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2.  Segmental Dilatation of Ileum Associated with Anterior Thoracolumbar Meningomyelocele and Bilateral Undescended Testes 
Segmental dilatation of ileum (SDI) is a rare clinical entity and so is anterior thoracic meningomyelocele (AMC). There has been no reported association between these two clinical entities. We hereby report a very rare presentation of these two in a 4 year old boy who presented with swelling in the right lower abdomen. Preoperative diagnoses were partial cecal volvulus and duplication cyst. At operation, SDI along with AMC was found.
PMCID: PMC4288836  PMID: 25628994
Segmental dilatation of ileum; Anterior meningomyelocele; Undescended testes
3.  Clear Cell Sarcoma of the Kidney: Report of Two Cases 
Clear cell sarcoma of kidney (CCSK) is an aggressive renal neoplasm. We report two boys aged three and half, and three years with CCSK, one of whom had a disease free survival of four years and eight months. These patients were managed with surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. One of the patients discontinued treatment early and lost to follow up. Aggressive multimodality therapy is the keystone to improved outcome.
PMCID: PMC4207237  PMID: 25374799
Clear cell sarcoma; Kidney; Wilm's tumor
4.  Isolated Soft Tissue Cysticercosis Involving the Trunk in Children: Report of 4 Cases 
Isolated soft tissue cysticercosis of the trunk in the absence of concurrent central nervous system involvement is uncommon and may be difficult to diagnose. We report 4 such cases in the pediatric age group. Preoperative diagnosis of soft tissue cysticercosis was considered only in 1 patient, the rest were diagnosed only after biopsy. Complete excision (without rupture) was done. All of them underwent a CT scan head along with ophthalmic examination to rule out the more common sites of occurrence of cysticercosis. No further treatment was undertaken as the evaluation was negative. In endemic areas like ours we must suspect this entity not only in the limb muscles, but also in the subcutaneous tissues of the trunk. If diagnosed accurately, it can be treated medically, eliminating the need for surgery.
PMCID: PMC3863824  PMID: 24381831
Cysticercosis; Taenia solium; Parasitic cyst
6.  Giant Hydatid Cyst within a Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation of the Lung 
A case of hydatid cyst within a congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) of the right lower lobe of lung in an 8-year-old girl is reported. Presence of CCAM was confirmed on histopathology of the lung tissue attached to the specimen.
PMCID: PMC3754399  PMID: 24040592
Hydatid cyst;  Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation;  Pericystectomy
7.  Intraperitoneal Rupture of Hepatic Hydatid Cyst Following Blunt Abdominal Trauma 
Peritonitis due to rupture of liver hydatid cyst secondary to blunt abdominal trauma can present with fatal consequences. Timely diagnosis and appropriate surgical management can be life saving. We report a case of ruptured liver hydatid cyst in the peritoneal cavity following trauma and its successful operative management in a preadolescent previously asymptomatic boy. Importance of detailed physical examination and early diagnosis by using appropriate radiological investigations is highlighted.
PMCID: PMC3418044  PMID: 22953304
Hepatic hydatid cyst;  Peritonitis;  Trauma
8.  Peritonitis Caused by Rupture of Infected Retroperitoneal Teratoma 
Retroperitoneal teratomas are usually asymptomatic, though there have been isolated reports of retroperitoneal teratomas presenting as intra-abdominal abscesses and peritonitis in adults. A 7-year-old girl who had presented with acute abdomen due to ruptured retroperitoneal teratoma is reported.
PMCID: PMC3418036  PMID: 22953296
Retroperitoneal teratoma;  Peritonitis;  Infected teratoma;  Mature teratoma
9.  Spontaneous Intravesical Knotting of Urethral Catheter 
Infant feeding tubes (IFT) have been universally used as urethral catheters in neonates and children for several decades. Though generally a safe procedure, it may cause significant morbidity if the catheter spontaneously knots inside the bladder. We report this complication in three children including a neonate.
PMCID: PMC3418027  PMID: 22953288
Urinary catheter; Catheterization complication; Intravesical knotting; Posterior sagittal anorectoplasty
10.  Desmoid Tumor of the Buttock in a Preadolescent Child 
Extra-abdominal desmoid tumors are circumscribed but non-capsulated neoplasms of differentiated fibrous tissue arising from musculoaponeurotic tissues. They tend to be locally infiltrative, resulting in a high rate of local recurrence without metastasis, following surgical resection. We report a 9-year-old boy who had a large desmoid tumor in his right buttock that was successfully excised.
PMCID: PMC3418014  PMID: 22953269
Desmoid Tumor; Aggressive fibromatosis; Musculoaponeurotic fibromatosis; Fibrosarcoma; Recurrence
11.  Tracheal Trifurcation Associated With Esophageal Atresia 
We report a newborn with esophageal atresia (EA) in whom right tracheal bronchus (TB) and a tracheal diverticulum were identified intra-operatively. The right TB was further confirmed on MRI scan performed post-operatively. Such a tracheal trifurcation associated with EA has not been reported hitherto from Indian subcontinent.
PMCID: PMC3417993  PMID: 22953257
Esophageal atresia; Tracheo-esophageal fistula; Tracheal bronchus; Tracheal trifurcation
12.  Intrauterine Intussusception Causing Ileal Atresia 
Intrauterine intussusception (IUI) is the one of the rarest recognized causes of jejuno-ileal atresia (JIA). We report on a 15-day old full-term neonate presenting with features of intestinal obstruction, wherein on exploration, a visible ileo-ileal intussusception resulting in ileal atresia was found. The relevant literature has been reviewed.
PMCID: PMC3417996  PMID: 22953261
Intrauterine Intussusception; Jejuno-ileal atresia; Neonatal intestinal obstruction; Etiology

Results 1-12 (12)