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1.  Role of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Peptidoglycan-Associated Outer Membrane Proteins in Vesicle Formation 
Journal of Bacteriology  2013;195(2):213-219.
Gram-negative bacteria produce outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) that package and deliver proteins, small molecules, and DNA to prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. The molecular details of OMV biogenesis have not been fully elucidated, but peptidoglycan-associated outer membrane proteins that tether the outer membrane to the underlying peptidoglycan have been shown to be critical for OMV formation in multiple Enterobacteriaceae. In this study, we demonstrate that the peptidoglycan-associated outer membrane proteins OprF and OprI, but not OprL, impact production of OMVs by the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Interestingly, OprF does not appear to be important for tethering the outer membrane to peptidoglycan but instead impacts OMV formation through modulation of the levels of the Pseudomonas quinolone signal (PQS), a quorum signal previously shown by our laboratory to be critical for OMV formation. Thus, the mechanism by which OprF impacts OMV formation is distinct from that for other peptidoglycan-associated outer membrane proteins, including OprI.
PMCID: PMC3553829  PMID: 23123904
2.  Characterization of a Thermostable DNA Glycosylase Specific for U/G and T/G Mismatches from the Hyperthermophilic Archaeon Pyrobaculum aerophilum 
Journal of Bacteriology  2000;182(5):1272-1279.
U/G and T/G mismatches commonly occur due to spontaneous deamination of cytosine and 5-methylcytosine in double-stranded DNA. This mutagenic effect is particularly strong for extreme thermophiles, since the spontaneous deamination reaction is much enhanced at high temperature. Previously, a U/G and T/G mismatch-specific glycosylase (Mth-MIG) was found on a cryptic plasmid of the archaeon Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum, a thermophile with an optimal growth temperature of 65°C. We report characterization of a putative DNA glycosylase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrobaculum aerophilum, whose optimal growth temperature is 100°C. The open reading frame was first identified through a genome sequencing project in our laboratory. The predicted product of 230 amino acids shares significant sequence homology to [4Fe-4S]-containing Nth/MutY DNA glycosylases. The histidine-tagged recombinant protein was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified. It is thermostable and displays DNA glycosylase activities specific to U/G and T/G mismatches with an uncoupled AP lyase activity. It also processes U/7,8-dihydro-oxoguanine and T/7,8-dihydro-oxoguanine mismatches. We designate it Pa-MIG. Using sequence comparisons among complete bacterial and archaeal genomes, we have uncovered a putative MIG protein from another hyperthermophilic archaeon, Aeropyrum pernix. The unique conserved amino acid motifs of MIG proteins are proposed to distinguish MIG proteins from the closely related Nth/MutY DNA glycosylases.
PMCID: PMC94412  PMID: 10671447

Results 1-2 (2)