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1.  Social and Ethical Implications of Genomics, Race, Ethnicity and Health Inequities 
Seminars in oncology nursing  2008;24(4):254-261.
Objectives
To review ethical, ethnic/ancestral, and societal issues of genetic and genomic information and technologies in the context of racial and ethnic health disparities.
Data sources
Research and journal articles, government reports, web sites.
Conclusion
As knowledge of human genetic variation and its link to diseases continues to grow, some see race and ethnicity well poised to serve as genetic surrogates in predicting disease etiology and treatment response. However, stereotyping and bias, in clinical interactions can be barriers to effective treatment for racial and ethnic minority patients.
Implications for nursing practice
The nursing profession has a key role in assuring that genomic healthcare does not enhance racial and ethnic health inequities. This will require utilization of new genomic knowledge and caring for each patient as an individual in a culturally and clinically appropriate manner.
doi:10.1016/j.soncn.2008.08.005
PMCID: PMC2892396  PMID: 19000599
human genetics; clinical decision-making; race; health disparities; nursing

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