Search tips
Search criteria

Results 1-3 (3)

Clipboard (0)
Year of Publication
Document Types
1.  Effect of Pixel Resolution on Texture Features of Breast Masses in Mammograms 
Journal of Digital Imaging  2009;23(5):547-553.
The effect of pixel resolution on texture features computed using the gray-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) was analyzed in the task of discriminating mammographic breast lesions as benign masses or malignant tumors. Regions in mammograms related to 111 breast masses, including 65 benign masses and 46 malignant tumors, were analyzed at pixel sizes of 50, 100, 200, 400, 600, 800, and 1,000 μm. Classification experiments using each texture feature individually provided accuracy, in terms of the area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (AUC), of up to 0.72. Using the Bayesian classifier and the leave-one-out method, the AUC obtained was in the range 0.73 to 0.75 for the pixel resolutions of 200 to 800 μm, with 14 GLCM-based texture features using adaptive ribbons of pixels around the boundaries of the masses. Texture features computed using the ribbons resulted in higher classification accuracy than the same features computed using the corresponding regions within the mass boundaries. The t test was applied to AUC values obtained using 100 repetitions of random splitting of the texture features from the ribbons of masses into the training and testing sets. The texture features computed with the pixel size of 200 μm provided the highest average AUC with statistically highly significant differences as compared to all of the other pixel sizes tested, except 100 μm.
PMCID: PMC3046677  PMID: 19756865
Breast cancer; breast masses; Haralick's texture features; mammography; margins of masses; pixel size; pixel resolution; ribbon around a mass; texture analysis; texture features; tumor classification; digital image processing; image analysis; mammography
2.  Detection of the Optic Nerve Head in Fundus Images of the Retina with Gabor Filters and Phase Portrait Analysis 
Journal of Digital Imaging  2010;23(4):438-453.
We propose a method using Gabor filters and phase portraits to automatically locate the optic nerve head (ONH) in fundus images of the retina. Because the center of the ONH is at or near the focal point of convergence of the retinal vessels, the method includes detection of the vessels using Gabor filters, detection of peaks in the node map obtained via phase portrait analysis, and an intensity-based condition. The method was tested on 40 images from the Digital Retinal Images for Vessel Extraction (DRIVE) database and 81 images from the Structured Analysis of the Retina (STARE) database. An ophthalmologist independently marked the center of the ONH for evaluation of the results. The evaluation of the results includes free-response receiver operating characteristics (FROC) and a measure of distance between the manually marked and detected centers. With the DRIVE database, the centers of the ONH were detected with an average distance of 0.36 mm (18 pixels) to the corresponding centers marked by the ophthalmologist. FROC analysis indicated a sensitivity of 100% at 2.7 false positives per image. With the STARE database, FROC analysis indicated a sensitivity of 88.9% at 4.6 false positives per image.
PMCID: PMC3046656  PMID: 20066466
Retinal images; segmentation; optic nerve head; optic disk; Gabor filters; phase portraits; FROC analysis
3.  Three-Dimensional Segmentation of the Tumor in Computed Tomographic Images of Neuroblastoma 
Journal of Digital Imaging  2006;20(1):72-87.
Segmentation of the tumor in neuroblastoma is complicated by the fact that the mass is almost always heterogeneous in nature; furthermore, viable tumor, necrosis, and normal tissue are often intermixed. Tumor definition and diagnosis require the analysis of the spatial distribution and Hounsfield unit (HU) values of voxels in computed tomography (CT) images, coupled with a knowledge of normal anatomy. Segmentation and analysis of the tissue composition of the tumor can assist in quantitative assessment of the response to therapy and in the planning of delayed surgery for resection of the tumor. We propose methods to achieve 3-dimensional segmentation of the neuroblastic tumor. In our scheme, some of the normal structures expected in abdominal CT images are delineated and removed from further consideration; the remaining parts of the image volume are then examined for the tumor mass. Mathematical morphology, fuzzy connectivity, and other image processing tools are deployed for this purpose. Expert knowledge provided by a radiologist in the form of the expected structures and their shapes, HU values, and radiological characteristics are incorporated into the segmentation algorithm. In this preliminary study, the methods were tested with 10 CT exams of four cases from the Alberta Children's Hospital. False-negative error rates of less than 12% were obtained in eight of the 10 exams; however, seven of the exams had false-positive error rates of more than 20% with respect to manual segmentation of the tumor by a radiologist.
PMCID: PMC3043888
3D image segmentation; neuroblastoma; computed tomography; fuzzy connectivity; tumor segmentation

Results 1-3 (3)