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1.  Metal Bezoars Causing Upper Gastrointestinal Obstruction in a Schizophrenic 
Metal bezoars are uncommon foreign bodies (FB) in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and comprised of a wide variety of objects. A 17-year-old schizophrenic presented with abdominal pain and distension along with non-bilious vomiting for 2 weeks. Physical examination revealed dullness to percussion in the epigastrium. Plain radiographs revealed objects of metal density contained within a dilated stomach. Laparotomy was performed revealing metal objects in stomach.
Keywords: Metal bezoars, Psychiatric illness, Intestinal obstruction
How to Cite: Siddiqui Z. Metal bezoars causing upper gastrointestinal obstruction in a schizophrenic. APSP J Case Rep 2011; 2:14
PMCID: PMC3418016  PMID: 22953281
3.  Mature Gastric Teratoma: The Mixed Exogastric and Endogastric Variety  
Gastric teratomas are extremely rare tumors. A 15-day-old neonate presented with abdominal mass. Ultrasound of abdomen showed mixed echogenicity lesion. CT scan showed a mass with solid and cystic components and internal calcifications. At operation a tumor arising from the posterior wall of the stomach found. It was exogastric as well as endogastric in location. Biopsy report was suggestive of mature teratoma.
PMCID: PMC3418022  PMID: 22953284
Gastric teratoma;  Endogastric tumor;  Exogastric tumour
4.  Volvulus of Small Bowel in a Case of Simple Meconium Ileus 
Meconium ileus is one of important causes of neonatal intestinal obstruction. Many patients respond well to nonsurgical management with enemas, however, few patients may develop complications in the postnatal period thus requiring urgent operation. A 2 day old newborn presented with clinical features of intestinal obstruction. There was a suspicion of meconium ileus. Contrast x-ray with gastrografin enema was suggestive of unused colon with beaded appearance. Patient had to be surgery as repeated enemas did not improve the condition and progressive abdominal distension occurred. At exploration twist of the dilated, meconium filled loop of small bowel found. De-twisting of the volvulus done and Bishop Koop ileostomy fashioned. Patient made an uneventful recovery. Stoma was closed six months later.
PMCID: PMC3418008  PMID: 22953274
Meconium ileus; Volvulus; Complications
5.  Ewing’s Sarcoma in Scapular Region 
Ewing's sarcoma (ES) primarily affects bones and commonly presents in adolescents and young adults. This paper reports a rare case of extra osseous ES of the scapular region in a 9 years old girl. She was treated by a multidisciplinary approach including surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. She was followed up for two years and remained well.
PMCID: PMC3418025  PMID: 22953289
Ewing’s sarcoma; Extra-osseous; Chemotherapy
6.  Spontaneous Intravesical Knotting of Urethral Catheter 
Infant feeding tubes (IFT) have been universally used as urethral catheters in neonates and children for several decades. Though generally a safe procedure, it may cause significant morbidity if the catheter spontaneously knots inside the bladder. We report this complication in three children including a neonate.
PMCID: PMC3418027  PMID: 22953288
Urinary catheter; Catheterization complication; Intravesical knotting; Posterior sagittal anorectoplasty
8.  Open Safety Pin Ingestion Presenting as Incarcerated Umbilical Hernia 
Foreign body ingestion is common in children. Sharp foreign bodies are potentially harmful and can result various complications. An 8-month-old infant presented with incarcerated umbilical hernia. With a suspicion of strangulation, operation was performed that revealed a loop of ileum being stuck in the umbilical defect. The loop of ileum was freed from the umbilicus which demonstrated open ends of safety pin piercing out of bowel lumen. The enterotomy followed by removal of safety pin was performed.
PMCID: PMC3418029  PMID: 22953292
Safety pin ingestion; Strangulated umbilical hernia; Intestinal perforation
9.  Epigastric Heteropagus Twin 
Parasitic twining is a rare type of monozygotic monochorionic monoamniotic asymmetrical conjoined twin. We report a case of epigastric heteropagus twin. An ultrasound scan showed a defect of 1.5 cm in the epigastrium. CT showed soft tissue lobulated mass with fat and air components coming out of the epigastric defect. At operation rudimentary alimentary canal with no viscera, was found in the parasite. The parasite was easily separated from the host.
PMCID: PMC3418030  PMID: 22953291
Conjoined twin;  Monochorionic monoamniotic;  Epigastric heteropagus twin
10.  Reconstructive Surgery in a Patient with Persistent Cloaca 
Cloacal malformations are challenging as to the surgical correction. A case of cloacal malformation who underwent reconstructive surgery is being reported. The patient had colostomy in the neonatal period and reconstruction was performed at the age of 6 year. The surgical management included abdomino-perineal anorecto-urethro-colo-vaginoplasty. The patient is fully continent of urine and achieved fair continence of feces at 9 months of follow up.
PMCID: PMC3418031  PMID: 22953290
Persistent cloaca; Urogenital sinus; Anorectal malformation; Fecal continence
11.  Acute Gastric Volvulus Secondary to Malrotation of Gut in a Child with Cerebral Palsy 
Acute gastric volvulus secondary to malrotation of gut is a rare surgical emergency. We report a case of an eight years old cerebral palsy (CP) child who presented to us with sudden upper abdominal distension and non productive retching. X-ray abdomen revealed a huge gas shadow on left side of abdomen with paucity of distal gas shadows. On exploration organoaxial gastric volvulus with gastric ischemia, secondary to malrotation of gut, was found. Volvulus derotated and Ladd’s procedure was done. Gastropexy and fundoplication was not done due to gastric ischemia. Early diagnosis and surgical management can save the patient from fatal complications of gastric perforation due to gastric ischemia.
