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1.  The Changing Concepts of Vesicoureteral Reflux in Children 
Advances in Urology  2009;2008:767138.
doi:10.1155/2008/767138
PMCID: PMC2654059  PMID: 19283077
2.  Interactions of Constipation, Dysfunctional Elimination Syndrome, and Vesicoureteral Reflux 
Advances in Urology  2008;2008:828275.
Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is simply described as incompetence of the unidirectional valve at the ureterovesical junction (UVJ), leading to backflow of urine to the kidney. Today, it is clear that VUR is not only related to the UVJ function but also to a combination of processes including immunity, bladder and pelvic floor function, dysfunctional voiding, and constipation. Although our surgical aims directed towards improving the valve coaptation at the UVJ, we understand today the importance of the diagnosis and treatment of constipation and dysfunctional voiding adjunctively.
doi:10.1155/2008/828275
PMCID: PMC2441926  PMID: 18604297

Results 1-2 (2)