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1.  PHARMACOLOGICAL STUDIES OF ARAUCARIA BIDWILLI HOOK 
Ancient Science of Life  1993;13(1-2):137-142.
Leaf and oleoresin fractions of both alcoholic and petroleum ether extracts of Araucaria bidwillii exhibited significant prolongation of pentobarbitones sleeping time at a dose of 300 and 100 mg/kg body weight respectively in mice. This effect is more pronounced for oleoresin than the leaf extracts. Further, the two extracts seem to possess analgesic effect comparable to aspirin by writing method. The analgesic activity is found to be higher in oleoresin than the leaf extracts. Both the extracts are found to show high anti inflammatory activity comparable to phenylbutzaone by cotton pellet granuloma method.
PMCID: PMC3336530  PMID: 22556639
2.  A CRITICAL STUDY OF THE CONCEPT OF AMLAPITTA AND PARINAMASULA 
Ancient Science of Life  1993;13(1-2):111-118.
The various aspects of theory and treatment of Amlapitta and Parinamasula are presented in this paper.
PMCID: PMC3336531  PMID: 22556636
3.  TWO FRENCH PIONEER HISTORIANS OF INDIAN MEDICINE 
Ancient Science of Life  1993;13(1-2):2-10.
This text constitutes a summary of the author's recent book on Gustave Lietard (1833 – 1904) and Palmyr Cordier (1871 – 1914), the first historians of Ayurveda in France. In this book, their writings are reprinted and analysed in a long introduction of Ayurvedic historiography.
PMCID: PMC3336532  PMID: 22556628
4.  STANDARDISATION STUDIES ON SOME MERCURIALS OF SIDDHA SYSTEM* 
Ancient Science of Life  1993;13(1-2):143-147.
Ilinkaccenturam No.1, Canta Cantirotayam, Kowri Cintamani Centuram and Cati Campirakkulampu the four mercurial drugs of Siddha system of medicine have been chemically analysed for laying down standards. The physico-chemicals data presented can be taken as parameters to fix standards.
PMCID: PMC3336533  PMID: 22556640
5.  STUDIES ON THE METHOD – ETHNOBOTANY OF CALOTROPIS GIGANTEA AND C.PROCERA 
Ancient Science of Life  1993;13(1-2):40-56.
The paper reviews the economic and traditional medicinal uses of the plants, Calotropis gigantean and C. procera from the published literature from various of India. The ethno-medicinal uses of the former species in Orissa are also incorporated. Their distribution in India, Botany, Physical and Chemical properties of the plant parts are provided. Uses of the traditional medicines and their authentication as evidence by the available clinical trials are discussed. Besides, uses and standardization of doses against various ailments are suggested.
PMCID: PMC3336534  PMID: 22556631
6.  POST – CAUTERY EFFECT OF UDUMBAR OINTMENT ON CERVICAL EROSION 
Ancient Science of Life  1993;13(1-2):97-101.
A 60% (W/W) simple ointment of Udumbar (Ficus glomeruta) was prepared. The cases of cervical erosion were selected from S.S. Hospital, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi. The ointment was applied in the form of tampon following electric cauterization and compared the results with the triples sulpha ointment. It showed 95% cure rate as against 85% of Triple sulpha treated cases.
PMCID: PMC3336535  PMID: 22556634
7.  ANTI-INFLAMMATORY ACTIVIY OF PREMNA TOMENTOSA WILLD. IN ALBINO RATS 
Ancient Science of Life  1993;13(1-2):185-188.
An alcoholic extract of the leaves of Premna tomentosa Willd at a dose of 100 mg/kg body weight exhibited significant anti-inflammatory activity in albino rats. The extract caused reduction in the weight of spleen, thymus and adrenals. It reduced cotton pellet granuloma by 32.21%. The serum biochemical parameters showed reduction in protein, acid phosphatase and transaminases. The activity of P. tomentosa was comparable to phenylbutazone.
