The use of Neutraceuticals has drastically risen in recent years. Dr Stephan De Felice coined the term Neutraceuticals from “nutrition” and “pharmaceutical” in 1989. Related terms are “functional food” and “dietary supplement”. In Ayurvedic pharmaceutics there are some secondary preparations like Avaleha Kalpana (Medicated semisolid preparation), Asavarista Kalpana (fermented preparation), Sneha Kalpana (Medicated fatty preparation), Ksheerapaka Kalpana (Medicated milk preparation) etc. which can be correlated with Neutraceuticals. In this paper “Neutraceuticals” and “Avaleha Kalpana” have been correlated and discussed.
Neutraceuticals; Functional food; Avaleha Kalpana
The present study deals with the macroscpical, microscopical and preliminary phytochemical investigation on Monochoria vaginalis P. The transverse section shows in the root, the presence of cork, cortex, xylem, phloem, pith etc. The diagnostic features of the roots are the presence of fibers associated with vessels, calcium oxalates, and xylem vessel which will help in the identification and authentification process of the drug. Preliminary phytochemical work of the alcoholic extract showed the presence of glycosides, flavonoids and tannins.
This paper discusses formulae for assessment of the digestive function while administering internal oleation. The formulae have been developed on the basis of description in the classical Ayurvedic texts.
Pandanus odoratissimus Linn.f. (Syn: Pandanus fascicularis Lamk) belongs to the family Pandanacea, is a palm like small tree or shrub, which usually grow in old world tropics and few warm temperate regions. Mostly all parts are medicinally used. In the present study, histological, physical, powdered characteristics and preliminary phytochemical investigations were carried out on the leaves of Pandanus odoratissimus Linn.f.
Pandanus odoratissimus; Pandanacea; Pharmacognostic; Phytochemical
In India perfumes and scented articles were in use from pre Vedic and Vedic periods for religious practices, social customs, and domestic rituals and later gradually became part and parcel of human life. Perfumes were also used in cosmetics and beauty aids. Medicinal values of many perfumes were well known to ancient Indians and were used in both rituals and to treat diseases. Medicated fumigation (dhupan) was an advanced method for medicinal purposes. Medicated oils, collyriums, powders were prepared from perfumes used externally in many diseases. Perfumes were also anointed in various body parts (Anulepan). Chewing betel leaves along with fragrant material like nutmeg, mace, etc. (Tambulam) was used with a view to rendering mouth clean and fragrant. usage of scented oils to massage body(Abhyanga) which keeps the skin smooth, healthy and invigorating; Udvartanam, massaging various body parts; Udgarshanam, scrubbing; Utsadanam rubbing with scented powders etc., were some of the health protective and disease eliminating procedures. Scented drugs and perfumes enhance the quality, activity and pleasantness of these processes.
The antibacterial activity of various solvent fractions of Balaguduchi, Dhanadanayanadi and Dasamoolabala was studied against the isolated nosocomial pathogens by in vitro method. The methanol, acetone, choloroform, acetone fractions of test drugs and decoctions exhibited different levels of antibacterial activity from low to very high level against the gram positive and gram -negative bacteria. The zone of inhibition of each fraction of drugs was compared with the standard antibiotics Penicillin and Streptomycin. The present study proves and explains the ability and potency of the extracts of Balaguduchi, Dhanadanayanadi and Dasamoolabala as a preventive measure of secondary infections by bacteria in the hospitalixe patients. Even though, these medicines are prescribed in ayurveda for the different clinical indications, the possible secondary activity is also proved through this study.
Nosocomial pathogens; antibacterial activity; Balaguduchi; Dhanadanayanadi; Dasamoolabala
The water extract of Gymnema sylvestre R.Br leaf was tested for hypoglycemic activity in normal and alloxan induced diabetic rats. Grated amount (2ml/kg) of the water extract of Gymnema sylvestre leaf was given to both normal and alloxan induced diabetic rats. A significant reduction of glucose concentration was noticed in normal rats, blood glucose level was significantly reduced in diabetic rats. Protein level is also decreased in diabetic rats. Urea, uric acid and creatinine levels were increased in diabetic condition. After the herbal treatment the levels were altered near to normal level.
Gymnema sylvestre; hypoglycemic activity; Alloxan induced diabetic rats; Blood glucose; Protein levels; Biochemical parameters
The present study aimed at evaluating the antimicrobial activity of chloroform extracts of stem and leaf of Kedrostis foetidissima (jacq.) cogn. (Cucurbitaceae) against Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Serratia marcescens and Klebsiella pneumoniae. was carried out using agar disc diffusion technique. The results revealed that the chloroform extract of stem presented the highest zone of inhibition against Pseudomonas aeruginosa others show significant zone of inhibition.
Kedrostis foetidissima; antibacterial activity and zone of inhibition
The antibacterial activity of the leaves of Vitex negundo was tested against three bacteria Viz., Staphylococcus aureus Escherichia coli and Klebsiella Peumoniae, The fresh aqueous, heated aqueous extract, chloroform and methanolic extract of leaves were used for screening their antibacterial potential. The fresh and aqueous extracts of leaves in various dilutions were found to have antibacterial activity against the three bacteria.
Vitex negundo; antibacterial; S. aureus; E. Coli; K. Pnemoniae
Reviving and re establishing the practices which were prevalent in India along with some orientation towards Ayurvedic approaches shall be a suitable answer to the burning issues of women’ health. Mainstreaming the Ayurvedic practices in women health care appears to be the most effective remedial measure to lower MMR and promote maternal health. The present paper is a narrative of exemplary practices in the management of the most important phases like puberty, pregnancy and post natal care in accordance with Ayurveda
This paper outlines the various kinds of diet to be followed during pregnancy month by month based on the teachings of Ayurveda.
