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1.  Antioxidant Capacity of Some Plant Foods and Beverages Consumed in the Eastern Region of Nigeria 
Today plant foods and beverages are receiving more scientific attention because of their potential to curb the effect of free radicals in the human system. The present study reports on the antioxidant potentials of some plants foods and beverages consumed in the Eastern Region of Nigeria. The study made use of the ferric reducing antioxidant power, phenolic and the flavonoid contents assays to assess the quality of the antioxidant potentials of the plant foods and beverages. Of the different classes of foods analyzed the following showed high antioxidant potentials: coffee for beverages, star apple for fruits, thyme for vegetable and spices, and raices for alcoholic beverages. Generally the vegetables and spices registered the highest antioxidant properties. The results obtained in this study could help consumers' choice based on the antioxidant capacity of the samples analyzed.
PMCID: PMC3218467  PMID: 22654212
Antioxidant; phenolic; ferric reducing antioxidant power; flavonoids; plant foods
2.  Phytochemical Studies and Antioxidant Properties of Four Medicinal Plants Used in Cameroon 
Four plants (Amphimas pterocaroides, Harungana madagascariensis, Myrianthus arboreus, and Cussonia barteri) that are commonly used in Cameroon for the management or reversal of anaemia were screened for their phytochemical content and antioxidant potential. Four extracts (methanolic, hydro-ethanolic, aqueous, and hydrolysed) from each of the plants were prepared and analysed. Qualitative phytochemical tests were used to detect the presence of alkaloids, tannins, saponins, flavonoids, glycosides and phenols, while three quantitative methods; Folin, Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power (FRAP) and diphenyl -1, 2-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) were used to determine the antioxidant potential of these extracts. With the exception of the extracts of Cussonia barteri (negative for triterpenes and phenols) and the aqueous extract of Harungana madagascariensis (negative result for cardiac glycosides and glycosides), all other extracts contained the phytochemicals tested. The highest antioxidant activities were observed in the hydrolysed extracts of each plant, while the aqueous extract showed the least activity irrespective of the method used. The presence of active phytochemical substances with antioxidant activities may provide substantial basis for the use of these plants in ethnomedicine.
PMCID: PMC2816508  PMID: 20161918
Phytochemicals; Antioxidant; Folin; FRAP; DPPH

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