PMCID: PMC3336536  PMID: 22556646
8.  ANTI-INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITIES OF SOME SPECIES OF ANDROGRAPHIS WALL. (ACANTHACEAE) 
Ancient Science of Life  1993;13(1-2):180-184.
The anti – inflammatory activities of the alcoholic extracts of three species of Andrographis Wall. were assayed at a dose of 500 mg/kg body weight in Male albino rats using carrageenin induced rat paw edema. All the extracts were screened for their anti-inflammatory activities in Carrageenin induced inflammation in rats. The maximal anti-inflammatory activity was found with the alcoholic extract of Andrographis alata Nees.
PMCID: PMC3336537  PMID: 22556645
9.  EFFECT OF PANCHAKAVVYAM, AN INDIGENOUS DRUG ON THE LIPID LEVELS AND RELATED ENZYMES IN FIBROSARCOMA – BEARING RATS 
Ancient Science of Life  1993;13(1-2):148-153.
In Yajur Vedhika, “Panchakavvyam”, an indigenous preparation, is referred to have anticarcinogenic property. In firbosarcoma, Panchakavvyam has been tried, which on feeding promotes longevity of rats. The advantageous effect of the drug is substantial, so we tried to study the lipid changes in serum of both control and experimental animals. A significance increase in free cholesterol and phospholipids (p<0.001); total cholesterol and free fatty acids; a significant decrease in (p<0.001) ester cholesterol; and triglycerides. Among the enzymes, a significant increase in cholesterol ester hydrolase are observed. On panchakavvyam administration to the humour-bearing rats, a significant increase in ester cholesterol and triglycerides; and a gradual decrease in total cholesterol, free cholesterol, phospholipids and free fatty acids; and a significant decrease in cholesterol ester synthetase and an increase in the level of cholesterol ester.
PMCID: PMC3336538  PMID: 22556641
10.  A REVIEW ON LICORICE 
Ancient Science of Life  1993;13(1-2):57-88.
Licorice (Glycyrrhizaglabra L) is an important herb used in almost all systems of medicine. The author tries to present in this article a comprehensive review on all aspects of Licorice.
PMCID: PMC3336539  PMID: 22556632
11.  ANTIMYCOTIC EFFECT OF FIXED OILS TREATED WITH HERBAL SEEDS ON THE GROWTH OF FUNGI CAUSING OTOMYCOSIS 
Ancient Science of Life  1993;13(1-2):160-164.
Invitro antimycotic effect of the coconut, mustard, groundnut & soyabeen oils and the seeds of trigonella, ajwoin, mustard and garlic bulbs were mixed in the above oil samples to determine their effect on the spore germination of five pathogenic fungi i.e., Aspergillus niger, A.flavus, Absidia corymbifera, Penicilium nigricans and Candida albicans, isolated from otitic fungal infection of external ear (tympanic membrane) of human beings of different places. Growth of these fungi was completely inhibited by the oil of mustard when mixed seeds of trigonella, ajwoin, mustard and garlic bulbs, while coconut oil with ajwoin seeds was found to be less funitoxic. In addition to these other oils and different plant parts were also found to have fungitoxicity against test pathogens and increase pf 50 – 100 percent inhibition was noted in these cases. Present study indicated the possible role of test oils and different plant parts in control of otomycosis in human being after further experimental in-vivo condition.
PMCID: PMC3336540  PMID: 22556643
12.  VISUALIZATION AND QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF PULSE DIAGNOSIS IN AYURVEDA – IIND REPORT 
Ancient Science of Life  1993;13(1-2):19-39.
The findings of Nadi Vijnana of 53 asymptomatic adult males were compared with the results of the blood examinations and the radial pulse pressure wave analysis conducted concomitantly. K pulse had elongated fatty pulse wave contour which is opposite to the slime V one, on the other hand, P pulse had the vibratory contour as the basic principles of Ayurveda. K pulse or K/P pulse had the largest inertia resistance. All these results were characterstic circulatory conditions and sympathetic tones for each pulse.
