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1.  Use of a Rich Internet Application Solution to Present Medical Images 
Journal of Digital Imaging  2011;24(6):967-978.
Browser with Rich Internet Application (RIA) Web pages could be a powerful user interface for handling sophisticated data and applications. Then the RIA solutions would be a potential method for viewing and manipulating the most data generated in clinical processes, which can accomplish the main functionalities as general picture archiving and communication system (PACS) viewing systems. The aim of this study is to apply the RIA technology to present medical images. Both Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) and non-DICOM data can be handled by our RIA solutions. Some clinical data that are especially difficult to present using PACS viewing systems, such as ECG waveform, pathology virtual slide microscopic image, and radiotherapy plan, are as well demonstrated. Consequently, clinicians can use browser as a unique interface for acquiring all the clinical data located in different departments and information systems. And the data could be presented appropriately and processed freely by adopting the RIA technologies.
Electronic supplementary material
The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s10278-011-9374-1) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
PMCID: PMC3222552  PMID: 21424328
PACS; Clinical application; Clinical image viewing; DICOM; XML; RIA
2.  Applying a Presentation Content Manifest for Signing Clinical Documents 
In this paper, we demonstrate how to digitally sign a content manifest of a presentable clinical document that contains multiple clinical data with presentations. Only one signature is needed for an entire clinical document with multiple data resources, which can reduce the computation time during signing and verifying processes. In the radiology field, a report may contain text descriptions, images, and annotations that are stored separately in different data resources. The manifest signature would be a proper means for integrity checking for all the clinical data within the manifest. The manifest signature can be extended with a trusted third party to add a digital time signature for long-term verifiability. The performance of the manifest signing compared with that of a traditional digital signing was evaluated. The new manifest signature can be used for signing different types of presentable clinical documents, such HL7 CDA documents and DICOM image reports.
PMCID: PMC3043764  PMID: 19290579
Security; digital signature; electronic health record (EHR); digital imaging and communication in medicine (DICOM)
3.  A Web-Based Solution for Viewing Large-Sized Microscopic Images 
This paper demonstrates a pure web-based solution enabling the presentation of scanned pathologic microscopic images on the web. For each slide, an entire specimen is scanned, and a high-resolution digital image (in the order of giga-pixels) is reconstructed. These huge images are then tiled into many 256 × 256-pixel blocks with different resolutions, and information about the blocks of each scanned slide is included in an extensible markup language metafile. Based on the data, a virtual microscopy system is created for viewing the scanned pathologic slides on web. The functionalities (changing viewing resolution, location adjustment, and multimedia annotation presentation) of our virtual slide viewing system are accomplished using pure hypertext markup language (HTML) and JavaScript. We show that there is no need to add plug-in components to browsers in order to handle virtual slides on the web. In a heterogeneous healthcare environment, methods using pure HTML and JavaScript to deal with pathologic content are more appropriate than using proprietary technologies supported only by specific browsers.
PMCID: PMC3043691  PMID: 18584245
Virtual microscopy; virtual slide; JavaScript; XML; whole slide imaging
4.  Developing a Medical Image Content Repository for E-Learning 
Journal of Digital Imaging  2006;19(3):207-215.
The integration of medical informatics and e-learning systems could provide many advanced applications including training, knowledge management, telemedicine, etc. Currently, both the domains of e-learning and medical image have sophisticated specifications and standards. It is a great challenge to bring about integration. In this paper, we describe the development of a Web interface for searching and viewing medical images that are stored in standard medical image servers. With the creation of a Web solution, we have reduced the overheads of integration. We have packaged Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) network services as a component that can be used via a Web server. The Web server constitutes a content repository for searching, editing, and storing Web-based medical image content. This is a simple method by which the use of Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS) can be extended. We show that the content repository can easily interact and integrate with a learning system. With the integration, the user can easily generate and assign medical image content for e-learning. A Web solution might be the simplest way for system integration. The demonstration in this paper should be useful as a method of expanding the usage of medical information. The construction of a Web-based repository and integrated with a learning system may be also applicable to other domains.
PMCID: PMC3045146  PMID: 16710797
Content repository; DICOM; WADO; E-learning
5.  System Integration and DICOM Image Creation for PET-MR Fusion 
Journal of Digital Imaging  2004;18(1):28-36.
This article demonstrates a gateway system for converting image fusion results to digital imaging and communication in medicine (DICOM) objects. For the purpose of standardization and integration, we have followed the guidelines of the Integrated Healthcare Enterprise technical framework and developed a DICOM gateway. The gateway system combines data from hospital information system, image fusion results, and the information generated itself to constitute new DICOM objects. All the mandatory tags defined in standard DICOM object were generated in the gateway system. The gateway system will generate two series of SOP instances of each PET-MR fusion result; SOP (Service Object Pair) one for the reconstructed magnetic resonance (MR) images and the other for position emission tomography (PET) images. The size, resolution, spatial coordinates, and number of frames are the same in both series of SOP instances. Every new generated MR image exactly fits with one of the reconstructed PET images. Those DICOM images are stored to the picture archiving and communication system (PACS) server by means of standard DICOM protocols. When those images are retrieved and viewed by standard DICOM viewing systems, both images can be viewed at the same anatomy location. This system is useful for precise diagnosis and therapy.
PMCID: PMC3047215  PMID: 15937718
DICOM gateway; image fusion; IHE

Results 1-5 (5)