Leucorrhoea and dysfimctional uterine bleeding are very common and significant clinical manifestations seen by the gynecologist in their day-to day practice and these complaints are sufficient to create distress in females. Lukol has shown efficacy in symptomatic relief in these conditions. A total of sixty cases were registered after a complete detailed investigation. Lukol 2 tablets thrice a day were administered and reviewed after 15 days. The response assessed on the basis of symptomatic improvement.
Drinking some types of tea and other caffaeinated drink is a part of our culture and everyday life. It is contained from the leaves and seeds of evergreen plant (Camelia thea). It is caffeine contained in so many drinks which really plays havoc with our body and mind. It is only when man exceeds they tea drinking that he experiences the ill effects. When taken in limited quantity tea is indeed very good for health.
The objective of this paper deal with the physico chemical aspects of certain colouring plants namely. Bixa orellana Linn. (Leaves) and Lawsonia inermis Linn (Leaves). The determined data under the physico chemical, chromatographic and spectrophotometric studies can be taken as a pharmacopoeial standards.
Fresh leaves of vitex negundu were collected and macroscopic and microscopic characters were determined. Soxhlet extraction of the powdered leavers was carried out using petroleum ether (40:60) and chloroform. Idenitification of important phytoconstituents was carried out. Characterization by TLC showed the presence of vitexin. The processed leaf extract was tested for antimicrobial activity. The results indicated antibacterial activity of the extract.
A sulphydryl plant protease present in the latex of Ficus hispida Linn affects hatematological values in mice. The isolated protease was found to increase clotting time and erythrocyte sedimentation rate while haemoglobin conten, RBC count and WBC count were decreased in a dose dependent manner. Ointment containing 1.0% (w/w) hispidain in washable ointment base showed good wound healing property in mice. The protease also possesses mild anti inflammatory activity.
Forty five plumbago rosea accessions collected from different parts of Kerala state were evaluated for variability in morphological and yield related characters and plumbagin content. Highly significant variation was evident for all the characters studied except leaf size indicating wide variability in the accessions. Accessions PR 25 and PR 31 appear to be promising with respect to root yield and high plumbagin content. Character association revelated significant and positive correlation of all the characters except leaf size with yield. Hence, selection of high yielding types could easily be done based on visual characters expressing more vegetative growth but with reduced leaf size.
Fifty plants belonging to 33 angiospermic families used by aborigines and rurals for different human ailments hitherto unreported from Jalgaon district. Maharashtra, India are communicated. Further scientific evaluation on pharmacological and clinical lines is needed for these widely employed herbal medicines.
Herbal folk medicines; Jalgaon district; Maharashtra
Pharmacognostical studies on Oxalis corniculate (Changeri) stem and leaves along with pre-liminary phytochemical studies are presented in this paper.
Oxidative stress due to excessive production of free radicals in living organisms during exposure to hypobaric hypoxia is well documented. In search of a suitable antioxidant from natural sources, in the present study effect of pomegranate (Punica granatum, family Punicaceae) juice (PG) was evaluated on glutathione levels and related enzymes in tissues of rats exposed to simulated altitude of 6096 m. Twenty four male Sprague Dawley rats were divided in three groups i.e. 1) Normal, 2) Exposed to hypoxia and 3) Exposed to hypoxia and treated prior with PG (0.1g/rat) for 15 days. Blood glucose, liver glycogen, glutathione (reduced, GSH; oxidized, GSSG), glutathione reductase, glutathione S-transferase, Y-glutamyl transpeptidase were estimated in liver, muscle and blood/RBC. Marked alterations were observed in these variables during hypoxia exposure. There was decrease in lipid peroxidation in muscle and restoration of GSH:GSSG ratio in PG treated group in comparison with untreated exposed animals. Results confirm recently reported antioxidant property of pomegranate.
Present paper deals with the pharmacognostic studies of the fruits of J. curcas Linn. The 75-80 cells thick pericarp is differentiated into epicarp, mesocarp and endocarp. Mesocarpic zone embeds non-articulated laticifers, tannin containing idioblasts and randomly distributed vascular bundles. Endocarp shows the occurrence of fibrous sclereids. Preliminary phytochemical screening of the drug powder shows the presence of alkaloids, carbohydrates, glycosides and tannins. Clinical evaluation of the fresh fruit juice has shown it s anti gingivitic property.