PMCID: PMC3336541  PMID: 22556630
13.  VISUALIZATION AND QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF PULSE DIAGNOSIS IN AYURVEDA – IIIrd REPORT 
Ancient Science of Life  1993;13(1-2):125-136.
The findings of the Nadi Vijnana of 53 asymptotic adult males were compared with the results of the radial pulse pressure wave analysis by Fourier analysis and 1st differentiation of the original waves. There are significant differences of height and latency of peaks among some pulse diagnosis findings. The possibility to calculate the Dosa balance and the conditions of Subdosa Dhatu of the body with the analysis of radial pulse waves by machine was suspected.
PMCID: PMC3336542  PMID: 22556638
14.  STUDY OF KUSTHA (SAUSSUREA LAPPA, Clarke) IN ISCHAEMIC HEART DISEASE 
Ancient Science of Life  1993;13(1-2):11-18.
This article reports the results obtained from a study of the usefulness of Saussurea Lappa on the treatment of Ichaemic Heart Diseases.
PMCID: PMC3336543  PMID: 22556629
15.  COMPARATIVE STUDIES OF RUBIA CORDIFOLIA LINN. AND RUBIA TINCTORUM LINN (RUBIACEAE)* 
Ancient Science of Life  1993;13(1-2):165-179.
Comparative morphological microscopical and phytochemical studies of root and stem parts of R. cordifolia and R. tinctorum L. (Rubiaceae) have been carried out.
PMCID: PMC3336544  PMID: 22556644
16.  SOME RARE HOMOEOPATHIC MEDICINAL PLANTS OF SOUTH INDIA 
Ancient Science of Life  1993;13(1-2):189-196.
This present study describes 11 species under 11 generate and 10 families of rare Homoeopathic Medicinal Plants introduced and cultivated in the Nilgiri district, Tamil Nadu, South India. The original citation, description, distribution and their medicinal uses are given.
PMCID: PMC3336545  PMID: 22556647
17.  A CRITICAL STUDY OF THE CONCEPT OF IASCHAEMIC HEART DISEASE IN AYURVEDA 
Ancient Science of Life  1993;13(1-2):102-110.
In this era of Antibiotics decline in infectious diseases is seen but degenerative diseases have established themselves all over world, among which Atherosclerosis and Ischemic Heart Diseases are considered as greatest killer. In view of the increasing morbidity and mortality by these diseases and in absence of safety and adequate efficacy of modern drugs, it has become a timely necessity to understand disease process properly and to explore traditional indigenous system of medicine. So that drugs stated useful in ancient literature for these diseases can be used for I.H.D. Vatika Hrcchula described in Ayurveda simulates with Ischemic Heart Diseases.
PMCID: PMC3336546  PMID: 22556635
18.  REDUCTION OF DIET-INDUCED OBESITY IN RATS WITH A HERBAL FORMULATION 
Ancient Science of Life  1993;13(1-2):89-96.
Treatment with a mixture of Cyperus rotundus, Iris versicolor and Holoptelia integrifolia resulted in a rapid decrease of weight in and ad libitum fed obese rats. Body fat and Fat: Protein ratio were much less while food consumption, body protein, energy expenditure and metabolic rate were more in mixture treated obese rats than in food restricted obese. A mixture of these plant preparations, therefore, possesses the property to reduce obesity by increasing energy expenditure and metabolic rate in obese rats.
PMCID: PMC3336547  PMID: 22556633
19.  TRADITIONAL MEDICINAL PLANTS OF GUREZ (KASHMIR) – AN ETHNOBOTANICAL STUDY 
Ancient Science of Life  1993;13(1-2):119-124.
Gurez Valley is situated along the Krishna Ganga river and is less exploited. It has reserve forests. The forests are very rich in herbal wealth. The population of the area consists of the types Dard, Kashimiries; Gujars and Pathans. They have got much faith in herbs and the elders of the family mostly know the uses of the herbs and prescribe for the ailments to their families and neighbours. The folklores of 56 plants species belonging to 50 genera and 28 families and neighbourers. The folklores of 56 plants species belonging to 50 genera and 28 families and their mode of administration were collected during the survey of the area. Botanical names with author citations, plant family, local name, connection with altitude and medicinal uses have been enlisted.
