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1.  Clinical characteristics and prognosis of childhood rhabdomyosarcoma: a ten-year retrospective multicenter study 
Purpose: Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is the most frequent soft tissue sarcoma in children. We have retrospectively explored the treatment results of childhood RMS and identified prognostic factors in multicenter in China, in order to lay the foundation for further multicenter study. Methods: This retrospective study was carried out analyzing the medical records of 161 patients with the pathological diagnosis of RMS from January, 2001 to February, 2014 at 5 large cancer centers in China. The data was reviewed clinico-epidemiological factors. Age, gender, histology type, primary site, tumor size, intergroup rhabdomyosarcoma study (IRS) group and results of treatments were evaluated. Patients were followed up to Dec 31, 2014. Results: The median age of our patients was 51 months. 10.5% of our patients were infants. The genitourinary system was the most common primary site of tumor (43.5%). The proportion of primary site of head and neck except parameningeal, at 28.2% (42 cases), while the proportion of parameningeal region was 4.6% (7 cases). The histological findings were as follows: 130 cases (80.7%) with embryonal, 19 cases (11.9%) with alveolar and 5 cases (3.1%) with botryoid type. According to the classification system of the IRS group, 1 case (0.6%) was group I, 54 cases (33.5%) were group II, 46 cases (28.6%) were group III and 60 cases (37.3 %) were group IV. 149 patients were treated and followed-up regularly, Patients in Beijing children’s hospital (n=95) were enrolled in IRS-II/COG-D9803, D9802 protocols. while the other patients (n=54) started on treatment according to Chinese Anti-cancer Association protocol. There were median time of 51 months for following up, 60 occurred event. The ten-year event free survival rate was 53.4±5.1%, overall survival was 65.3±6.3%. The relations between outcome and age (0.046), primary site (0.022), pathologic subtype (0.013), tumor size (0.008) and IRS group (P=0.000) were associated significantly with event free survival. Among the variables, age (P=0.028) and IRS group (P=0.000) were associated significantly with overall survival. Multivariate analysis showed that overall survival for RMS was dependent on IRS group (P=0.026). Conclusions: The epidemiological characteristics of our patients are quite similarly to the worldwide data. Except for the higher prevalence of group IV in our patients and the higher percentage of patients with primary tumor site in the genitourinary system, this study showed that overall survival for RMS is depended on disease group.
PMCID: PMC4694212  PMID: 26770312
Childhood RMS; multicenter; China
2.  A Plug Release Mechanism for Membrane Permeation by MLKL 
Structure (London, England : 1993)  2014;22(10):1489-1500.
SUMMARY
MLKL is crucial for necroptosis, permeabilizing membranes through its N-terminal region upon phosphorylation of its kinase-like domain by RIP3. However, the mechanism underlying membrane permeabilization is unknown. The solution structure of the MLKL N-terminal region determined by NMR spectroscopy reveals a four-helix bundle with an additional helix at the top that is likely key for MLKL function, and a sixth, C-terminal helix that interacts with the top helix and with a poorly packed interface within the four-helix bundle. Fluorescence spectroscopy measurements indicate that much of the four-helix bundle inserts into membranes, but not the C-terminal helix. Moreover, we find that the four-helix bundle is sufficient to induce liposome leakage and that the C-terminal helix inhibits this activity. These results suggest that the four-helix bundle mediates membrane breakdown during necroptosis and that the sixth helix acts as a plug that prevents opening of the bundle and is released upon RIP3 phosphorylation.
doi:10.1016/j.str.2014.07.014
PMCID: PMC4192069  PMID: 25220470
4.  Water Management Practices Affect Arsenic and Cadmium Accumulation in Rice Grains 
The Scientific World Journal  2014;2014:596438.
Cadmium (Cd) and arsenic (As) accumulation in rice grains is a great threat to its productivity, grain quality, and thus human health. Pot and field studies were carried out to unravel the effect of different water management practices (aerobic, aerobic-flooded, and flooded) on Cd and As accumulation in rice grains of two different varieties. In pot experiment, Cd or As was also added into the soil as treatment. Pots without Cd or As addition were maintained as control. Results indicated that water management practices significantly influenced the Cd and As concentration in rice grains and aerobic cultivation of rice furnished less As concentration in its grains. Nonetheless, Cd concentration in this treatment was higher than the grains of flooded rice. Likewise, in field study, aerobic and flooded rice cultivation recorded higher Cd and As concentration, respectively. However, growing of rice in aerobic-flooded conditions decreased the Cd concentration by 9.38 times on average basis as compared to aerobic rice. Furthermore, this treatment showed 28% less As concentration than that recorded in flooded rice cultivation. The results suggested that aerobic-flooded cultivation may be a promising strategy to reduce the Cd and As accumulations in rice grains simultaneously.
doi:10.1155/2014/596438
PMCID: PMC4075083  PMID: 25013859
5.  Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T polymorphism is associated with estimated glomerular filtration rate in hypertensive Chinese males 
BMC Medical Genetics  2012;13:74.
Background
Plasma level of total homocysteine (tHcy) is negatively correlated with kidney function in general population. However, the causal mechanism of this correlation is poorly understood. The purpose of this study is to investigate the association of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T gene polymorphism, which is a major genetic determinant of the plasma tHcy level, with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in Chinese.
Methods
A total of 18 814 hypertensive patients (6 914 males, 11 900 females) were included in the study.
Results
Association between the eGFR and MTHFR C677T genotype was examined by sex-specific regression analyses. In males, TT genotype was associated with 1.37 ml/min/1.73 m2 decrease in eGFR (p = 0.004) and with an increased risk (OR = 1.32, p = 0.008) for the lowest quintile of eGFR after adjusting for age, BMI, and blood pressures. However, such association was not observed in females (p > 0.05). This association suggests MTHFR C677T polymorphism may play a role in the regulation of eGFR in males.
Conclusions
MTHFR 677 T is a risk allele for decreased kidney function in Chinese males, implicating this gene in the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease (CKD).
doi:10.1186/1471-2350-13-74
PMCID: PMC3458982  PMID: 22897803
MTHFR C677T polymorphism; eGFR; CKD

Results 1-5 (5)