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1.  Expression of calponin in periglomerular myofibroblasts of rat kidney with experimental chronic injuries 
Anatomy & Cell Biology  2010;43(2):132-139.
Our previous research demonstrated that calponin-immunoreactivity was localized in myofibroblasts of the periglomerular region of human kidney specimens obtained at the time of transplantation from organ recipients. In the present study we examined calponin expression in two chronic nephropathy models, puromycin aminonucleoside (PAN) nephropathy and subtotal nephrectomy (SNx), to investigate the role of calponin in chronic renal injury. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were used, and both nephropathy models were established at 1, 2, 4, and 8 weeks after surgery. There were no periglomerular calponin-positive cells in sham, PAN 1 and 2 week, and SNx 1, 2, and 4 week groups. In SNx 8 week and PAN 4 and 8 week groups, only a few glomeruli with periglomerular calponin-reactivity, which covered half or a very small part of the periglomerular space, were observed. All glomeruli with periglomerular calponin-reactivity showed sclerotic changes, especially thickening of parietal epithelial cells (PECs). In conjunction with our previous report, this data represents the first documentation of the expression of calponin in renal myofibroblasts. We suggest that interactions between PECs and calponin-positive myofibroblasts may play a key role in the late stage of glomerulosclerosis.
doi:10.5115/acb.2010.43.2.132
PMCID: PMC2998789  PMID: 21189994
Chronic renal failure; rat; calponin; immunohistochemistry; renal myofibroblasts
2.  Expression of ciliary neurotrophic factor and its receptor in experimental obstructive nephropathy 
Anatomy & Cell Biology  2011;44(2):85-97.
Ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) is well known as a growth/survival factor of neuronal tissue. We investigated the expression of CNTF and its specific receptor alpha (CNTFRα) in a unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) model. Complete UUO was produced by left ureteral ligation in Sprague-Dawley rats. The animals were sacrificed on days 1, 3, 5, 7, 14, 21, and 28 after UUO. The kidneys were fixed, and processed for both immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. CNTF immunoreactivity in sham-operated kidneys was observed only in the descending thin limb (DTL) of the loop of Henle. In UUO kidneys, CNTF expression was induced in the S3 segment (S3s) of the proximal tubule from day 1, and progressively expanded into the entire S3s and a part of the convoluted proximal tubules, distal tubules (DT), and glomerular parietal epithelium up to day 7. Upregulated CNTF expression was maintained to day 28. From day 14, the inner medullary collecting duct showed weak CNTF immunoreactivity. The CNTFRα mRNA hybridization signal in sham-operated kidneys was weakly detected in the DTL, DT, medullary thick ascending limb, and in a few S3s cells. After UUO, CNTFRα mRNA expression increased progressively in both the renal cortex and the medulla up to day 7 and increased expression was maintained until day 28. The results suggest that the S3s may be the principal induction site for CNTF in response to renal injury, and that CNTF may play a role in chronic renal injury.
doi:10.5115/acb.2011.44.2.85
PMCID: PMC3145847  PMID: 21829752
Ciliary neurotrophic factor; Ciliary neurotrophic factor receptor alpha subunit; Ureteral obstruction; Immunohistochemistry; In situ hybridization

Results 1-2 (2)