PMCID: PMC3336548  PMID: 22556637
20.  BIOCHEMICAL CHANGES IN EPIDIDYMIS FOLLOWING TREATMENT WITH COMBINED EXTRACTS OF AMARANTHUS SPINOSUS ROOTS AND DOLICHOS BIFLORUS SEEDS 
Ancient Science of Life  1993;13(1-2):154-159.
Combined extracts of Amaranthus spinosus roots and Dolichos biflorus seeds at two different doses were administered to adult male rats to assess the structural and functional activity of epididymis. Biochemical studies were made throughout the experiment. Sperm motility was decreased markedly in the cauda epididymal fluid and the sperm counts were reduced in both caput and caudal segments. Epididymal weights, activities of acid and alkaline phosphatase and total LDH were decreased after high dose treatment in both the segments after 10 days of treatment. Protein concentrations were appreciably increased at both doses in the caput and at low dose only in the cauda segment. A reduction in sperm concentration was observed at both doses in cauda but only at high doses in caput. Thus, the herbal extracts impaired the structural and functional integrity of the epididymis.
PMCID: PMC3336549  PMID: 22556642
21.  ANTIPYRETIC ACTIVITIES OF SOME SPECIES OF ANDROGRAPHIS WALL 
Ancient Science of Life  1993;12(3-4):399-402.
The antipyretic activities of the alcoholic extracts of three species of Andrographis Wall, were assayed at a dose of 500 mg/kg body weight in pyrogenic polysaccharide – induced hyperpyrexia in male albino rats. All the extracts were found to be effective in the inhibition of pyrexia. The maximal antipyretic activity was found with the alcoholic extract of Andrographis alata Nees.
PMCID: PMC3336550  PMID: 22556619
22.  SOME ASPECTS OF HINDU SACRAMENTS 
Ancient Science of Life  1993;12(3-4):462-466.
The various ceremonies (Sacraments) performed by practitioners of Hindu faith are explained in this article.
PMCID: PMC3336551  PMID: 22556627
23.  PHARMACOGNOSTICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATION OF PERISTROPHE BICALYCULATA 
Ancient Science of Life  1993;12(3-4):420-427.
Morphological, microscopical and phytochemical studies of root and stem of the herb Peristrophe bicalyculata (Acanthaceae) were carried out. Presence of coumarins, alkaloids, potassium chloride (stem and root), saponins and a free sugar (root) have been here in this herb for the first time.
PMCID: PMC3336552  PMID: 22556622
24.  THE CONCEPT OF AGING IN AYURVEDA 
Ancient Science of Life  1993;12(3-4):377-387.
The present study reveals that the process of aging was elaborately described in Ayurveda. In order to prology the life span and to promote longevity a separate discipline called Rasayana Tantra was also developed. The sailent feature of this discipline are described in this article.
PMCID: PMC3336553  PMID: 22556616
25.  TLC AS A TOOL FOR STANDARDISATION OF AYURVEDIC FORMULATIONS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO KUTAJARISHTA 
Ancient Science of Life  1993;12(3-4):358-362.
In ancient days, Physicians having the comprehensive knowledge of Bhaishajya Kalpana, used to prepare the drugs themselves to treat their patients. So there was no doubt in obtaining genuine drug with desired therapeutic effect. But in recent years, the growing population and their life style, industrialization etc have forced physicians to depend on market preparations. As such we find the necessity of standardization of these preparations. The quality assessments of a drug, which is a chemical irrespective of the system is possible by ‘Thin Layer Chromatographic technique’ using known Chemical constituents as reference standards. A herbal preparation ‘Kutajarishta’, has been standardized by using this technique and the significance of the findings is discussed.
PMCID: PMC3336554  PMID: 22556614

Results 1-25 (40)