Low back pain is becoming a major health problem now a days. This may be due to adopting faulty posture and living habits. A glance through Ayurvedic classic reveal many terms used for describing the condition. This article aims to understand these terms in a better way and to make a proper diagnosis for better management.
This article aims to understand these terms in a better way and to make a proper diagnosis for better management.
Aqueous, light petroleum, chloroform, alcohol, benzene and acetone extracts of the leaves of Coccinia indica. (Family: Cucurbitaceae) were screened for antihepatotoxic activity. The extracts were given after the liver was damaged with Ccl4 Liver function was assessed based on liver to body weight ratio pentobarbitone sleep time, serum levels of transaminase (SGPT, SGOT), alkaline phosphatase (SALP and bilirubin. Alcohol and light petroleum was found to have good anti-hepatotoxic activity.
The drug safed-musali’ has always remained the subject of dispute and object of investigations. This paper evaluates comparatively its ethnomedicinal records as also those found in literature on the modern usage in Indian context alongwith the observations of the present author. The safedmusali belongs to the various species of two different well known liliaceous genera viz., Asparagus L. and Chlorophytum Ker-Gowl., and a least known orchidaceous genus Pachystoma Bl.
It appears that the wide modern usage of safed-musali might have sprung from its ethnomedicinal leads in our country. The plant sources of its procurement although varied should be regarded only as surrogates for each other. The drug itself is a substitute for ‘Salep’ or ‘Salep-misri’. In the light of present investigation, it is surveyed, reviewed and highlighted pertinently. The attempts to cultivate different species which are implicated as safed-musali need a fillip for the betterment of tribal people and Indian societies at large.
Safed-musali; Ethnomedicine; Modern Medicine; Asparagus; Chlorophytum; Pachystoma
A preliminary survey of medicinal plants conducted surrounding forest region of Krishna District of Andhra Pradesh, among these abnormality of wild variegated Andrographis paniculata medicinal plant and its details are reported in this paper.
Shoola roga has been described in Ayurvedic Classics as a painful abdominal disease associated with other clinical features but without any obvious localized swelling. The various remedies described by the Ayurvedic authorities are mainly to normalize the Vata dosha in all types of shoola roga. Panchakarma therapy always plays an important role in normalizing the Vata dosha, Although every panchakarma procedure is not indicated for each type of shoola still panchakarma therapy is good for shoola roga treatment.
Pleurotus sajor caju spawns prepared, yield fruiting bodies, Aqueous extract of these was used to test for inhibitory against Tobacco Mosaic Virus. Infectivity assay (locallesion) method was employed for the anti-viral activity. Treatments, on host plants, were distributed using half-leaf method. The results indicated that extract of the edible mushroom showed anti-viral property.
An ethanol extract of Pipal has been studied for its ability to inhibit gastric acidity and to protect gastric mucosa against the injuries caused by pyloric ligation, acetyl salicylic acid and cytodestructing agents (80% ethanol, 06M Hcl and 0.2 M Hcl) in rats. The results of this study demonstrate that ethanol extract of papal has significant effects on various experimentally induced ulcers. It reduced significantly the intensity of gastric lesions induced by pylorus ligation, acetyl salicylic cid (ASA) and mucosal damaging agents. Also the total acidity was found to be decreased Acutic toxicity testis shoed no toxic symptoms or mortality over a period of 7 days with doses 0.25-1.5 gm/kg. These findings suggests that ethanol extract of papal exerts anticulcer effects by increasing gastric mucosal resistance and cyto-protective activities.
A Clinical trial of Indigenous compound drug ‘Nishamalaki’ was carried out in the CRI (Ayurveda) Hospital, Jaipur on the patient of Madhumeha. For this study, patients were randomly divided into two groups of 25 individuals each and they were termed as group A and B. The individuals of group a were administered Nishamalaki in a dose of one gram twice daily along with diet control, the patients were followed every fort nightly. A significant improvement in the symptoms along with lowering of blood glucose level was observed in the individuals of group B, while the individuals of group A responded initially but could not sustain the same.
