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1.  Umbilical cord blood banking: from personal donation to international public registries to global bioeconomy 
The procedures for collecting voluntarily and freely donated umbilical cord blood (UCB) units and processing them for use in transplants are extremely costly, and the capital flows thus generated form part of an increasingly pervasive global bioeconomy. To place the issue in perspective, this article first examines the different types of UCB biobank, the organization of international registries of public UCB biobanks, the optimal size of national inventories, and the possibility of obtaining commercial products from donated units. The fees generally applied for the acquisition of UCB units for transplantation are then discussed, and some considerations are proposed regarding the social and ethical implications raised by the international network for the importation and exportation of UCB, with a particular emphasis on the globalized bioeconomy of UCB and its commerciality or lack thereof.
doi:10.2147/JBM.S64090
PMCID: PMC4069132  PMID: 24971040
cord blood banking; economy; ethics; stem cells; transplantation
2.  Ethical and legal aspects of refusal of blood transfusions by Jehovah’s Witnesses, with particular reference to Italy 
Blood Transfusion  2014;12(Suppl 1):s395-s401.
doi:10.2450/2013.0017-13
PMCID: PMC3934270  PMID: 23736931
autonomy; bioethics; blood transfusion; informed consent; responsibility
3.  Production of plasma-derived medicinal products: ethical implications for blood donation and donors 
Blood Transfusion  2014;12(Suppl 1):s389-s394.
doi:10.2450/2013.0167-12
PMCID: PMC3934296  PMID: 23522886
bioethics; blood; plasma-derived medicinal products
4.  Ethical and legal considerations regarding the ownership and commercial use of human biological materials and their derivatives 
This article considers some of the ethical and legal issues relating to the ownership and use – including for commercial purposes – of biological material and products derived from humans. The discussion is divided into three parts: after first examining the general notion of ownership, it moves to the particular case of possible commercial use, and finally reflects on the case in point in the light of the preceding considerations. Units of cord blood donated altruistically for transplantation and which are found unsuitable for storage and transplantation, or which become unsuitable while stored in biobanks, are taken as an example. These cord-blood units can be discarded together with other biological waste, or they can be used for research or the development of blood-derived products such as platelet gel. Several ethical questions (eg, informed consent, property, distribution of profits, and others) arise from these circumstances. In this regard, some criteria and limits to use are proposed.
doi:10.2147/JBM.S36134
PMCID: PMC3440234  PMID: 22977316
bioethics; biological specimen banks; cord-blood stem cell transplantation; ethics; informed consent; legislation
5.  A comparative analysis of the opinions from European national and international ethics committees regarding the collection, storage and use of umbilical cord blood 
Blood Transfusion  2012;10(3):279-289.
doi:10.2450/2012.0172-11
PMCID: PMC3417726  PMID: 22337278
bioethics; cord blood bank; ethics committees; stem cell transplant; umbilical cord blood
6.  Risk Assessment and Management for Medically Complex Potential Living Kidney Donors: A Few Deontological Criteria and Ethical Values 
Journal of Transplantation  2011;2011:307130.
A sound evaluation of every bioethical problem should be predicated on a careful analysis of at least two basic elements: (i) reliable scientific information and (ii) the ethical principles and values at stake. A thorough evaluation of both elements also calls for a careful examination of statements by authoritative institutions. Unfortunately, in the case of medically complex living donors neither element gives clear-cut answers to the ethical problems raised. Likewise, institutionary documents frequently offer only general criteria, which are not very helpful when making practical choices. This paper first introduces a brief overview of scientific information, ethical values, and institutionary documents; the notions of “acceptable risk” and “minimal risk” are then briefly examined, with reference to the problem of medically complex living donors. The so-called precautionary principle and the value of solidarity are then discussed as offering a possible approach to the ethical problem of medically complex living donors.
doi:10.1155/2011/307130
PMCID: PMC3235912  PMID: 22174982
7.  Umbilical cord blood collection, storage and use: ethical issues 
Blood Transfusion  2010;8(3):139-148.
doi:10.2450/2010.0152-09
PMCID: PMC2906192  PMID: 20671872
Ethics; cord blood; biobank; informed consent
8.  Theoretical Models and Operational Frameworks in Public Health Ethics 
The article is divided into three sections: (i) an overview of the main ethical models in public health (theoretical foundations); (ii) a summary of several published frameworks for public health ethics (practical frameworks); and (iii) a few general remarks. Rather than maintaining the superiority of one position over the others, the main aim of the article is to summarize the basic approaches proposed thus far concerning the development of public health ethics by describing and comparing the various ideas in the literature. With this in mind, an extensive list of references is provided.
doi:10.3390/ijerph7010189
PMCID: PMC2819784  PMID: 20195441
ethics; public health; utilitarianism; personalism; foundations; models; frameworks

Results 1-8 (8)