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1.  The Genome Database for Rosaceae (GDR): year 10 update 
Nucleic Acids Research  2013;42(Database issue):D1237-D1244.
The Genome Database for Rosaceae (GDR, http:/, the long-standing central repository and data mining resource for Rosaceae research, has been enhanced with new genomic, genetic and breeding data, and improved functionality. Whole genome sequences of apple, peach and strawberry are available to browse or download with a range of annotations, including gene model predictions, aligned transcripts, repetitive elements, polymorphisms, mapped genetic markers, mapped NCBI Rosaceae genes, gene homologs and association of InterPro protein domains, GO terms and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway terms. Annotated sequences can be queried using search interfaces and visualized using GBrowse. New expressed sequence tag unigene sets are available for major genera, and Pathway data are available through FragariaCyc, AppleCyc and PeachCyc databases. Synteny among the three sequenced genomes can be viewed using GBrowse_Syn. New markers, genetic maps and extensively curated qualitative/Mendelian and quantitative trait loci are available. Phenotype and genotype data from breeding projects and genetic diversity projects are also included. Improved search pages are available for marker, trait locus, genetic diversity and publication data. New search tools for breeders enable selection comparison and assistance with breeding decision making.
PMCID: PMC3965003  PMID: 24225320
2.  CottonGen: a genomics, genetics and breeding database for cotton research 
Nucleic Acids Research  2013;42(Database issue):D1229-D1236.
CottonGen ( is a curated and integrated web-based relational database providing access to publicly available genomic, genetic and breeding data for cotton. CottonGen supercedes CottonDB and the Cotton Marker Database, with enhanced tools for easier data sharing, mining, visualization and data retrieval of cotton research data. CottonGen contains annotated whole genome sequences, unigenes from expressed sequence tags (ESTs), markers, trait loci, genetic maps, genes, taxonomy, germplasm, publications and communication resources for the cotton community. Annotated whole genome sequences of Gossypium raimondii are available with aligned genetic markers and transcripts. These whole genome data can be accessed through genome pages, search tools and GBrowse, a popular genome browser. Most of the published cotton genetic maps can be viewed and compared using CMap, a comparative map viewer, and are searchable via map search tools. Search tools also exist for markers, quantitative trait loci (QTLs), germplasm, publications and trait evaluation data. CottonGen also provides online analysis tools such as NCBI BLAST and Batch BLAST.
PMCID: PMC3964939  PMID: 24203703
3.  The RdgC protein employs a novel mechanism involving a finger domain to bind to circular DNA 
Nucleic Acids Research  2010;38(19):6433-6446.
The DNA-binding protein RdgC has been identified as an inhibitor of RecA-mediated homologous recombination in Escherichia coli. In Neisseria species, RdgC also has a role in virulence-associated antigenic variation. We have previously solved the crystal structure of the E. coli RdgC protein and shown it to form a toroidal dimer. In this study, we have conducted a mutational analysis of residues proposed to mediate interactions at the dimer interfaces. We demonstrate that destabilizing either interface has a serious effect on in vivo function, even though a stable complex with circular DNA was still observed. We conclude that tight binding is required for inhibition of RecA activity. We also investigated the role of the RdgC finger domain, and demonstrate that it plays a crucial role in the binding of circular DNA. Together, these data allow us to propose a model for how RdgC loads onto DNA. We discuss how RdgC might inhibit RecA-mediated strand exchange, and how RdgC might be displaced by other DNA metabolism enzymes such as polymerases and helicases.
PMCID: PMC2965237  PMID: 20525790
4.  Lsr2 of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a DNA-bridging protein 
Nucleic Acids Research  2008;36(7):2123-2135.
Lsr2 is a small, basic protein present in Mycobacterium and related actinomycetes. Recent studies suggest that Lsr2 is a regulatory protein involved in multiple cellular processes including cell wall biosynthesis and antibiotic resistance. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unknown. In this article, we performed biochemical studies of Lsr2–DNA interactions and structure–function analysis of Lsr2. Analysis by atomic force microscopy revealed that Lsr2 has the ability to bridge distant DNA segments, suggesting that Lsr2 plays a role in the overall organization and compactness of the nucleoid. Mutational analysis identified critical residues and selection of dominant negative mutants demonstrated that both DNA binding and protein oligomerization are essential for the normal functions of Lsr2 in vivo. These results provide strong evidence that Lsr2 is a DNA bridging protein, which represents the first identification of such proteins in bacteria phylogenetically distant from the Enterobacteriaceae. DNA bridging by Lsr2 also provides a mechanism of transcriptional regulation by Lsr2.
PMCID: PMC2367712  PMID: 18187505

Results 1-4 (4)