In the Siddha system of Medicine cotyledons of the seeds of C. Lanatus are known as Mulam/Pullum/Pitcha (Tamil) and used as Pulukolli (Vermifuge), Karpa moolikai (General tonic) and as Aanmeiperukki (Aphrodisiac). In the Ayurvedic system of Medicine seeds are said to have properties like Sheeta (cooling), Mootrala (Diuretic) and Vrshya (Aphrodisiac). The present paper deals with macro and microscopical studies, maceration, histochemical tests, solubility, physical contents, extractive values, tests for inorganic and organic constituents, U.V. and thin layer chromatographic studies.
The paper deals with the detailed pharmacognosy of the whole plant of Orilaitamarai (Hybanthus enneasperms) sold in the local market under the name Purusharatna, Ratanpursuha. The studies include macro, microscopical, histochemical and diagnostic characters of the root, stem and leaf. The physical constants, fluorescence characteristics and chromatographic studies of the whole plant are also presented.
The wound healing effect of methanolic extract of the root of aegle marmelos was evaluated in the form of an ointment with two different concentrations (5% and 10% w/w in simple ointment base) in excision wound model and incision wound model in rats. In both the concentrations, the extract ointment produced a significant response in both the wound types tested, as evidenced by its wound contracting ability, wound closure time and increase in the tensile strength. The results were also comparable to those of a standard drug nitrofurazone.
Centella asiatica Linn. Is a well-known medicinal herb used in various types of diseases, it was noticed that the herb is being heavily adulterated with the cheaper substances. A critical stud of the authentic and maker samples (available in powder for) s carried out to study current status of the drug in the local market. Powder analysis of the market samples shoes fragments of sclerenchymatous net, which is a characteristic feature of some umbelliferous fruits. Occurrence of prismatic crystals of calcium oxalate and large number of starch grains shows that the powdered materials are heavily adulterated with some cheaper substances. Fluorescence analysis of authentic and market samples exhibits 23.28% and 12.34% -18.13% respectively and there is a difference in curde fibre content also. Moreover there is remarkable difference in the quantitative value of Asiatic acid (3.25% - 0.12%) which is one of the chief constituents of C. asiatica.
Jarab (Scabies) is an itchy dermatosis caused by human mite Sarcotes scabiei. It usually involves inter digital spaces of hands and the flexor surface of the wrists. In severe infection, the dorsal surface of the elbows, anterior axillary folds, female breasts, periumblical area, genital area and buttocks are involved. Night itching in particular and secondary infection with postulation and lichenification in general are the main clinical features.
According to Greeco-Arabian concept, conversion of Khilt-e Dam (Blood)into Khilt-e-Sauda, or increased ratio of Khilt-e-Safra in blood or when blood combined with Balgham-e –Share called Fasad-e Dam and this Fasad-e-Dam (Abnormal blood) acts as a culture media for Ajsam-e- Kahabeesa (Pathogenic organisms). Fasad-e Dam along with bacterial invasion, is collectively called Maddah-al – Jarab b Unani philosophers, later which was identified as sarcoptes scabiel and its infection is termed as scabies, The unani treatment of Jarab include Musaffiat-e-Dam (Blood purifiers) and Munzijat Wa Mukhrijat-e-Khilt (Coctive and expulsive of abnormal humour) drugs system cally and Maan-e-Ufoomat (Antiseptics) and Daaf-e-Jaraseem (Antimicrobials) drugs locally. Among useful unani drugs, karela powder showed relief in symptoms upto and average 53% of cases as our stud include 30 cases including control group of ten cases of 15 days treatment.
Jarab; Scabies; Sarcoptes scabiei; Karela Momordica charantia
The roots of Rumex nepalensis spreng (Family-Polygonaceae) were studied to fix the parameters for Pharmcognostical standards. The present investigation deals with the macrocopical characters of root as well as studies on some physical constants, behavior of powdered root on treatment with different chemical reagents and fluorescence characteristics on exposure to ultra –violet light. These studies would be of great help for proper identification of the root of the plant.
Plants are the only source of a well established traditional and modern drugs and phytochemicals. Many plant species are known in folk medicine of different cultures to be used for their hypoglycemic properties and therefore used for treatment of diabetes. The evaluation of these plants and of their active natural principles is logic way of searching for new drugs to treat this disease. The present paper deals with the uses of indigenous plants for curing diabetes.