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1.  COMPARISION OF DIURETIC ACTIVITY OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF AERVA LANATA (Linn.) Juss. ex. Schult & AERVA TOMENTOSA Forsk. Family: AMARANTHACEAE 
Ancient Science of Life  2005;25(2):66-68.
The diuretic activity of concentrated ethanolic extract of Aerva lanata (Linn) & Aerva tomentosa Forsk on healthy albino rats were studied with frusemide as reference drug. The urine output increased with concentrated ethanolic extract of Aerva lanata only. In this case the level of electrolytes in urine also increased. But the diuretic activity was mild as compared to frusemide.
PMCID: PMC3330899  PMID: 22557194
2.  PHYTO-PHARMACOGNOSTICAL INVESTIGATION AND EVALUATION OF ANTI-INFLAMMATORY AND SEDATIVE HYPNOTIC ACTIVITY OF THE LEAVES OF ERYTHRINA INDICA Lam 
Ancient Science of Life  2005;25(2):79-83.
Pharmacognostical investigations were carried out on the Erythrina indica leaves, followed by phytochemical investigation. On the methanolic extract of leaves, TLC was performed and indole alkaloids were identified with selected solvent system. The UV analysis was also performed on the components confirming the presence of the indole nucleus. Anti-inflammatory activity was carried out on albino rats. Further, anti-inflammatory activity was compared to that of the standard drug indomethacin and percent inhibition of oedema was determined. Sedative hypnotic activity was also evaluated using pentobarbital which showed mild sedation.
PMCID: PMC3330900  PMID: 22557197
3.  PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITES ON THE LEAVES OF Naringi crenulata roxb 
Ancient Science of Life  2005;25(2):53-56.
Ethanolic extract of Naringi crenulata or liminonia crenulata leaves was investigated for Phytochemical and Antimicrobial activities. The macroscopic characteristics of leaves, physical constant values, extractive values, behavior on treatment with different chemical reagents of the powdered leaves. Naringi crenulata were studied to fix some pharmacognostical parameters and preliminary phytochemical studies on ethanolic extracts of the leaves were also performed. Antimicrobial activities against two bacterial strains – Bacillus subtilis, Klebsilla pnemoniae and two fungal strains Aspergillus niger, Mucor sp. among the various leaf extracts maximum antimicrobial activity was exhibited by standard antibiotic.
PMCID: PMC3330901  PMID: 22557191
Naringi crenulata; Rutaceae; Phytochemical studies and Antimicrobial activities
4.  PHARMACOGNOSTICAL STUDIES ON THE LEAVES OF Cassia tora Linn. (FAM. CAESALPINIACEAE) 
Ancient Science of Life  2005;25(2):74-78.
The leaves and seeds of Cassia tora (Family Caesalpinaceae) are used in the treatment of leprosy, ring worm, flatulence, colic, dyspepsia, constipation, cough, bronchitis and cardiac disorders in the Ayurvedic systems of medicine. The present study deals with the study of macroscopic characters of the leaves, ash values, extractive values, behavior on treatment with different chemical reagents and fluorescence characters under ultraviolet light. Preliminary phytochemical studies on different extractives of the leaves were also performed. These studies will help in the identification of the plant for further research.
PMCID: PMC3330902  PMID: 22557196
5.  ANTIMICROBIAL PROPERTIES OF ROOTS OF MEDICINAL PLANTS 
Ancient Science of Life  2005;25(2):62-65.
Antibacterial properties of hexane, chloroform and aqueous extracts of roots of Acorus calamus, Aristolochia indica, Cyperus rotundus, Desmodium gangeticum, Holostemma ada– kodien and Kaempferia galanga, used in the traditional medicine were studied on Bacillus pumilis and Eschericia coli by disc diffusion method.
PMCID: PMC3330903  PMID: 22557193
6.  ETHNOBOTANICAL STUDIES ON THE WILD EDIBLE PLANTS USED BY THE TRIBALS OF ANAIMALAI HILLS, THE WESTERN GHATS 
Ancient Science of Life  2005;25(2):69-73.
The present paper deals with the results of a preliminary survey of the wild edible plants used by different ethnic groups in the Anaimalai hills of the Western Ghats in Coimbatore district. Tribals of various ethnic groups dominate the wooded habitat of this hilly region. About 53 plants species belonging to 32 families are used as edible by the tribes. Of these, the leaves of 25 plant species are consumed as green and about 20 wild fruits are consumed raw. The rest of the plant species are used for their tubers, seeds and roots. The plant species, their families, vernacular names, parts used and their mode of usage were also reported.
