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1.  Regression Calibration for Dichotomized Mismeasured Predictors* 
Epidemiologic research focuses on estimating exposure-disease associations. In some applications the exposure may be dichotomized, for instance when threshold levels of the exposure are of primary public health interest (e.g., consuming 5 or more fruits and vegetables per day may reduce cancer risk). Errors in exposure variables are known to yield biased regression coefficients in exposure-disease models. Methods for bias-correction with continuous mismeasured exposures have been extensively discussed, and are often based on validation substudies, where the “true” and imprecise exposures are observed on a small subsample. In this paper, we focus on biases associated with dichotomization of a mismeasured continuous exposure. The amount of bias, in relation to measurement error in the imprecise continuous predictor, and choice of dichotomization cut point are discussed. Measurement error correction via regression calibration is developed for this scenario, and compared to naïly using the dichotomized mismeasured predictor in linear exposure-disease models. Properties of the measurement error correction method (i.e., bias, mean-squared error) are assessed via simulations.
doi:10.2202/1557-4679.1143
PMCID: PMC2743435  PMID: 20046953
2.  Regression Calibration for Dichotomized Mismeasured Predictors* 
Epidemiologic research focuses on estimating exposure-disease associations. In some applications the exposure may be dichotomized, for instance when threshold levels of the exposure are of primary public health interest (e.g., consuming 5 or more fruits and vegetables per day may reduce cancer risk). Errors in exposure variables are known to yield biased regression coefficients in exposure-disease models. Methods for bias-correction with continuous mismeasured exposures have been extensively discussed, and are often based on validation substudies, where the “true” and imprecise exposures are observed on a small subsample. In this paper, we focus on biases associated with dichotomization of a mismeasured continuous exposure. The amount of bias, in relation to measurement error in the imprecise continuous predictor, and choice of dichotomization cut point are discussed. Measurement error correction via regression calibration is developed for this scenario, and compared to naïvely using the dichotomized mismeasured predictor in linear exposure-disease models. Properties of the measurement error correction method (i.e., bias, mean-squared error) are assessed via simulations.
doi:10.2202/1557-4679.1143
PMCID: PMC2743435  PMID: 20046953
measurement error correction; dichotomizing covariates; regression calibration

Results 1-2 (2)