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1.  Live Cell Imaging of Caspase Activation for High Content Screening 
Journal of biomolecular screening  2009;14(8):956-969.
Caspases are central to the execution of programmed cell death and their activation constitutes the biochemical hallmark of apoptosis. In this article, we report the successful adaptation of a high content assay method utilizing the DEVD-NucView488™ fluorogenic substrate, and for the first time, we show caspase activation in live cells induced either by drugs or siRNA. The fluorogenic substrate was found to be non-toxic over an exposure period of several days; during which we demonstrate automated imaging and quantification of caspase activation of the same cell population as a function of time. Overexpression of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-XL, alone or in combination with the inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK, attenuated caspase activation in HeLa cells exposed to Doxorubicin, Etoposide or cell death siRNA. Our method was further validated against two well characterized NSCLC cell lines reported to be sensitive (H3255) or refractory (H2030) to Erlotinib; where we show a differential time dependent activation was observed for H3255 and no significant changes in H2030, consistent with their respective chemosensitivity profile. In summary, our results demonstrate the feasibility of using this newly adapted and validated high content assay to screen chemical or RNAi libraries for the identification of previously uncovered enhancers and suppressors of the apoptotic machinery in live cells.
doi:10.1177/1087057109343207
PMCID: PMC3613133  PMID: 19726787
High content assay; RNAi HT screening; Chemical HT screening; caspase; apoptosis; cancer; live cells
2.  A Profiling Platform for the Identification of Selective Metalloprotease Inhibitors 
Journal of biomolecular screening  2008;13(4):285-294.
Although proteases represent an estimated 5% to 10% of potential drug targets, inhibitors for metalloproteases (MPs) account for only a small proportion of all approved drugs, failures of which have typically been associated with lack of selectivity. In this study, the authors describe a novel and universal binding assay based on an actinonin derivative and show its binding activities for several MPs and its lack of activity toward all the non-MPs tested. This newly developed assay would allow for the rapid screening for inhibitors of a given MP and for the selectivity profiling of the resulting hits. The assay has successfully enabled for the first time simultaneous profiling of 8 well-known inhibitors against a panel of selected MPs. Previously published activities for these inhibitors were confirmed, and the authors have also discovered new molecular targets for some of them. The authors conclude that their profiling platform provides a generic assay solution for the identification of novel metalloprotease inhibitors as well as their selectivity profiling using a simple and homogeneous assay.
doi:10.1177/1087057108315877
PMCID: PMC2365505  PMID: 18349423
metalloprotease; inhibitor; profiling; fluorescence polarization; HTS

Results 1-2 (2)