PMCID: PMC3330904  PMID: 22557195
7.  PRELIMINARY STUDIES ON PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF Limonia acidissima L. PLANT PARTS 
Ancient Science of Life  2005;25(2):57-61.
The preliminary phytochemical analysis of Limonia acidissima plant parts such as bark, leaf, rind, pulp and seed showed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, steroids, saponins, glycosides, phenols, gum and mucilage, fixed oils and fats, resins and tannins. Among the five plant parts, pulp possessed high amount of protein and the carbohydrate content was more in seeds and rind is rich was amino acid. The methanolic extracts of L. acidissima plant parts were tested against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus using disc diffusion method. The extracts from different parts showed varying degrees of antimicrobial activity.
PMCID: PMC3330905  PMID: 22557192
Limonia acidissima; stomachic; astringent; diuretic; cardiotonic; carminative; bowel infections; antidote
8.  ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECT OF BULBOPHYLLUM NEILGHERRENSE WT. (ORCHIDACEAE). AN IN VITRO STUDY 
Ancient Science of Life  2005;25(2):50-52.
The antibacterial activity of Bulbophyllum neilgherrense was tested against five species of bacteria, viz., Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus pumilus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Pseudomonas putida Aqueous, ethanolic and chloroform soluble extracts of leaf and pseudobulb (5.50 w/v) were screened for their antibacterial potential. The zone of inhibition was seen to be largest when alcoholic extract was used.
PMCID: PMC3330906  PMID: 22557190
9.  ANTI-INFLAMMATORY AND ANTIOXIDANT COMPOUND, RUTIN IN CARDIOSPERMUM HALICACABUM LEAVES 
Ancient Science of Life  2005;25(2):47-49.
C.halicacabum is wide spread in tropical and sub-tropical Asia and Africa. Our laboratory results showed crude ethanolic extract of this plant exerted anti-inflammatory activity in chronic inflammatory models. In this present study, we tried to investigate the presence of anti-inflammatory compound in this extract.
PMCID: PMC3330907  PMID: 22557189
10.  Antimicrobial Activity of Root Bark of Salacia reticulata 
Ancient Science of Life  2005;25(1):4-7.
Antimicrobial activity of chloroform and methanolic extracts of Salacia reticulata were tested against gram positive, gram negative and fungus strains using zone of inhibition and minimum inhibitory concentrations. It was observed that both extracts have inhibitory effect towards all microorganisms used in the test. Chloroform extract was more effective than methanolic extract.
PMCID: PMC3330890  PMID: 22557181
11.  Evaluation of extracts of the root of Seidenfia rheedii (Sw.) Szlach. for antibacterial activity 
Ancient Science of Life  2005;25(1):16-20.
In the present investigation, aqueous, ethanol and petroleum ether, ethanol (1:1) root extracts of Seidenfia rheedii were tested against 12 different human pathogenic bacteria for antibacterial activity. It was found that ethanolic extracts inhibited the growth of all the bacterial strains tested whereas moderate antibacterial activity was associated with petroleum ether, ethanol (1:1) root extracts. The aqueous extract did not show antibacterial activity. Thus the present investigation reveals that the selected plant extracts have potential of bactericidal effect on test bacteria.
PMCID: PMC3330891  PMID: 22557183
Seidenfia rheedii; Antibacterial activity; Bactericidal; root extracts
12.  FOLK HERBAL MEDICINE: A SURVEY ON THE PANIYA TRIBES OF MUNDAKUNNU VILLAGE OF THE NILGIRI HILLS, SOUTH INDIA 
Ancient Science of Life  2005;25(1):21-27.
The present paper represents the results of an ethnobotanical survey conducted in Mundakunnu village of Gudalur taluk, Nilgiri district of Tamil Nadu, India. It has been observed that the plant species are used to various ailments of analgesic, antidiarrhoeal, piles, antidiabetic, gynecological problems, vermifuge, antidandruff, venereal diseases, bone fracture and as vegetables. A total of 52 plants species belonging to 51 genera (33 dicot & 6 monocot) have been discussed.
