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1.  Structure-based predictions broadly link transcription factor mutations to gene expression changes in cancers 
Nucleic Acids Research  2014;42(21):12973-12983.
Thousands of unique mutations in transcription factors (TFs) arise in cancers, and the functional and biological roles of relatively few of these have been characterized. Here, we used structure-based methods developed specifically for DNA-binding proteins to systematically predict the consequences of mutations in several TFs that are frequently mutated in cancers. The explicit consideration of protein–DNA interactions was crucial to explain the roles and prevalence of mutations in TP53 and RUNX1 in cancers, and resulted in a higher specificity of detection for known p53-regulated genes among genetic associations between TP53 genotypes and genome-wide expression in The Cancer Genome Atlas, compared to existing methods of mutation assessment. Biophysical predictions also indicated that the relative prevalence of TP53 missense mutations in cancer is proportional to their thermodynamic impacts on protein stability and DNA binding, which is consistent with the selection for the loss of p53 transcriptional function in cancers. Structure and thermodynamics-based predictions of the impacts of missense mutations that focus on specific molecular functions may be increasingly useful for the precise and large-scale inference of aberrant molecular phenotypes in cancer and other complex diseases.
PMCID: PMC4245936  PMID: 25378323
2.  Data extraction from composite oligonucleotide microarrays 
Nucleic Acids Research  2003;31(7):e36.
Microarray or DNA chip technology is revolutionizing biology by empowering researchers in the collection of broad-scope gene information. It is well known that microarray-based measurements exhibit a substantial amount of variability due to a number of possible sources, ranging from hybridization conditions to image capture and analysis. In order to make reliable inferences and carry out quantitative analysis with microarray data, it is generally advisable to have more than one measurement of each gene. The availability of both between-array and within-array replicate measurements is essential for this purpose. Although statistical considerations call for increasing the number of replicates of both types, the latter is particularly challenging in practice due to a number of limiting factors, especially for in-house spotting facilities. We propose a novel approach to design so-called composite microarrays, which allow more replicates to be obtained without increasing the number of printed spots.
PMCID: PMC152821  PMID: 12655024

Results 1-2 (2)