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Yu, Jing (2)
Bhargava, Rohit (1)
Dabbs, David J (1)
Seethala, Raja R (1)
Solano, Francis X (1)
Year of Publication
Invasive lobular carcinoma with extracellular mucin production and HER-2 overexpression: a case report and further case studies
Dabbs, David J
Invasive lobular carcinomas (ILC) of breast typically demonstrate intracytoplasmic mucin. We present a unique case of classical type ILC with abundant extracellular mucin and strong ERBB2 (HER2/neu) expression confirmed by immunohistochemistry and fluorescent in situ hybridization. Dual E-cadherin/p120 immunohistochemical stain demonstrated complete loss of membranous E-cadherin and the presence of diffuse cytoplasmic p120 staining, confirming the lobular phenotype. The tumor cells showed ductal-like cytoplasmic MUC1 staining, but were negative for MUC2 and other mucin gene markers. In addition, studies of tissue microarrays of 80 breast carcinomas with mucinous differentiation revealed 4 pure mucinous carcinomas showing significantly reduced E-cadherin staining without redistribution of p120 into cytoplasm. The findings suggest that the presence of extracellular mucin does not exclude a diagnosis of lobular carcinoma, and the morphologic and molecular characteristics of lobular and ductal carcinomas are more complex than previously appreciated.
Bilateral cytomegalovirus (CMV) oophoritis mimicking widely metastatic carcinoma: a case report and review of the literature
Solano, Francis X
Seethala, Raja R
Ovarian cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a rare finding reported in autopsy studies of immunocompromised patients. We report the first case of bilateral CMV oophoritis diagnosed in surgical resection specimens from a 63-year-old woman with metastatic brain lesions undergoing whole brain radiation and steroid treatment. The ovarian involvement of CMV infection was an incidental finding during the colectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy procedure for gastrointestinal bleeding and presumed ovarian metastases. In contrast to the prevailing dogma, a review of the literature found similar prevalence of pre-menopausal and post-menopausal cases. While age related vasculopathy was thought to be the prevailing mechanism for CMV oophoritis, the observation of an inflammation mediated microthrombosis in our case provides a plausible age independent mechanism suggesting that both restrictive and obstructive vascular changes can be involved in the pathogenesis of CMV oophoritis. To avoid misdiagnosis, both pathologists and clinicians should recognize ovarian involvement by CMV as a possibility in the immunocompromised patient.
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