Different strength of alcohol 40.50,60,70,80,90 per cent (v/v) and absolute were utilized for the preparation of tincture of azadirachta Indica A. Juss leaves by maceration for 7, 14,21 days. 60 per cent tincture produced after 21 says of maceration showed a maximum solid content of 1.425 per cent (v/v) and sowed pH 3.15. This tincture was characterized by studying is various physico-chmicla properties along wit its thin-layer chromatographic characteristics.
A simple, rapid and economical procedure for estimation of Embelin by UV Spectrophotometer in Embelia ribes was developed and is described. The method is based on the identification of Embelin by TLC and on the ultra violet absorbance maxima in chloroform at 285 nm. A value of 4.80% w/w of Embelia was found in test simple.
Transdermal diffusion studies of a polyherbal ointment were carried out in vito using franz- Diffusion cell and microbial one inhibition diameter as drug release monitoring parameters. Out of the three ointment base prepared, (Hydrocarbon Base (HB), surfactant Base (SB), Surfactant Base + (Penetration Enhancer (10 % DMSO) SBPE), we observed that SBPE possesses maximum drug release capacity, as indicated by simultaneous high performance liquid chromatograph (HPLC) and microbial one inhibition monitoring studies. Clinical observations showed at SBPE was effective in cases like infected wounds, scratches and abrasions, infected scabies, pyoderma and furunculosis. The overall cure rate s 79.3% with the antimicro-bial ointmtmtent.
‘Lingha chendooram’ number 1 is a single drug useful in Siddha system of medicine. This is prepared from Cinnabar, the chief ore of mercury. The standardization is carried out with respect to the presence of Mercury and Sulphur in the drug.
‘Lingha chendooram’; Cinnabar; Siddha drug; Standardisation
The present communication deals with medicinal uses of Andrographis paniculata Nees by the tribals in Tamilnadu. Hitherto unreported uses are presented based on the Malayli tribals of Tamilnadu.
The description of metabolic processes, operating at various levels insider the body, has been essentially covered in Ayurveda under thirteen types of Agnis and their functions at different levels, which are often compared with the enzymes and biochemical which take part in biological and / or biophysical transformations and reactions. When these Agnis, at different levels, get disordered they lead to the production of certain undesired elements or byproducts in the system, which are called as ‘Ama’ in ayurveda and are considered as very important morbid factor responsible for causation of a variety of diseases and playing key role in genesis of most of the diseases.
The present article attempts to correlate the most recent concept of today's medicine i.e., Free Radical concept with that of the concept of Agni and Ama, described in Ayurveda and thereby opens newer vistas of search for remedies from Ayurvedic research, which may be helpful in the prevention and care of Free Radical Mediated Diseases.
Subcutaneous treatment of 50% EtOH extract of neem bark (Azadirachta indica A. juss) to male rats at the dose of 10 mg for 30 days caused arrest of spermatogenesis. The diameter of serminiferous tubule, Leydig cell nucleus and epithelial heights of epididymides were significantly reduced (p≤0.001). Sperm motility and density were significantly reduced. Reduced testicular and accessory organ protein, sialic acid and vesicular fructose content manifested arrest of spermatogenesis and depletion of androgen level.
Thuja occidentalis Linn. (Family cupressaceae), commonly known as American Arbore Vitae, is an evergreen tree and native of North America. Leaves & twigs, which contains essential oil, condylomatous growth, spongy tumours, warts, ill effects of vaccination etc. Twigs fan-shaped; leaves ovate, obtuse, having resin ducts & parenchymatous mesophyll; stem shows resins ducts in parenchymatous cortex and alternate bands of phloem parenchyma & phloem fibres. TLC of alcoholic extract in chloroform: Methanol (9:1) shows 8 spots under UV light, and UV absorbance shows peak at 260nm.
The various parts of Melia dubia (Meliaceae) plant was observed to be used by the local tribes of Nilgiris for various infections. There was no report on antimicrobial activity of Melia dubia. Therefore, a preliminary phytochemical analysis and antimicrobial investigations were carried out on different extracts of Melia dubia bark. Ethanolic and aqueous extracts of the bark were found to posses significant antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus.
Bryonia epigaea (cucurbitaceae) has been evaluated on various inflammatory models in rats in our laboratory. Ana anti-inflammatory drug(s) irrespective of its potency may not be devoid of undesirable effects on biochemical and hematological parameters. Alcoholic extract of Bryonia epigaaea (BE-Extract) at the dose of 50 mg/kg body weight, was administered to rats. Hepatotxic and nephrotoxic effects of BE-Extract were studies by measuring cholesterol, urea, uric acid, SGOT, SGPT and glucose levels in blood. Effects of BE-Extract on RBC count, WBC count, platelet count, hemoglobin content, clotting and bleeding time were also studied.