PMCID: PMC3330892  PMID: 22557184
Mundakunnu; Gudalur Taluk; Paniya Tribes; the Nilgiris; Tamilnadu; ethnobotany
13.  HEPATOPROTECTIVE EFFECT OF A POLYHERBAL FORMULATION (AYUSH-LIV.04) AGAINST ETHANOL AND CCl4 INDUCED LIVER DAMAGE IN RATS 
Ancient Science of Life  2005;25(1):28-33.
A polyherbal formulation was evaluated for its hepatoprotective activity against ethanol and CCl4 induced liver damage in rats. The rats were divided into five groups of six animals each and serve as control, toxic, post-treated, herbal control, Liv.52 treated groups respectively. The results showed that the activities of liver marker enzymes in serum namely AST, ALT, ALP, ACP and serum bilirubin level (total) were increased in toxic group animals. But the activities of these enzymes were significantly lowered in post-treated group of rats. Thus, the results suggest antihepatotoxicity of “Ayush-Liv.04”.
PMCID: PMC3330893  PMID: 22557185
polyherbal formulation; hepatic damage; CCl4; ethanol; Liv.52; serum enzymes and bilirubin
14.  PHYTOCHEMICAL OBSERVATION OF WHOLE PLANT OF PHYLLANTHUS DEBILIS KLEIN .EX.WILLD 
Ancient Science of Life  2005;25(1):39-41.
Phytochemical studies of whole plant of Phyllanthus debilis Klein.ex.willd (Euphorbiaceae) reveals the presence of phytosterols, lignans, glycosides and absence of saponin, triterpenoids, tannins and alkaloids have been reported in this plant for the first time.
PMCID: PMC3330894  PMID: 22557187
15.  ANTI INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY OF CONE VOLA TILE OIL OF CUPRESSUS FUNEBRIS Endl 
Ancient Science of Life  2005;25(1):1-3.
The volatile oil obtained from the cones of Cupressus funebris by hydrodistillation was subjected to anti-inflammatory activity using carrageenan induced paw oedema model using albino mice, Diclofenac sodium was used as standard drug (25 mg/kg body weight, p.o.). The volatile oil (100 mg/kg body weight, p.o.) showed significant anti inflammatory activity.
PMCID: PMC3330895  PMID: 22557180
Cupressus funebris; Volatile oil; Anti-inflammatory activity; Carrageenan; Diclofenac
16.  PHARMAMACGNOSTICAL EVALUATION OF IONLDIUM SUFFRLITLCOSAM GING (FAMILY: VIOLACEAE) 
Ancient Science of Life  2005;25(1):34-38.
The macroscopic character of the whole plant, physical constant values, extractive values, behaviour on treatment with different chemical reagents. Fluorescence characters under uv light after treatment with different chemical reagents of the powdered whole plant of lonidium suffruticosam Ging (Family; violaceae) were studied to characterize some pharmacognostical parameters. Preliminary photochemical study on different extracts of the whole plant were also performed.
PMCID: PMC3330896  PMID: 22557186
17.  EFFECT OF TERMINALIA ARJUNA STEM BARK EXTRACT ON THE ACTIVITIES OF MARKER ENZYMES IN ALLOXAN INDUCED DIABETIC RATS 
Ancient Science of Life  2005;25(1):8-15.
Insight of evidence that some complications of diabetes mellitus due to hyperglycemia, we investigated the effect of T. arjuna bark extract on serum, liver and kidney marker enzymes in alloxan - induced diabetic rats. T. arjuna was administered orally at a doses of 250 and 500 mg/kg body weight for 30 days, after which serum liver and kidney tissues were assayed for the degree of pathological changes by means of markers such as alkaline phosphatase (ALP), acid phosphatase (ACP), alanine amino transferase (ALT), aspartate amino transferase (AST) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) resulted in a significant reduction in serum and tissue of liver and kidney marker enzymes when compared with control rats T. arjuna at a dose of 500 mg/kg body weight exhibited higher efficacy.
PMCID: PMC3330897  PMID: 22557182
Terminalia arjuna; hyperglycemia; alloxan diabetes; marker enzymes
19.  Physico-chemical and Pharmacognostic Investigation of Fruit Pulp of Mangifera Indica Linn. 
Ancient Science of Life  2005;24(4):199-204.