Mother and child care has been described in great detail in Ayurveda. All basic principles of Ayurveda need to be applied to deal with the problems of maternal and foetal mortality. Rules of Ahara (diet), Vihara (lifestyle), Sadavrutta (moral conduct), along with varied therapies are used in tackling the various problems. There is need to take an in depth view at causes. Major changes in lifestyle may be required. Uses of various Ayurvedic formulations like various ghrtas and tailas (ghees and oils) have given wonderful results. Ayurveda aims at producing “Supraja” or healthy progeny. Ayurveda provides answers to some of the most worrying problems facing doctors today.
This paper elaborates the Ayurvedic perspective on preventive medicine in children, with specific reference to vaccination. It explores alternative approaches to boost immunity in children.
This paper emphasises the need to nurture a plural healing approach in Maternal and Child Health Care so as to reduce Maternal and infant mortality rates. It highlights the strengths of Ayurveda and suggests ways to adopt these practices through the National Rural Health Mission.
Anaemia is a major public health issue in India today. Anemia can be called our national disease and in fact it is a national calamity. The figures for anemia among women and children of India are truly staggering. It is estimated that more than half of all Indian women and ¾th of Indian children suffer from anemia. The paradox about anemia is that, in India the level of anemia does not seem to have any relationship with the ^material wealth of the state- measured in terms of Net State Domestic Product (NSDP). Nor does anemia seem to have any relationship to the nutritional intake in different states measured in terms of calories proteins and fat. Neither the nutritionists nor the economists and sociologists of our country are able to provide any insight into this paradox. The only explanation possible for this paradox is provided by an Ayurvedic perspective. Ayurveda understands and treats anemia effectively and can offer a solution for this national problem.
This paper explores the notions of the subtle body and how it has given shape and life to birth rituals and notions in the Dai tradition.
Ayurveda considers food to be the best source of nourishment as well as medication for the pregnant woman. The nine monthly diet is singularly unique to Ayurveda. It changes in accordance with the growth of the fetus in the womb and at the same time ensures health of the mother. One can find remnants of this dietics with midwives and older women, but a detailed and comprehensive diet plan is being practiced only by the vaidyas of the classical medical tradition. In this paper we are giving a broad expanse of the month wise diet, which can be modified according to the age, season, place, constitution and the digestive fire of the pregnant woman.
Anuradha Singh is a scientist with National Institute of Science, Technology and Development Studies (CSIR) doing research on the theory and practice of Ayurveda. She has authored a book and several research papers on crossroads of Science and Indian Medical Traditions, Philosophical Foundations of Classical Medical Theories and Maternal Health & Ayurveda. She is also a founder member of Lok Swasthya Parampara Samvardhana Samiti (LSPSS) a network of individuals and NGOs working for the development and revitalization of Indian systems of health care. She was a resource person for MATRIKA and also an active member of its Advisory Board. She shares with her fellow contributors (of this issue) the conviction that Ayurveda, as a preventive and curative health system, can be a panacea to all that ails the humans, animals and the plant kingdom.
To rely on Ayurveda is the best way to ensure a safe and natural childbirth. Ayurveda understands all the factors, which bring about a hazard-free childbirth. By following a regulated diet and regimen, the pregnant mother is prepared for a natural delivery. By helping nature to take its course, women enjoy a risk-free childbirth. This paper provides a broad view of the diet and regimen during pregnancy
Kupipakwa Rasayanas are very popular and commonly prescribed preparations among the Ayurvedic physicians, and are looked upon as panacea. These are prepared in a specially designed glass bottle by gradual heating immersion in sand bath (Valuka Yantra). Particular chemical processes are involved in these preparations which also bear testimony to the great chemical knowledge prevailing in ancient India. In the present review, the probable chemistry of Kupipakwa Rasayanas has been discussed.
Rasasindura; Makaradhwaja; Malla-sindura; Shilasindura; Talas-indura; Rasakarpura; Rasapushpa; Swarna Vanga
The tribals such as Kokana, Mahadeo-Koli, Bhil, Warali, Thakur, Katkari etc. and rural people of Nasik district use different parts of plants in crude form as cures against eye and ear afflictions. This paper deals with 13 plant species of which five species are employed by preparing formulations like juice, pulp and contact of drug in case of eye diseases. These are prepared from leaves, stem-bark and roots and administered for conjunctivitis, cataract and burning sensation of eyes. Likewise, eight species are used to cure ear-diseases by using drugs in the form of juice obtained from leaves, young stem-bark and fruits. Out of 13 species, five species each against eye and ear complaints are being reported for the first time. Modern laboratory methods and techniques are, however, required to reveal new lead molecules.
Native phytotherapy; Eye and ear complaints
Alkaloids, tannins, saponins, steroid, terpenoid, flavonoids, phlobatannin and cardie glycoside distribution in seven medicinal plants belonging to different families were assessed and compared. The medicinal plants investigated were Aegle marmelos, Cynodon dactylon, Eclipta prostrata, Moringa pterygosperma, Pongamia pinnata, Sida acuta and Tridax procumbens. The significance of the plants in traditional medicine and the importance of the distribution of these chemical constituents were discussed with respect to the role of these plants in ethnomedicine in India.