effects. This article reviews the basic function of the autonomic nervous system and the various drug classes that act within these neural synapses.
PMCID: PMC3522494  PMID: 23241039
Autonomic drugs; Sympathomimetics; Adrenergic agonists; Adrenergic antagonists; Cholinergic drugs; Anticholinergic drugs
10.  Continuing Education Program 
Anesthesia Progress  2012;59(4):170.
PMCID: PMC3522495
11.  Author Index, Volume 59 
Anesthesia Progress  2012;59(4):171.
PMCID: PMC3522496
12.  Subject Index, Volume 59 
Anesthesia Progress  2012;59(4):172.
PMCID: PMC3522497  PMID: 23506254
13.  Local Anesthesia Part 2: Technical Considerations 
Anesthesia Progress  2012;59(3):127-137.
An earlier paper by Becker and Reed provided an in-depth review of the pharmacology of local anesthetics. This continuing education article will discuss the importance to the safe and effective delivery of these drugs, including needle gauge, traditional and alternative injection techniques, and methods to make injections more comfortable to patients.
PMCID: PMC3468291  PMID: 23050753
Local anesthetics; Dentistry; Techniques; Needle gauge; Warming; Buffering; Novel devices
14.  Continuing Education Program 
Anesthesia Progress  2012;59(3):138.
PMCID: PMC3468292
15.  Continuing Education Program 
Anesthesia Progress  2012;59(2):103.
PMCID: PMC3403580
16.  Local Anesthetics: Review of Pharmacological Considerations 
Anesthesia Progress  2012;59(2):90-102.
Local anesthetics have an impressive history of efficacy and safety in medical and dental practice. Their use is so routine, and adverse effects are so infrequent, that providers may understandably overlook many of their pharmacotherapeutic principles. The purpose of this continuing education article is to provide a review and update of essential pharmacology for the various local anesthetic formulations in current use. Technical considerations will be addressed in a subsequent article.
PMCID: PMC3403589  PMID: 22822998
Local anesthetics; Pharmacology; Drug toxicity; Dentistry
17.  Pharmacodynamic Considerations for Moderate and Deep Sedation 
Anesthesia Progress  2012;59(1):28-42.
Moderate and deep sedation can be provided using various classes of drugs, each having unique mechanisms of action. While drugs within a given classification share similar mechanisms and effects, certain classes demonstrate superior efficacy but added concern regarding safety. This continuing education article will highlight essential principles of pharmacodynamics and apply these to drugs commonly used to produce moderate and deep sedation.
PMCID: PMC3309299  PMID: 22428972
Pharmacodynamics; Drug actions; Drug mechanisms; Sedation
18.  Continuing Education Program 
Anesthesia Progress  2012;59(1):43.
PMCID: PMC3309301
19.  Continuing Education Program 
Anesthesia Progress  2011;58(2):93.
PMCID: PMC3198132
20.  Continuing Education Program 
Anesthesia Progress  2011;58(1):42.
PMCID: PMC3262401
21.  Adverse Drug Interactions 
Anesthesia Progress  2011;58(1):31-41.
The potential for interactions with current medications should always be considered when administering or prescribing any drug. Considering the staggering number of drugs patients may be taking, this task can be daunting. Fortunately, drug classes employed in dental practice are relatively few in number and therapy is generally brief in duration. While this reduces the volume of potential interactions, there are still a significant number to be considered. This article will review basic principles of drug interactions and highlight those of greatest concern in dental practice.
PMCID: PMC3265267  PMID: 21410363
Drug interactions; CYP450; Drug potentiation; Drug synergism
22.  IFDAS News, July 2008 
Anesthesia Progress  2008;55(4):133.
PMCID: PMC2614652
23.  New Center for Sedation and Anesthesiology Dedicated 
Anesthesia Progress  2008;55(3):101-103.
PMCID: PMC2533642
24.  Essentials of Local Anesthetic Pharmacology 
Anesthesia Progress  2006;53(3):98-109.
It is impossible to provide effective dental care without the use of local anesthetics. This drug class has an impressive history of safety and efficacy, but all local anesthetics have the potential to produce significant toxicity if used carelessly. The purpose of this review is to update the practitioner on issues regarding the basic pharmacology and clinical use of local anesthetic formulations.
PMCID: PMC1693664  PMID: 17175824
Local anesthetic pharmacology
25.  Fundamentals of Electrocardiography Interpretation 
Anesthesia Progress  2006;53(2):53-64.
The use of dynamic electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring is regarded as a standard of care during general anesthesia and is strongly encouraged when providing deep sedation. Although significant cardiovascular changes rarely if ever can be attributed to mild or moderate sedation techniques, the American Dental Association recommends ECG monitoring for patients with significant cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this continuing education article is to review basic principals of ECG monitoring and interpretation.
PMCID: PMC1614214  PMID: 16863387
Electrocardiography; Patient monitoring; Continuing education

Results 1-25 (29)