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2.  Pharmacognostic and phytochemical studies on Ficus Microcarpa L. fil 
Ancient Science of Life  2012;32(2):107-111.
Background:
Ficus microcarpa L. fil. (Syn: Ficus retusa) (Moraceae) is well-known traditional medicinal plant. The bark is used for diverse health ailments in traditional and folklore remedies.
Aims:
The present study was undertaken to lay down pharmacognostical and phytochemical standards.
Materials and Methods:
Pharmacognostic studies on fresh, dried and powdered bark was carried out to determine it's morphological, anatomical, and phytochemical diagnostic features. Furthermore, major phytoconstituents were identified from the extracts with the help of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) study.
Results:
The morphology showed to be soft, brittle, rough, shallow vertical, irregularly oriented fissures, curved surface; with splintering, laminated fracture. Microscopically F. microcarpa showed all general characteristics of bark with some distinct differentiation. The phellem is thin and even, phelloderm few cell and rectangular and followed by smaller sclerides, the phloem rays are broad, multi-serrate and showed the scattered bundles of sclerides. The fluorescence and physicochemical standards for bark were established. HPLC analysis showed the predominant presence of therapeutically important phytoconstituents such as oleanolic, betulinic acid, lupeol, β-sitosterol, catechin, and gallic acid.
Conclusion:
The bark of F. microcarpa considered equivalent to other Ficus species, such as Ficus virens, Ficus infectoria, Ficus arnottiana, Ficus lacor, and Ficus talboti. However, there is no pharmacognostical and phytochemical reports on F. microcarpa to authenticate and differentiate it from similar species. Present work has described pharmacognostical and phytochemical characteristics of F. microcarpa and diagnostic features to differentiate it.
doi:10.4103/0257-7941.118550
PMCID: PMC3807953  PMID: 24167337
Ficus microcarpa; Ficus retusa; pharmacognostic; phytochemical study
3.  Antiulcer activity of Amlapitta Mishran suspension in rats: A pilot study 
Ancient Science of Life  2012;32(2):112-115.
Context:
Amlapitta Mishran suspension is a poly herbal ayurvedic formulation, which has been traditionally used for acidity and gastric ulcers.
Aim:
The aim of this study is to evaluate the antiulcer activity of Amlapitta Mishran on non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID's) -induced ulcers in the rat model.
Subjects and Methods:
The antiulcer activity of Amlapitta Mishran was investigated on indomethacin (100 mg/kg) NSAID's induced ulcers in rats. Effect of two different doses of Amlapitta Mishran was studied by calculating the total number of ulcers, ulcer index and percentage inhibition.
Statistical Analysis Used:
Data was analyzed by the Student's t-test (P < 0.05).
Results:
Amlapitta Mishran treated rats have shown significant (P < 0.0001) decrease in the total number of ulcers and ulcer index and significant increase in % inhibition of ulcers as compared with positive control group.
Conclusion:
The results indicate that Amlapitta Mishran has showed a dose dependent antiulcer activity in experimental animals and confirms ayurvedic use of Amlapitta Mishran in gastric ulcers.
doi:10.4103/0257-7941.118551
PMCID: PMC3807954  PMID: 24167338
Antiulcer activity; cyclooxygenase; gastric ulcers; indomethacin
4.  Capacity building of AYUSH practitioners to study the feasibility of their involvement in non-communicable disease prevention and control 
Ancient Science of Life  2012;32(2):116-119.
Background:
Sharing of public health knowledge and skills by professionals in allopathic system of medicine with Ayurveda, Yoga, and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy (AYUSH) professionals in India has always been considered as part of integrating the health system in India. But till date, a curriculum has not been framed for follow-up.
Materials and Methods:
A training course was developed for AYUSH professionals in India on the public health principles for the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Three course chairs interacted with international and national public health and AYUSH experts, and the curriculum for a 3-month course was developed.
