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issn:2229-340
2.  THE SECOND CAMPAIGN FOR POLIOMYELITIS VACCINATION IN THE EASTERN PROVINCE: DIFFERENT STRATEGY WITH SIMILAR SUCCESS 
Purpose:
To determine whether the change from the door-to-door strategy of administering the Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) to designated vaccination points has led to less than optimal vaccination coverage.
Methods:
The Second Bi Annual Poliomyelitis Vaccination ended on 28 Rajab 1417N (9 December 1996G). To minimize the high cost in terms of staff and financial resources, the local authority in the Eastern Province offered the vaccinations at various primary health and commercial centers, schools and private hospitals. The WHO cluster sampling technique was used to conduct a survey in the Al-Khobar and Qatif areas to verify the percentage coverage using the new strategy.
Results:
A total population of 1399 including 644 adults and 755 children (317 Al-Khobar, 438 Qatif) was surveyed. There were 153 children aged less than 5 years in Al-Khobar and 179 in Qatif Of these, 148 (96.7%) in Al-Khobar were vaccinated compared to 179 (100%) in Qatif. Only 5 of the eligible children were not vaccinated, two of whom were Saudis and three non-Saudis.
Conclusions:
The study shows an overall percentage coverage of 98.4 in the Eastern Province which is well above the WHO's minimal 80% target for success. This method of vaccination at assigned points may be used in areas where the literacy rate is high and public cooperation is at a maximum.
PMCID: PMC3437134  PMID: 23008566
Poliomyelitis; campaign; vaccination; Saudi Arabia
3.  DID THE NATIONAL CAMPAIGN FOR POLIOMYELITIS VACCINATION ACHIEVE ITS OBJECTIVES? A PILOT SURVEY IN AL-KHOBAR AREA 
Objectives:
To verify whether the first national campaign for poliomyelitis vaccination achieved its objectives.
Setting:
Al-Khobar area in the Eastern Province of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Materials & Methods:
Randomized samples have been obtained using the Bowleg's proportional allocation scheme. At the first stage, housing blocks of 8-10 houses were selected using random sampling procedure. At a second stage, 2 houses from each block were selected in a 1 or 4 order. Both Saudi and non-Saudi nationals living in these households were screened using pretested questionnaire administered at a face-to-face by trained interviewers. The questionnaire covered areas that included number of children vaccinated, reasons for non vaccination, whether or not the vaccinated child has received certificate of vaccination as well as placement of stickers on the door of the vaccinated households.
Result:
A total of 107 households were surveyed in Al-Khobar. The total populations surveyed was 527 people including 213 adults and 314 children (152 of the children were aged 5 years or less). In all the households surveyed, all eligible children age 5 years or less were vaccinated. All of the vaccinated children obtained a vaccination certificate.
Conclusion:
The overall percentage coverage in Al-Khobar was 100%. This denotes the success of the campaign. A nationwide survey is suggested to corroborate these findings.
PMCID: PMC3437165  PMID: 23008559
Poliomyelitis; Vaccination; Saudi Arabia
4.  Factors Associated with Diarrhoea Prevalence in Saudi Arabia 
The weather of Saudi Arabia is hot and dry for most of the year. The country is devoid of surface water which often help the transmission of diarrhoeal diseases. Nevertheless, this country is not free from diarrhoeal diseases. The role of such factors as crowding, patterns of water use, sanitation, quality of housing, feeding practices and region of residence have not been adequately studied. The 1987 National Child Health Survey data were used to earmark the roles of the aforementioned determinants of diarrhoea in Saudi children aged below six. A stratified and representative sample of 8,566 married women living in rural and urban areas were interviewed by 120 female nurses. There were about two episodes of diarrhoea per child per year. Children aged 6 to 23 months had nearly double the prevalence rate of the older children. Children from rural areas and the southern region had higher rates than children from other areas. Children who were both breast and bottle fed, children of 1-4 member families and of families with 3 or more persons per room had higher prevalence rates. Children of families whose homes had earthen floors, those who used well water and those without toilet facilities who used open fields for defecation had significantly higher rates. In spite of adverse climate and little use of surface water these factors were significantly associated with higher prevalence rates of diarrhoea in Saudi children under six years of age.
PMCID: PMC3437149  PMID: 23012207
Diarrhoea; Factors; Prevalence; Saudi Arabia

Results 1-4 (4)