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1.  Elevated angiotensin II in rat nodose ganglia primes diabetes-blunted arterial baroreflex sensitivity: involvement of NADPH oxidase-derived superoxide 
Journal of diabetes & metabolism  2011;2(6):1000135.
Clinical trials and experimental animal studies have confirmed the contribution of arterial baroreflex impairment in causing excess morbidity and mortality in type-1 diabetes. Our previous study has shown that angiotensin II (Ang II)-NADPH oxidase-superoxide signaling is associated with the reduced cell excitability in the aortic baroreceptor neurons (a primary afferent limb of the arterial baroreflex) from diabetic rats. In this study, we examined whether above-mentioned signaling might contribute to the blunted baroreflex sensitivity in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Using Ang II 125I radioimmunoassay and lucigenin chemiluminescence method, we found Ang II concentration, NADPH oxidase activity, and superoxide production in the nodose ganglia were enhanced in diabetic rats, compared to sham rats. As an index of the arterial baroreflex sensitivity, the reflex decreases in blood pressure and heart rate evoked by unilateral steady-frequency aortic depressor nerve stimulation were attenuated in diabetic rats. Local microinjection (50 nl) of losartan (an AT1 receptor antagonist, 1 nmol), apocynin (a NADPH oxidase inhibitor, 1 nmol), and tempol (a superoxide dismutase mimetic, 10 nmol) into the nodose ganglia significantly improved the arterial baroreflex sensitivity in diabetic rats. In addition, these three chemicals also normalized exogenous Ang II-attenuated arterial baroreflex sensitivity in sham rats. These results indicate that overactivation of the Ang II-NADPH oxidase-superoxide signal pathway in the nodose ganglia contributes to the blunted baroreflex sensitivity in diabetes.
doi:10.4172/2155-6156.1000135
PMCID: PMC3269316  PMID: 22308229
Angiotensin II; Baroreflex; Diabetes; NADPH oxidase; Superoxide
2.  Ethyl 8-chloro-1-cyclo­propyl-6,7-difluoro-4-oxo-1,4-dihydro­quinoline-3-carboxyl­ate 
In the mol­ecule of the title compound, C15H12ClF2NO3, the quinoline ring system is not planar, the dihedral angle between the pyridine and benzene rings being 3.55 (8)°. In the crystal, inter­molecular C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds link the mol­ecules into layers parallel to (101).
doi:10.1107/S160053681104205X
PMCID: PMC3247378  PMID: 22219996
3.  6-Benzyl-6,7-dihydro-5H-pyrrolo­[3,4-b]pyridine-5,7-dione 
In the title compound, C14H10N2O2, the dihedral angle between the heterocyclic ring system and the phenyl ring is 45.8 (5)°. Weak inter­molecular C—H⋯N hydrogen bonding is present in the crystal structure.
doi:10.1107/S1600536811041006
PMCID: PMC3247312  PMID: 22219930

Results 1-3 (3)