High performance thin layer chromatographic finger print parameters had been developed for the siddha medicine ‘Maka Vallati Ilekiyam’ to fix standards.
The crude native oil and purified seed oil of Mesua ferrea were studied for their effect on isolated rat il eum by taking standard spasmodic and antispasmodic drugs. The crude oil of seed showed significant antispasmodic activity but purified oil was devoid of any antispasmodic activity.
The present paper deals with the ethno-medico-botany of Chenchus of Mahaboobnagar district, Andhra Pradesh. About fourty four plants are enumerated with knowledge of the tribals for their medicinal uses in curing different diseases and ailments.
Morphological, anatomical, quantitative microscopy powder microscopy, physical constant preliminary phytochemical analysis and fluorescence analysis of the leaves of Aglaia roxburghiana Var. Beddome were carried out.
The hepatoprotective effect of Annona muricata and Polyalthia cerasoides (Annonaceae) were monitored by estimating the serum transaminases (SGOT and SGPT), serum alkaline phosphatase (SALP), liver and brain lipid peroxidation (LOP) and their total protein content. Both drugs at a dose of 100 μg/kg significantly prevented the increase in serum transaminases, SALP, liver and brain LOP and decrease in liver and brain total protein content following carbontetrachloride (CCl) induced hepatoxicity in albino rats.
Annona muricata Linn; Polyalthia cerasoides Bedd; Carbontetrachloride; lipid peroxidation; hepatoprotective activity
Under the present paper, authors have reposted finding of Sambucus nigra L. as new introduction in medicinal plans in the flora of “Valley of flowers’. Sambucus nigra L. Originally is an European plant and is very important for its medicinal potential, being used in various systems of medicine to cure number of ailments. In natural order Sambucus nigra L. belongs to family caprifoliaceae.
The present paper reports the ethnobotanical uses of 32 plant species belonging to 31 genera of 25 families being practiced by tribals in Naduvil panchayat near “Paithalmala” hills in kannur district in kerala. The researchers collected information form the tribals about their medicinal practices. Vernacular name, botanical name, family, morphology of the useful parts and uses of medicinal plants and preparations of medicines are given. This study throws light on the plant human interaction.
The aqueous and ethanolic (90%) extract of the leaves of M.Oliera Lam (Fam: Moringaceae) were studied for their anti inflammatory action in ale albino rats. Two extracts exhibited maximum action within two hours of challenge. The aqueous extract sowed significant (P<0.01) odema suppression similar to that of Ibuprofen at the first hour of carrageenan injection. The results confirms the folkers claim of the plant.
Rheumatoid Arthritis is found to be very effective in alleviating the symptoms in the hapless victims of rheumatoid arthritis as stipulated in ashtanga hridaya. This paper deals with the role of asteracantha longifolia in the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis. But in the initial stages the paneeya made out of kokilasha (Asteracantha longifolia) is found to be very effective in alleviating the symptoms in the hapless victims of rheumatoid arthritis as stipulated in ashtanga hridaya. This paper deals with the role of asteracantha longifolia in the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis.
Karpoordi Taila is a medicated oil used in Ayurvedic system of Medicine for ‘Vaathavikaram’. The drugs used in karpoorradi Taila are trachysperum ammi (Linn) Sprague (Ayamodakam) and Cinnammomum camphora (Linn) Nees and Eberm (Karpooram). The phyusico chemical standards and the Thin Layer chromatographic standards presented in this paper can be used as finger print standards for karpporadi Taila.
Investigations were carried out on folkloric plant remedies among the tribal communities of Thrissur district, majority of which are the Malayans. This paper describes the common plant remedies for rheumatism. Preparation and mode of use of twelve plants either as single or in combination with other plants are given in detail.
The paper constitute report on some interesting plant – based fait and belief, and novel treatments practiced by Boxas of Nainital, Bijnor and deharadun districts, tharus of gonad and saharia tribe of lalitpur districts of U.P 23 plant species have been reported to be used against various ailments of mankind, in scorpionsting and snake bite, Root juice of Musa paradisica is used as contraceptive, while seed paste of Abrus precatorius in abortion. Moreover, Boxas of Nainital believe that if a root piece of Achyranthes aspera is worn over the neck of a lad unable to conceive will certainly conceive. Similarly, tharus of baharaich and gonda scattered leaves of putranjiva roxburghii over the maternity room for an easy delivery.