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1.  Improved Assay Method for Phospholipase C 
Applied Microbiology  1967;15(3):551-555.
A lecithin sol dispersed with deoxycholate was found to be attacked by phospholipase C in the presence of calcium ion more rapidly than were any other lecithin sols. The inorganic phosphate could be released quantitatively from the acid soluble phosphate liberated from lecithin by an excess amount of alkaline phosphatase present in phospholipase C reaction mixture. A simple and accurate assay method for phospholipase C was developed with the sol and the alkaline phosphatase.
PMCID: PMC546967  PMID: 4962285
2.  Bacteriocin Produced by Bordetella pertussis1 
Journal of Bacteriology  1967;93(5):1484-1488.
Of the 24 strains of Bordetella pertussis examined, 2 produced bacteriocins that inhibited the growth of all but 2 other strains of this species. The two strains producing the bacteriocin and the two resistant strains were rough, whereas all susceptible strains were smooth. The bacteriocin was not active on the B. parapertussis or B. bronchiseptica strains tested. These bacteriocins appeared to be protein in nature, since they were heat-labile and partially inactivated by trypsin. They were antigenic but the neutralizing antibodies did not precipitate the antigens. Absorption of the antiserum with homologous cell suspensions removed the agglutinating, but not the neutralizing, antibody.
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PMCID: PMC276637  PMID: 4290577
3.  Viral Depuration of the Northern Quahaug1 
Applied Microbiology  1967;15(2):307-315.
A study was conducted to evaluate critically the feasibility of using the self-cleansing mechanism as a practical means to obtain virus-free shellfish. Two systems supplied with fresh running seawater, three strains of human enterovirus and the Northern quahaug, were used as working models. Preliminary experiments in the experimental system under arbitrarily selected conditions showed that depuration of poliovirus-polluted quahaugs could be achieved by the method used for the Eastern oyster. The factors affecting viral depuration studied so far included: (i) initial concentration of shellfish pollution; (ii) temperature of seawater; and (iii) salinity of seawater. It was shown that purification of the lightly polluted shellfish was achieved sooner than of the heavily polluted ones. The efficiency of viral depuration was roughly a function of the water temperature within the range tested (5 to 20 C). Reduction of salinity to 50 to 60% of the original level stopped this process completely, but 25% reduction in salinity did not affect significantly the rate of depuration. Preliminary study in the pilot system showed that viral depuration in the large tank appeared to be equally as efficient as that in the small experimental tanks under the particular conditions.
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PMCID: PMC546897  PMID: 4291510
4.  Effect of the Hemolysin of Pseudomonas aeruginosa on Phosphatides and on Phospholipase c Activity 
Journal of Bacteriology  1967;93(2):670-674.
The hemolysin of Pseudomonas aeruginosa was found to function as a detergent in solubilizing various phosphatides. Incorporation of the hemolysin into reaction mixtures containing phosphatides and phospholipase c significantly increased the rates of enzyme activities. Stimulation of enzyme activity was most likely due to improved dispersion of the substrates.
PMCID: PMC276493  PMID: 4960183

Results 1-4 (4)