To discuss the role of clinical trials in the changing landscape of cancer care resulting in individualized cancer treatment plans including a discussion of several innovative randomized studies designed to evaluate multiple targeted therapies in molecularly defined subsets of individuals.
Medical and nursing literature, research articles, and clinicaltrials.gov.
Recent advancements in cancer biomarkers and biomedical technology have begun to transform fundamentals of cancer therapeutics and clinical trials through innovative adaptive trial designs. The goal of these studies is to learn not only if a drug is safe and effective but also how it is best delivered and who will derive the most benefit.
Implications for Nursing Practice
Implementation of clinical trials in the cancer biomarker era requires knowledge, skills, and expertise related to the use of biomarkers and molecularly defined processes underlying a malignancy, as well as an understanding of associated ethical, legal, and social issues to provide competent, safe, and effective health care and patient communication.