PMCID: PMC3418017  PMID: 22953279
Acute gastric volvulus;  Gastric ischemia; Malrotation;  Gastropexy
12.  Lymph Nodal Infarction Simulating Acute Appendicitis 
A number of diseases can present as acute right iliac region pain. Lymph node infarction, located adjacent to the cecum, mimicking acute appendicitis in a 13-year-old boy is presented here.
PMCID: PMC3418018  PMID: 22953280
Lymph node infarction;  Acute appendicitis;  Pain right iliac region
13.  True Hermaphrodite: A Case Report 
True hermaphrodite is one of the rarest variety of disorders of sexual differentiation (DSD) and represents only 5% cases of all. A 3-year-old child presented with left sided undescended testis and penoscrotal hypospadias. Chordee correction was performed 18 months back, elsewhere. At laparotomy Mullerian structures were present on left side. On right side testis was normally descended into the scrotum.
PMCID: PMC3418019  PMID: 22953283
True hermaphrodite;  Persistent mullerian duct syndrome;  Disorders of sexual differentiation
17.  Yang-Monti Continent Ileovesicostomy: Experience with Three Cases 
Mitrofanoff appendicovesicostomy has been the method of choice for dealing with urinary incontinence. However, there may be some cases where some alternate conduits have to be used. Yang-Monti ileovesicostomy is an alternative to Mitrofanoff appendicovesicostomy. Three boys who underwent successful Yang-Monti continent ileovesicostomy are reported in this manuscript. In the first case, Mitrofanoff procedure was done for traumatic anorectal and urethral disruption after attempting ureterosigmoidostomy. Later on, on the request of the patient the appendicovesicostomy was excised. The patient presented later with chronic renal failure and bilateral hydroureteronephrosis thus an ileovesicostomy was fashioned. The patient could not be survived due to chronic renal failure related complications. In the second patient with exstrophy of bladder, the ileocecal junction along with appendix had to be resected on account of strangulated inguinal hernia; later on, an ileovesicostomy was performed for small capacity bladder and major degree of vesicoureteric reflux. The third patient with exstrophy of bladder, in whom Mitrofanoff procedure had been performed, presented with stenosis of the appendicovesicostomy. On re-operation the entire channel had disappeared thus necessitated ileovesicostomy. Both of these patients were doing well on follow-up.
PMCID: PMC3418024  PMID: 22953282
Mitrofanoff;  Appendicovesicostomy;  Ileovesicostomy
18.  Ischiopagus Tripus Conjoined Twins 
A conjoined twin is one of the rare congenital defects. Ischiopagus variety is even rarer. We present a case of ischiopagus-tripus conjoined twins. They were fused at the lower halves of the bodies. One of the twins was apparently normal looking, active and pink. The other twin was small, ill looking, sluggish and cyanosed. There were two well formed separate lower limbs on one side and a fused limb at the other side. The twins had an imperforate anus and two small orifices draining urine with incompletely developed external genitalia. Pre-operative workup was in progress when the twins passed away.
PMCID: PMC3418005  PMID: 22953272
Conjoined Twins; Ischiopagus; Tripus; Tetrapus
19.  Delayed Presentation of Trichobezoar with Small Bowel Obstruction 
Small bowel obstruction is a common surgical emergency but trichobezoar as an etiology, rarely reported. A seven year old school going female child presented with acute intestinal obstruction with a palpable and mobile mass in the abdomen. At exploration, a 10 cm long trichobezoar was found in the distal ileum which was removed through enterotomy. Postoperative course remained uneventful. Further probing revealed that child used to eat her own scalp hairs at the age of 2 years and the habit persisted for about 18 months which resulted in alopecia at that time. Later on she started showing normal behavior.
PMCID: PMC3418006  PMID: 22953273
Trichobezoar; Intestinal obstruction; Child
25.  Actinomycosis Presenting as an Abdominal Mass in a Child 
Abdominal actinomycosis in childhood period is very rare and a relation to trauma is not well established. Herein we report a case that appeared subsequent to abdominal trauma. A 17 years old boy presented with left lower quadrant abdominal mass and signs of acute abdomen. The symptoms of abdominal discomfort began after a fall from height 3 months before admission. There were signs of acute abdomen at physical examination. Ultrasound of abdomen demonstrated a mass; CT scan findings pointed to a suspicious “internal hernia”. An emergency laparotomy was performed. During surgery, a mass located over sigmoid colon and infiltrating the lateral abdominal wall was found. It was removed en bloc with the adjacent omentum. Except for the thickened sigmoid colon, no other pathologies were present at laparotomy. The pathology specimen revealed the actinomyces infection. The patient was treated with oral penicillin after discharge and the follow-up was uneventful. We advocate, keeping the actinomyces infection in mind in cases presenting with abdominal mass of unknown origin in childhood period.
PMCID: PMC3418013  PMID: 22953271
Abdominal actinomycosis; Abdominal trauma; Mass abdomen; Actinomycosis

Results 1-25 (27)