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issn:2229-340
1.  Was there a change in the body mass index of Saudi adolescent girls in Al-Khobar between 1997 and 2007? 
Background and Objectives:
Special concern is focused on the nutritional status of adolescent girls in order to avoid future health problems. The aim of this study was to determine the change in body mass index (BMI) among adolescent Saudi girls living in Al-Khobar between 1997 and 2007.
Materials and Methods:
A cross-sectional sample of adolescent Saudi girls, 15–19-years-old, living in Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia, was analyzed through two data sets. The first data set (n = 400) was collected in 1997 and the second (n = 321) was collected in 2007. Both data sets used the same sampling method. Anthropometric measurements were made and the BMI was used to determine participants’ nutritional status. Statistical analysis was performed.
Results:
There was an increase in the median weight of Saudi adolescent girls from 1997 to 2007, but the change was not statistically significant. There was a statistically significant change, however, in adolescent girls’ height during the 10-year interval. Using BMI to determine the nutritional status of the sample, no statistically significant difference was found. Overweight and obesity remain prevalent in about 30% of the adolescent girls, and about 3.5% of the girls in both sets were underweight.
Conclusions:
This study concluded that there was no change in BMI among Saudi adolescent girls living in Al-Khobar during the 10-year span. Underweight is of low prevalence, and overweight and obesity are the critical nutritional problems that are faced by this population. Further research using time span comparisons is important to assess changes in maladaptive overweight and obesity.
doi:10.4103/2230-8229.83367
PMCID: PMC3159227  PMID: 21897910
Adolescent girls; body mass index; obesity; overweight; Saudi Arabia
2.  DIABETES KNOWLEDGE AMONG SELF REPORTED DIABETIC FEMALE TEACHERS: AL-KHOBAR, SAUDI ARABIA 
Objective:
The objective of this study was to determine the general knowledge of diabetes among female diabetic school teachers in Al-Khobar, Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia.
Methods:
A total of 91 female diabetic school teachers were interviewed in the School Health Clinic in Al-Khobar using a structured questionnaire. Their weight and height were measured and BMI was calculated.
Results:
The results showed that understanding of diabetes was inadequate. Knowledge about symptoms of hypoglycemia was low. One-fourth (25%) of the sample of this study was using certain herbs for the treatment or management of diabetes mellitus. About three- fourths were overweight and obese. The results showed a deficiency of knowledge on the general aspects of diabetes mellitus. An appropriate educational material was prepared in the form leaflets, lectures and workshops.
Conclusion:
This paper concludes that awareness and education about diabetes are needed urgently among the studied sample.
PMCID: PMC3410136  PMID: 23012071
Diabetes Mellitus; School teachers; knowledge; herbs

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