Fruit pulp of Mangifera indica Linn. is an important Ayurvedic medicine which is useful in gastric disorders, dyspepsia, loss of appetite, urine incontinence, uterine diseases, heat apoplexy, pharyngitis, ulcer, dysentery, sun stroke etc. The present study for the first time attempts to investigate physico-chemical and pharmacognostic properties as per WHO guidelines of this drug. Detailed account of physico-chemical and microscopic analysis have been given in the paper
PMCID: PMC3330939  PMID: 22557178
Physico-chemical; pharmacognostic; Ayurveda
20.  Some Less Known Medicinal Plants Traditionally Used In Dharmapuri District – Tamilnadu 
Ancient Science of Life  2005;24(4):205-209.
A medicinal plants survey was done in various parts of Dharmapuri district, about 260 medicinal plants were identified and collected. Amongst them, few of the plants were less known but had remarkable medicinal properties, they were grouped together and are enumerated by the botanical name, family name, local name, locality and ethnomedical properties.
PMCID: PMC3330940  PMID: 22557179
21.  Evaluation of Health Promotion In Elderly People Through Cyavanaprasa 
Ancient Science of Life  2005;24(4):183-191.
Caraka the renowned physician of Indian system of medicine recommended Cyavanaprasa for wide variety of ailments from paediatric to geriatric. So, the paper is focused on the result of the clinical study, that was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of Cyavanprasa in elderly volunteers. And the paper also highlights the step made through this clinical study to evaluate the weight of chief constituent i.e.500 number of fresh Amalaki (Emblica officinalis Gaertn) with proper ratio of sugar.
PMCID: PMC3330941  PMID: 22557176
22.  Differentiation of Saraca Asoca Crude Drug From Its Adulterant 
Ancient Science of Life  2005;24(4):174-178.
Saraca asoca commonly known as asoka, which is considered as a sacred tree by Hindus and Buddhists possesses various medicinal uses. The stem bark of the tree is the principal constituent of several ayurvedic preparations which are widely prescribed in leucorrhoea, haematuria, menorrhagia and other diseases of the female genitourinary system. Because of destructive extraction and the absence of an organized cultivation programme, the avilbility of the crude drug is diminishing and this has resulted in the sale of adulterants. The commonly used adulterant is the bark of Polyalthia longifolia which shows some similarity with that of asoka. Studies were conducted at Aromatic and Medicinal Plants Research station, Odakkali (Kerala Agricultural University) during 2001-2002 to evolve methods for differentiating the original drug from the adulterant species by anatomical biochemical and chromatographic techniques.
PMCID: PMC3330942  PMID: 22557174
23.  Pharmacognosy of Cassia Alata Linn – leaves 
Ancient Science of Life  2005;24(4):192-198.
Cassia alata Linn, Commonly known as semaiagathi in Tamil is well known for its various medicinal properties in Indian systems of medicine. Various parts of this plant are used as vermicide, astringent, purgative, expectorant and to treat skin diseases. The present work deals with the anatomy, quantitative microscopy, physical constants and fluorescence analysis of the plant leaves.
PMCID: PMC3330943  PMID: 22557177
24.  Ethno Medical Knowledge of Plants Used By Irula Tribes, Chengal Combai, the Nilgiris, Tamilnadu 
Ancient Science of Life  2005;24(4):179-182.
A total of 22 species of plants used by Irula community people are described based on ethnomedical field survey. These plants belong to 17 families and are used to treat a wide range of discomforts like cough, cold, body ache, earache, stomachache, headache, diarrhea, snake bite, rheumatism etc. the botanical names, followed by their local names have also been given.
PMCID: PMC3330944  PMID: 22557175
25.  Fluorescence Analysis on the Roots of Rauvolfia Serpentina (L.) Benth. Ex Kurz Under UV Radiation 
Ancient Science of Life  2005;24(4):164-167.
The present study deals with an analysis of the roots of Rauvolfia serpentine (L) Benth. Ex Kurz under ultraviolet radiation and also under daylight. The coarsely powdered roots were treated with various chemical reagents and the characteristic fluorescence patterns emitted were recorded and are reported in this paper. This study was undertaken as a pharmacognostic standardization to ascertain the authenticity of the roots of this plant in its crude form and also to check any adulteration that may be used in trade.
PMCID: PMC3330945  PMID: 22557172

Results 1-25 (35)