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1.  Reducing and Restoring Stimulus-Response Compatibility Effects by Decreasing the Discriminability of Location Words 
Acta psychologica  2008;130(1):95-102.
In two experiments, we compared level of activation and temporal overlap accounts of compatibility effects in the Simon task by reducing the discriminability of spatial and non-spatial features of a target location word. Participants made keypress responses to the non-spatial or spatial feature of centrally-presented location words. The discriminability of the spatial feature of the word (Experiment 1), or of both the spatial and non-spatial feature (Experiment 2), was manipulated. When the spatial feature of the word was task-irrelevant, lowering the discriminability of this feature reduced the compatibility effect. The compatibility effect was restored when the discriminability of both the task-relevant and task-irrelevant features were reduced together. Results provide further evidence for the temporal overlap account of compatibility effects. Furthermore, compatibility effects when the spatial information was task-relevant and those when the spatial information was task-irrelevant were moderately correlated with each other, suggesting a common underlying mechanism in both versions.
doi:10.1016/j.actpsy.2008.10.005
PMCID: PMC2677062  PMID: 19041085
Simon effect; stimulus-response compatibility; temporal overlap; automatic activation

Results 1-1 (1)