Results:
The curriculum comprised interactive lectures, problem-based exercise, field visits, and research protocol development. A total of four participants, nominated by the World Health Organization, India, were trained during the course, with significant (P = 0.00) improvement in knowledge from 53.2 to 80.0 points.
Conclusion:
A novel and feasible public health course for complementary and alternative medicine professionals on the public health principles for NCDs’ prevention and control is needed to bridge the demand gap for public health professionals in India.
doi:10.4103/0257-7941.118552
PMCID: PMC3807955  PMID: 24167339
AYUSH course; non-communicable disease; public health
5.  Ayurvedic Point, translating tradition into modernity 
Ancient Science of Life  2012;32(2):123-125.
doi:10.4103/0257-7941.118554
PMCID: PMC3807956  PMID: 24167340
6.  The European Academy of Ayurveda: 20 years of Ayurvedic education in Germany 
Ancient Science of Life  2012;32(1):63-65.
doi:10.4103/0257-7941.113797
PMCID: PMC3733211  PMID: 23929998
8.  Antioxidant potential and total phenolic content of methanolic bark extract of Madhuca indica (koenig) Gmelin 
Ancient Science of Life  2012;31(3):132-136.
This study was carried out to investigate the antioxidant and free radical scavenging activity of methanolic extract of Madhuca indica bark in varios systems. DPPH radical, superoxide anion radical, nitric oxide radical, hydroxyl radical, lipid peroxidation, and total phenolic content assays were carried out to evaluate the antioxidant potential of the extract. The percentage inhibition of 40 μg/ml concentration of MMI in DPPH radical scavenging model was found as 74.1%. The scavenging of nitric oxide by the plant extract was concentration dependent and IC50 value of rutin was found to be 161.7 μg/ml. MMI elicited significant and concentration-dependent superoxide radical scavenging effect with MMI as well as standard curcumin, which exhibited IC50 values of 38.1 and 5.84 μg/ml, respectively. MMI demonstrated significant scavenging activity of OH- radical generated from Fe2+-ascorbate-EDTA-H2O2 in a concentration-dependent manner. The extract showed a significant dose-dependent free radical scavenging activity in all the models. The extract showed the presence of high phenolic content corresponding to 98.48 μg equivalent of gallic acid and the antioxidant activity could be attributed to this.
doi:10.4103/0257-7941.103197
PMCID: PMC3530338  PMID: 23284220
Antioxidant activity; DPPH; Madhuca indica; nitric oxide radical
9.  Traditional phytotherapy for the treatment of hydrocele in Odisha, India 
Ancient Science of Life  2012;31(3):137-140.
The present article deals with the unknown traditional uses of 15 plant species for the treatment of hydrocele, collected from 27 tribal groups ofthe Sundargarh, Mayurbhanj, Angul, and Balangir districts of Odisha. These ethnomedicinal uses were compared and cross-checked with the data mentioned in the well-known, standard, Indian ethnomedicinal as well as medicinal literatures and it was found that these medicinal uses of the referred plants had not been reported earlier.
doi:10.4103/0257-7941.103198
PMCID: PMC3530339  PMID: 23284221
Angul; Balangir; hydrocele; Mayurbhanj; Odisha; Sundargarh
10.  TLC – SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF STRYCHNINE AND BRUCINE FROM THE AYURVEDIC PILLS OF NUX VOMICA 
Ancient Science of Life  1986;6(1):47-48.
Ayurvedic preparations claim on their label only the quantity of crude drugs and not the quantity of active ingredients present therein. So work was taken up to find the percentage of strychnine and brucine from Ayurvedic pills of Nux vomica powder by TLC spectrophotometric analysis, which study has not been reported earlier. However, the literature survey only revealed the following work.
PMCID: PMC3331393  PMID: 22557548
12.  IS IT A WEED? 
Ancient Science of Life  1984;4(2):114-115.
PMCID: PMC3331494  PMID: 22557462

Results 1-13 (13)