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1.  EXPERIMENTAL AND CLINICAL HOMOTRANSPLANTATION OF THE LIVER* 
Until the present time, whole-organ hepatic homotransplantation has been a disappointing procedure, both in experimental animals and in man. The operation itself carries a high immediate risk, especially in the dog, which is peculiarly subject to an anoxic hepatic injury termed “outflow block.” In reported canine experiments, the majority of animals have failed to recover from the acute effects of operation. Because of the fact that it has not been possible to obtain a consistently satisfactory preparation, evaluations of the efficacy of immunosuppressive regimens for the prevention of rejection have never been published.
In the following remarks, attention will be directed to the influence of therapy with azathioprine, or azathioprine plus prednisone, upon the rejection process in dogs and in five patients receiving hepatic homografts after removal of their own livers. Since efforts to obtain long-term survival were eventually futile in both groups, an analysis of the reasons for failure will be attempted. Finally, alternative solutions will be presented which are designed to avoid the many pitfalls that have thus far precluded success.
PMCID: PMC3154797  PMID: 14235287
2.  SPLENIC HOMOTRANSPLANTATION* 
During the past 12 months, five clinical whole-organ splenic homotransplantations have been carried out with the objective of providing active immunologic tissue for the recipient patients. In one case with hypogammaglobulinemia, it was hoped that the transplanted tissue would alleviate a state of immunologic deficiency. In the other four, all of whom had terminal malignancies, the purpose was to superimpose a state of altered immunologic reactivity upon the host in the hope of thereby suppressing the inexorable growth of the neoplasms.
As will be described, these procedures can now be judged in each instance to have been without benefit. Nevertheless, full documentation of the cases seems justified not only because of the many implications of transplantation of immunologically competent tissue, but also because of the potentially important observations made during the care of these patients.
In addition, a full account will be presented of the supporting canine studies of splenic homotransplantation, inasmuch as many of the principles of clinical therapy and investigation derived from prior observations in the dog. The fact that it is possible to obtain viable splenic homografts in the dog for as long as two-thirds of a year without the production of runt disease or other harmful effects may have application in future research on bone marrow, other lymphoid, or hepatic homografts.
PMCID: PMC3095853  PMID: 14235278

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