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1.  SUMO-activating SAE1 transcription is positively regulated by Myc 
Myc protein plays a fundamental role in regulation of cell cycle, proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis by modulating the expression of a large number of targets. Here we report the transactivation ability of the human Myc protein to activate the SUMO-activating enzyme SAE1 transcription. We found that Myc activates SAE1 transcription via direct binding to canonical E-Boxes sequences located close to the SAE1 transcription start site. A recent report has highlighted the crucial role of the SAE gene expression in Myc mediated oncogenesis. Our study adds new insight in this context since we show here that Myc directly activates SAE1 transcription, suggesting that Myc oncogenic activity which depends on SAE1 is ensured by Myc itself through direct binding and transcriptional activation of SAE1 expression.
PMCID: PMC3365806  PMID: 22679563
Myc; SUMOylation; SAE1; transcription
2.  Epigenetic reprogramming of Myc target genes 
Myc protein plays a fundamental role in regulation of cell cycle, proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis by modulating the expression of a large number of targets. Myc binding to its targets depends on the presence of the E-box binding sequence and by a chromatin context in which histone H3K4me3 lysine methylation favors Myc binding. Myc role in transcription is still an open question since Myc is able to either activate or repress target genes and the molecular mechanisms by which it exerts these functions span from chromatin remodeling to processive RNAPII elongation. Since the types and number of enzymes able to reversibly modify histones is recently growing, some of the acquisitions regarding Myc chromatin remodeling properties are being revaluated. Here, we summarize recent findings regarding the function of Myc in epigenetic reprogramming of its targets in transcription of differentiated as well as pluripotent cells.
PMCID: PMC3180057  PMID: 21969221
Myc; transcription; histones acetylation; histones methylation; epigenome

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