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issn:2229-340
1.  A NON-COMPARATIVE DESCRIPTIVE STUDY OF THE RISK FACTORS FOR CHILDHOOD DISABILITY, AND THE REHABILITATION SERVICES IN JEDDAH, SAUDI ARABIA 
Objectives:
Identify the possible risk factors in our community that may influence having a disabled child, and identify the rehabilitation services available to disabled children.
Methods:
Data were collected from six rehabilitation institutes for auditory, visual and mental disabilities in Jeddah City during April 1999. Complete data available on sociodemographic and medical risk factors were extracted from the institutes’ files. Personal interviews with the disabled were conducted to confirm information on the services offered to them.
Results:
Certain modifiable risk factors affecting child health, such as early and late marriages and childbearing, illiteracy, unemployment, high parity and consanguineous marriages still exist in our community. Occupational hazards were also detected among military workers and working women. Disabilities related to perinatal health with antenatal, natal and postnatal components were also observed. According to resources available, various rehabilitation services are offered to disabled children.
Conclusion:
The need for intervention in two areas of health is crucial. The first is the prevention of future disabilities through continuous research, modification of unfavorable habits and the strengthening of the quality of perinatal care. The second is the improvement of rehabilitation services in order to raise the quality of life of the handicapped.
PMCID: PMC3437058  PMID: 23008642
Childhood disability; handicapped; risk factors; consanguineous marriage; perinatal care; Saudi Arabia
2.  THE PREVALENCE OF CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS AMONG STUDENTS IN JEDDAH, SAUDI ARABIA 
Objectives:
To determine the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among students in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Methods:
A cross-sectional study was conducted during 1994 on a sample of students selected from 49 public schools using a multistage stratified random sampling technique. For all students, an interview was conducted and anthropometric and blood pressure measurements were obtained. Fasting glucose and total cholesterol levels on a capillary blood sample were measured using Accutrend for a subsample of students.
Results:
Of the 4042 students selected, 71% were males and the overall mean age was 15.3 ± 2.7 years. After age adjustment, about 23% of the students were found overweight. In addition, 6.4% and 9% of the students were found to have systolic and diastolic hypertension, respectively, with no statistically significant difference between males and females. Among 1432 students, 4% of males and 2% of females had hypercholesterolemia (p=0.06). Hyperglycemia was found in 0.4% of males and 0.6% of females. Among 1834 students in the 9th to 12th grades, 6.9% of males and 0.5% of females were current cigarette smokers.
Conclusions:
Since attitudes and behaviors that influence future health are established during childhood and adolescence, intervention to prevent cardiovascular diseases (in adult life) should take place in childhood and youth to reduce the risk factors and schools have a great role to play in the promotion of good health.
PMCID: PMC3437094  PMID: 23008574
Cardiovascular risk factors; school students; Saudi Arabia

Results 1-2 (2)